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2011

2011 Journals

January 2011 February 2011 March 2011 April 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 August 2011 September 2011 October 2011 November 2011

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc
Bromeliad Journal – February 2011 issue
CONTENTS
President’s Page – Jocelyn Coyle 3 Bromeliad Society January meeting news – Dave Anderson 4 Mt Coot-tha botanic gardens, Brisbane – JAGA 6 Four from Dave Anderson 8 Hints on preparing plants for competition – ‘Bromelia Post’ 10 Paul Wingert… hybridising in climatic extremes – Andrew Devonshire 11 Society March garden rambles 15 Society officers, subs and Journal directory 16 Group News 17 ‘Surviving’ cyclone Yasi in Cairns – Lynn Hudson 20
The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand

COMING EVENTS
Please see the Group News section starting on page 17 for details, venues and times of group meetings.
FEBRUARY MARCH 19th / 20th Society ‘Fiesta’ 6th South Auckland Group meeting 20th Society dinner at ‘Tusk’ 9th Bay of Plenty Group meeting restaurant 16th Bay of Plenty Group garden visits20th Eastern BOP Group meeting 20th Society garden rambles in22nd Society meeting at Greyfriar’s Auckland – see page 15 for details Hall, corner of Mt Eden and 22nd Society meeting and AGM Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm. at Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Monthly Choice competition: Eden and Windmill roads, starting Neoregelia concentrica variegated 7:30pm. Monthly Choice competition: hybrids. Speaker: Nigel Thomson Billbergias. Speaker: John Lambert (Queensland). and his subject will be Kerry Tate’s 27th Northland Group meeting Australian garden.27th Hawkes Bay Group meeting
FRONT COVER: Thanks to John and Agatha Lambert (JAGA), this month we are able to make a ‘visit’ to the large and impressive Brisbane botanic gardens at Mt Coot-tha. The cover plant from the gardens is Ananus comosus (variegated).


PRESIDENT’S PAGE
M
y mind was blank this month when it came to writing so I thought I would try to get some inspiration from the February 2010 Journal only to find that our editor had to fill in for the president that month – it seems the president was busy organising the ‘Fiesta’. I know how it feels but as they say ‘ask a busy person to do something and you know it will get done’.
The grass and weeds are growing faster than you can control them and my time should really be spent in the glasshouse cutting pups but how much fun is that with all this heat and humidity? Also, don’t forget that once the pups are cut they need to be potted. I pot off the back of a ute which is parked in the sun. Then it is on to putting them away in a plastic house and it all leads to an exhausting day.
Many thanks to Erik Kaihe-Wetting for his very interesting and informative talk at our January meeting about MAF. I am sure we all learnt something new.
I’d like to issue a challenge to all the thriving bromeliad groups around the country. Every month we read with interest your articles in the ‘Group News’ section of the Journal. We already feel that we know you all. So, how about sending us some articles on your members and their gardens?
Just some photos and a few words will be fine, even just with a member’s favourite plant. See what you can do as we would love to have some to put in the Journal (we all love looking at someone else’s garden and plants).
We have a great Garden Ramble in March, check the details on page 15 and join in the fun.
At our February meeting in Auckland. Luen Jones will be bringing along a display of crypthanthus and you will be able to talk to him about them See you all on the 22nd.
Jocelyn


STOP PRESS
Guest speaker for our February Meeting just confirmed as Nigel Thomson. In 1979 Nigel saw his first bromeliad and was struck down with a terrible ‘bromaholic illness’. At that time he was living in Africa. His love for bromeliads has never changed and he now lives in Queensland with appromimately two acres under cover and he imports and grows thousands of bromeliads.
DONT MISS THIS GREAT SPEAKER.

Bromeliad Society January Meeting News – Dave Anderson
J
ocelyn Coyle chaired the meeting and welcomed members and visitors. The ‘Fiesta’ was now only 3½ weeks away so please enter your plants in the competition and support your society by helping wherever you can. There will be a ‘Conference Sales Table’ at the ‘Fiesta’ with all proceeds going to the 2013 Australasian Conference to be held in Auckland – if you can do, donate your spare pups. Noelene, our librarian, spoke about the overseas journals in the library that are available for all members to borrow. She has bound numbers of the various journals into books making them very user friendly. Noelene made special reference to Herb Plever’s articles in the New York society journals that she found most informative. Finally please note that annual subscriptions are due at the end of February with a $5 discount applying to those who pay before the end of the month.
Peter Waters once again took us through the ‘Show and Tell’ plants. First up was a Neoregelia ‘Royal Hawaiian’ x carcharodon ‘Tiger’ hybrid made by John Lambert. This plant had very attractive reddish/pink translucent leaves with dark banding. Next a plant bought as Neoregelia concentrica ‘Pink’ on mail order with the owner wanting to know if it could be identified further. No, it was not a recognisable named plant and in fact the plant itself had very few redeeming features. For identification was the hybrid Neoregelia pauciflora x wilsoniana that was quite green and needs to be grown in much higher light to enhance its lovely colours. For display was the species Tillandsia umbellata – a clump of 20 or so plants with six impressive sky blue coloured flowers. Also for naming was the most attractive large nidularium that has been in NZ for many years and was originally wrongly named Nidularium innocentii var wittmackii. Although the name (Nidularium innocentii var wittmackii) has since been declared synonymous to Nidularium longiflorum it is not this species and is unable to be identified further albeit noting that it is a very attractive plant and almost certainly a hybrid.
Two small tillandsias were brought in for identification the first being the dark purple leafed Tillandsia tenuifolia that is similar to the tenuifolia var surinamensis that is shown in Takizawa’s Tillandsia Handbook. The second was the very floriferous species Tillandsia harrisii also out in full flower. Peter brought in the vriesea that has been in NZ for many years wrongly named as Vriesea corcovadensis. The plant in question has a somewhat similar red flower spike to Vriesea corcovadensis but is quite different to the true species in that it does not have the bulbous base and is more closely related to Vriesea lubbersii. Elton Leme suggests we should call it Vriesea aff. lubbersii. Another related but uncommon species is Vriesea flammea that has awl-shaped dull green leaves, a bulbous base and white flowers. The plant often seen here labelled as Vriesea flammea is actually Vriesea ‘Komet’. Peter had also brought in two forms of a medium and large sized Vriesea lubbersii and the true Vriesea corcovadensis for comparison.
Following the ‘Show & Tell’, Erik Kaihe-Wetting gave an interesting talk on importing plants from a MAF perspective.
Peter Coyle won the conference raffle plant this month, benevolently donating it back to the society and immediately auctioning the plant off. The door prizes went to Cara Lisa Schloots, Carolle Roberts and Judy Carneiro.
COMPETITIONS
Open Flowering: First Judy Graham with Aechmea ‘Madge’ – a most attractive plant that is a cv. of unknown parentage that has striking markings similar to Aechmea chantinii. Peter Coyle was second with Quesnelia ‘Tim Plowman’ a very attractive species. Also in the competition were Aechmea fasciata cv. ‘Kiwi’, ‘Rajah’; Billbergia ‘Domingos Martins’; Neoregelia ‘Painted Delight’, ‘Queen Kapiolani’; Portea petropolitana var. petropolitana; Vriesea delicatula, ‘Komet’, and ‘Sunset’.
Open Foliage: Judy Graham was first with a Vriesea ospinae var gruberi. This is a beautiful plant with its banded foliage. Second was Peter Coyle with Neoregelia ‘Lamberts Pride’ x ‘Treasure Chest’– a hybrid that he had made. In the competition were Billbergia ‘Domingos Martins’; Neoregelia ‘Bingito #1’, ‘Royal Hawaiian’ x carcharodon ‘Tiger’, ‘Hannibal Lector’ x carcharodon and ‘The Governors Plea’; Vriesea ‘Tasman Wave’ and ‘Taranaki Mist’.
Tillandsia: John Mitchell was first with Tillandsia dyeriana – a plant with a beautiful scarlet red spike and white flowers – see cover on the book “Blooming Bromeliads”. Second was David Anderson with Tillandsia jalisco-monticola. There were also on the table Tillandsia hondurensis, streptophylla ‘Victoria’, flabellata, umbellata, ehlersiana, tricolor and latifolia var. divaricata.
Neoregelia: Glenys Guild was first with Neoregelia ‘Orange’ and Peter Coyle was second with Neoregelia ‘Strawberry Lace’. In the competition were Neoregelia ‘Sheer Delight’ x carolinae, ‘Tahiti Rosa’, ‘Manoa Beauty’, ‘Christmas Cheer’, ‘Hannibal Lector’ (variegated), ‘Ryans Red’ (variegated), ‘Tiger Cub’ x ‘Black Knight’ and ampullacea x carolinae var tricolor.
Aechmea nudicaulis cvs.: First was Peter Waters with Aechmea nudicaulis var capitata. Followed by Chris Paterson with Aechmea nudicaulis var ‘Silver Streak’-a. In the competition were Aechmea nudicaulis var cuspidata, ‘Mary Hyde’ and ‘Black’.
The Plant of the month went to John Mitchell with Tillandsia dyeriana. Congratulations to all the winners.
NEXT MEETING: Tues 27th Feb.


Mt Coot-tha botanic gardens, Brisbane

– Article and photos by JAGA


P
re Christmas we spent two weeks in Queensland with part of the time in Brisbane. Although we had to dodge some heavy rain bursts it was nothing like what they have experienced since, so we count ourselves lucky. About 10 minutes drive from the CBD is Mt Coot-tha botanic gardens. These gardens are a ‘must visit’ for all keen gardeners. It’s a big area of about 50 hectares in total with a lot of walking tracks with the gardens divided up with an enclosed fern garden, Japanese garden, arid, tropical, native, exotic and rain forest gardens. The gardens also have a planetarium, library and cafes. If you have limited time then we would suggest checking out the wonderful tropical rain forest area where you will see a huge collection of mature tropical trees and plants from all around the world which is superbly landscaped. Waterfalls and rivers complement this area along with tropical bird life, insects and many sun basking lizards.

It will take you a couple of hours to walk around this part which of course includes lots of clumps of bromeliads. At a guess I would say about 300 metres worth along the side of the walking tracks in clear view. As it is a rainforest zone these brom areas are in very dappled low light and although the plants enjoy tropical temperatures they are very shaded so be warned – the colours are quite muted, but then this is the way they would be in their natural habitat.
There is a treat in store in the large gardens outside the library building opposite the planetarium and these broms would be some of the best we saw in a public garden in Queensland. We understand they are donated by the Bromeliad Society of Queensland. The pictures all show plants in this area. The whole area is right at the base of Mt Coot-tha and you can break from the garden walks and, like us, you can take lunch at the lookout cafe at the summit and enjoy a great view of Brisbane.


Mt Coot-tha…

In the foreground, Neoregelia ‘Enchantment’
Billbergia ‘Tarantella’

Neoregelia olens x ‘Brazil’
Neoregelia ‘Haninbal Lector’ (front)
and ‘Tiger’ (back) Neoregelia gigas and Canistrum triangulare


Four from
Dave Anderson…

Aechmea andersonii


Neoregelia cathcartii

Hohenbergia burle-marxii
Aechmea mexicana (albomarginated)

Four from Dave Anderson…

Aechmea andersonii
A medium sized plant with leaves 2030cm long. It is native to the Bahia state of Brazil where it grows in the forest close to the Atlantic Ocean. This most attractive species was collected by John Anderson, W. Berg and S. Linhares and named in honour of the great collector and enthusiast of the genus aechmea – J. Anderson. A truly beautiful plant that does require some warmth and protection through Auckland’s winters but well worth the effort. As can be seen by the photo it is closely related to Aechmea fulgens.

Aechmea mexicana (albomarginated)
The large plant with its decorative rosette and broad albomarginated leaves is very eye-catching even when not in bloom. It is distributed over a wide area from Mexico through to Ecuador where it grows as an epiphyte in full sun between 100-1300 metres altitude. The inconspicuous flowers change into white berries that remain ornamental for many months. Unfortunately in Auckland it suffers during our cool wet winters and certainly does better in the dry, milder winters, typical of Brisbane Australia.

Neoregelia cathcartii
This medium sized plant was found in Henri Pittier National Park in northern Venezuela by Dennis Cathcart in 1981. Growing at an altitude of approximately 1100 metres when found; it thrives in my garden outside all year round in Auckland. As can be seen in the photograph it is a truly magnificent species. It is closely related to Neoregelia eleutheropetala, but has not been found again in its natural habitat. Just a superb plant in anyone’s language!

Hohenbergia burle-marxii
This genus has some truly magnificent species and this is one of them. The flowers of Hohenbergia are usually coloured blue or lilac but this species differs in having green petals. It is endemic to Bahia state in Brazil and was first identified in the garden of Roberto Burle Marx. It was described by Leme and W Till in the ‘Bromelia’ Journal in 1996.


Wanting to make contact with any growers, or collectors of dyckia or deuterocohnia.
Andrew Devonshire
0274-716 621
or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

We will publish Buy or Swap notices from members of the Society. Maximum 30 words. Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or postto: 14 Matanui St, Northcote, North Shore City.

Hints for preparing plants for competition
– Reprinted from Central Coast NSW Bromeliad Society ‘Bromelia Post’, May 2006, with amendments to fit our BSNZ Society rules.
Plants are judged and receive a score out of 100 points allocated in the
following way: 
i. Culture  30 points for both Blooming and Foliage Classes 
ii. Conformation  20 points Blooming Classes; 30 points Foliage Classes 
iii. Colour  20 points Blooming Classes; 30 points Foliage Classes 
iv. Inflorescence  20 points 
v. Maturity  10 points for both Blooming and Foliage Classes 


CULTURE
The pot should be clean with no salt residue around the base and suitable for the type of plant. It should not be too large or too small. The plant should be in the centre of the pot free from dust, debris, spider webs, frogs, etc. Ensure that the surface of the potting mix is clean and free from moss, slime, debris or weeds.
An excellent way to clean the plant is to place the pot in a plastic bag and tie it securely around the top of the pot at the base of the plant to keep the plant and mix in place. Now turn it upside down and hose the plant out removing all debris.
Check the lower leaves – remove any tatty or damaged leaves carefully. It may be necessary to remove one or two extra leaves to maintain plant symmetry. However, if too many leaves are removed the plant will appear to have an undesirable “stalk” at the base. Unsightly burn or other marks near the ends of upper leaves may be removed by trimming the leaves. When trimming a leaf, shape it to be the same as the leaf above using sharp scissors or a scalpel. Trimming is best done a few hours prior to judging so that the leaf cut is fresh and not discoloured.
Plants must be healthy and not have any pests such as scale or diseases present.

CONFORMATION
This is a measure of the extent to which the competing plant complies with the known and ideal characteristics and qualities of its type and class. Points may be lost if the plant is not of a natural shape. Plants may come from different clones and look rather similar, but some clones will be better than others.

INFLORESCENCE
A good inflorescence has value but can only be awarded a maximum of 20 out of 100 possible points, so the inflorescence is always of less value than the plant itself.
Cont’d P11

Paul Wingert… hybridising in climatic extremes – Andrew Devonshire
Paul Wingert is a bromeliad breeder(and professional musician) from Michigan, in the Great Lakes Region of North America. Bromeliads first caught Paul’s attention some thirty years ago, and since then he has become involved with his local Bromeliad Society, built up and maintained a diverse collection of plants, and registered over 30 hybrids, all in a climate that would not be described as ‘tropical’. I had the opportunity to ask Paul some questions to gain a better understanding of just what he does.
What got you started hybridising do any hybridising, but he was an avid bromeliads, and who are the people collector, and through him I acquired that have influenced you? a lot of cool broms. Lou introduced
me to Michael Kiehl – a familiar Once I had developed the confidence name to most bromeliad growers, to grow bromeliads from seed, it and has established a rapport with seemed natural to try producing my many of the well known bromeliad own. Most of my early efforts were hybridisers. Each time I visit Michael, largely experimental, and few of those I get to see some of the latest releases early attempts have survived. I think from growers such as Lisa Vinzant, I’ve learned over the years to be more Sharon Petersen, David Shiigi, Chester selective in choosing parents. Skotak, Grant Groves, Jim Irvin,
Grace Goode, Allan Freeman, Shane My earliest mentor was Louis Wilson. Zaghini, and I even get to see a few of He was a professor of Forestry and my plants… talk about fun!! There are Entomology at nearby Michigan State also earlier hybrids from well known University. It was the ‘bromeliad bug’ that really got Louis though. He didn’t Cont’d P12
Cont’d from P10 – Hints for preparing plants for competition
GENERAL
Do not use leaf polish in an attempt to hide defects. Plant should be at the correct level in the pot. Do not pot it too deeply. Plant should be firmly established in the pot and stand upright. The plant must be thoroughly drained with NO water left in the rosette or any of the lower leaf axils. An extended stalk looks awful. Remove the plant from its pot, cut a little of the root mass from the bottom, replace the plant in the pot and add fresh mix on top to the correct level. For a plant to qualify as a single plant (or specimen), any offsets (pups) present MUST be no more than 1/3 (one third) of the size of the parent. Colonies – all plants MUST be interconnected. Remove dead plants. It is accepted that some offsets will be of different ages and sizes to others in the colony. Allowance is made for the older (presentable) plants that make up the colony.

Cont’d from P11 – Paul Wingert… hybridising in climatic extremes
hybridising pioneers James Elmore, Charles Coolbaugh, Gary Hendrix, Don Beadle, and many others. Michael Kiehl is also getting much more active in creating his own hybrids, and it is exciting to see some of his new creations and ‘pick his brain’ about some of his projects.
You seem to not just cope with your climate extremes, but excel, even with cold sensitive plants like Aechmea chantinii. How do you grow your plants so well?
Well, the summers are terrific! July temperatures average 29ºC during the day, with lows of 17ºC. My collection gets a vacation outdoors in a shadehouse during our frost-free growing season from early May until early October. Winter is quite a different story here. Even though my home is just north of 42 degrees N. latitude, temperatures are far colder than what is experienced at similar latitudes in New Zealand. January’s average high is -1ºC, with night time lows typically about -9ºC. It’s not unusual for us to experience 4 or 5 nights each year where temperatures plummet to -20ºC, or even colder! I have a greenhouse attached to my home where most of my plants spend the winter months, so I am able to provide enough heat to keep most of the tender tropical species relatively happy. Here in the Great Lakes region, the real challenge to winter growing in this area is not so much the cold temperatures, but the lake effect clouds that develop during the winter. It’s not unusual to experience a six week period during December and January where we just don’t see the sun, or at best it puts in a rare appearance.
Neo’s seem to be your plant of choice when it comes to hybridising, what is it about this genus that has caught your attention?
It’s mostly about opportunity. Many neo’s have overlapping periods of bloom, and they’re in bloom for a relatively long time (compared to billbergias, at least).
They are also relatively quick to grow from seed to flower. I have dabbled with a number of other genera, like billbergias and orthophytums which are easy and fun to grow. I’ve produced a few interesting aechmeas as well, but the verdict hasn’t yet been returned as to whether I’ll register them, or not. I’ve registered a few vrieseas, and had one come into bloom last year that has just been registered as Vriesea ‘Golden Starburst’.
Where do you see the future of bromeliad hybridising?
Who could foresee twenty years ago what we are experiencing now? It seems that we are seeing improvements with each new generation of hybrids, particularly with regards to colour contrasts, intensity of colour, and size of inflorescence. I really admire many of Lisa Vinzant’s recent neoregelia hybrids. I am also excited to see some of the foliage vriesea hybrids being created by the Maloy’s and others in NZ, as I think these foliage vrieseas deserve to be grown here far more than they are.
Cont’d P15


Paul Wingert…


Paul Wingert in his shade house. Photo courtesyof Sandie Parrott. www.SandieParrott.com 


Vriesea ‘Fireworks’ x ‘Poelmanii’ Vriesea ‘Golden Starburst’
13

Paul Wingert…
Neoregelia ‘B.B.’s Beauty’ MA

Aechmea chantini ‘Black’
Orthophytum [lemei x gurkenii]x gurkenii

Neoregelia ‘Obesession’ =
Neo. ‘Gespacho’ x ‘Merry-Go-Round’

Neoregelia ‘Checkerboard’

Cont’d from P12 – Paul Wingert… hybridising in climatic extremes

Can you share your hybridisingphilosophy with us?
Have fun! When I start a new hybrid, the greenhouse is already full, so it’s necessary to be selective and I’m continually having to make choices about the plants that I keep. I’m lucky if I have 10% of a grex grow to blooming size. From that point, the choices get increasingly difficult, but in many ways, it is the most interesting part of the whole process. I try to use the following criteria in evaluating the plants that remain:
1. Uniqueness; 2. Vigour; 3. Colour;
4. Form; 5. Characteristics which set it apart from similar hybrids;
6. Filling a niche. Finally, two questions: Did the results meet (or exceed!) my expectations? And, will I be happy to have this plant in my collection for the next twenty years? If the answer to both questions is ‘Yes’, then I start thinking about finding a suitable name and registering the hybrid with the BSI.


What tips, or advice would you give to someone wanting to get into hybridising?
Don’t be intimidated by what you see other hybridists creating. Pick plants that you already enjoy, and don’t be afraid to experiment. Take good notes, and tag flowers carefully, as there’s nothing more frustrating than having a berry or seed capsule develop, and not remembering where the pollen came from! To sum it up, just enjoy the process!
Thanks Paul, you’ve proven that with determination, and dedication, climate does not have to be a barrier to producing great hybrids. I look forward to seeing many more of your bromeliad creations.

To see more of Paul’s plants, visit his web site:
http://sites.google.com/site/paulsbroms/Home

OFFICERS


Patron: Patricia Sweeney Committee: Graeme Barclay 09-835 0358 President: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272 Don Brown 09-361 6175 Vice Presidents: Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451 David Cowie 09-630 8220 Secretary: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671 Chris Paterson 09-625 6707 Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616 Cultivar Registrar: Barry Uren 09-235 5244 Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114 Species Preservation: Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt, Barry Uren 09-235 5244
Len Trotman, Patricia Sweeney, Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366 Peter Waters Auditor: Colin Gosse Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616

MEMBERSHIP SUBSCRIPTION
New Zealand:

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00 discount if paid before the end of February). Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00 ($5.00 discount also applies as above).

Overseas:

AUD $30.00 Australia, US $30.00 United States and other overseas countries. Send all payments to the Treasurer, Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012.

CORRESPONDENCE

All general correspondence should be sent to the Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,
P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland, New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters or articles in the Journal are the contributors’ own views and do not necessarily express the views or policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc.


BROMELIAD JOURNAL
Deadline:
For all editorial and advertising, the first Tuesday of publication month

Editorial Committee
Dave Anderson Murray Mathieson Peter Waters

Regular Writers
Andrew Devonshire Graeme Barclay John and Agatha Lambert

Production
Murray Mathieson

Distribution
Dave Anderson All enquiries and contributions welcome, please contact any member of the editorial committee or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012 or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Display Advertising
Rates are: Full Page $60.00 Half Page $30.00 Quarter Page $15.00

‘Buy & Swap’
Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for members of the Society (max. 30 words). For advertising enquiries and material, please contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366 or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Group News

Far North Bromeliad Group
– Erin Titmus
December: ‘Christmas in the Park’ took on a new meaning for our December meeting at Rex and Colleen Pyne’s garden. We enjoyed a superb meal in the morning shade on the front lawn and later moved down under the large specimen trees for our meeting. Santa Rex met us at our cars to take our broms in the appropriately red ‘sleigh’ trailer, but it seems that Rudolf has Sundays off and a sturdy yellow Yardman had taken his place.
Peter and Pam Scahill told us how they were made welcome by Bob and Lynn Hudson at the Cairns Bromeliad Society and of their enjoyment of local gardens. We learned that a dreaded black spot affects the outside leaves of many bromeliads throughout Australia and we inwardly thanked NZ’s biosecurity that we do not have to contend with this on our plants.
‘Show and Tell’ featured genera from the letters B-C: examples of billbergia, bromelia, canistropsis, cryptanthus and cryptbergia were displayed and promoted lively discussion on the habits and growing hints for success with each one.
The ‘skite table’ proved popular and we were treated to seeing more spectacular Avon Ryan neos. including a mystery plant that turned out to be Puya venusta and Tillandsia leiboldiana in flower.
The multi-draw raffle was strongly supported and the group thanked Poppy for her generous supply of prime plants.
We enjoyed a last-minute invitation to visit Mike Dodd’s garden after the meeting where massed red-leaved neoregelia, Alcantarea ‘Ajax’ and A. vinicolor in flower were providing a spectacular display.
January: Members from Houhora to Whangarei made our annual trip to the very far north to meet at Jacqui O’Connell and Kevin Butler’s stunning garden, Aloe Aloe, high on a plateau overlooking Shipwreck Bay in the distance. The planting has matured magnificently since last year and Kevin has put in rocked terraces (by hand) on the slope down to the large duck pond. Chinese windmill palms with massed hibiscus feature on the top level, queen palms with vireyas on the next and finally a mixed green shrubby planting with a number of very large bromeliads to add colour on the slope down from the access path. ‘The stable’ seated shade area overlooks the pond and bridge and Jacqui has innovatively used an old large dinghy to house her collection of sarracenia. We enjoyed meandering to take in the sculptures and mosaic works.
Some members had visited Lorraine Burke’s garden en route where bromeliads growing outdoors showed a healthy glow that many of us would envy on our indoor plants. Lorraine’s garden has been opened up since our last visit with the removal of some of the larger trees and she is adapting the bromeliad displays to cope with their new environs of less shade.
‘Show and Tell’ featured genera from the letters D-H: Dyckia, Edmundoa, Fascicularia, Fosterella, Guzmania

Cont’d P18 17 Cont’d from P17 – Group News
and a Hylaeaicum were displayed. Most genera were the ‘pricklies’ (from the subfamily Pitcairnioideae).” The showiest genus of the day, Guzmania, was well represented. We discussed how plants originally from the supermarket need to be given time to recover from their first generation of forced flowering.
Next Meeting: February we meet at Ian and Elaine Wright’s, Kapiro Road, Kerikeri. Visitors welcome – please contact Poppy on 09 407 9183 for details.


Northland Bromeliad Group
– Lois Going
After having to cancel our first meeting for the new year because of the weather, we were rewarded with a beautiful day and a good attendance on Anniversary Weekend at Iris and Colin Symonds’ home in Kamo. Members who had gardens visited by the South Auckland Group were presented with a DVD and were appreciative. The excellent article in the Bromeliad Journal about the Quarry Gardens’ bromeliads was discussed and Iris asked if any members could help with the maintenance.
‘Show and Tell’ results were 1st Jan Mahoney with Vriesea ‘Nova Queen’, 2nd Sandra Wheeler with a multi-stemmed unnamed neoregelia and 3rd Joy Barnes with a Vriesea ‘Tasman’ hybrid. Mac brought along three nidulariums. During afternoon tea Colin showed a DVD of the Brisbane conference and then we wandered around the attractive garden with immaculately groomed groups of bromeliads, towers of tillandsias and greenhouses with orchids, as well as shrubs and perennials and a striking brachychiton tree in full flower at the entrance.
Next Meeting: Sunday 27th February at 1.30pm., visiting Gordon Marsh’s garden at Maungakaramea followed by the meeting at Maureen Green’s nearby.

South Auckland Bromeliad Group
– Marion Morton
Our first meeting of the year was a great success with a full turnout at the home of John Mitchell and Birgit Rhode. Eighteen months ago their garden was devastated by the frost and they lost a considerable number of their treasured plants and palms. The garden now is a delight with a great variety of bromeliads, and many different kinds of succulents, grasses, perennials and annuals. A central focus was a well established cactus which had almost finished flowering but apparently had previously been covered in flowers. John is into hybridizing and we were intrigued by his method of keeping track of which seed pods had been pollinated using coloured paper clips. His shade house is full of beautiful bromeliads and everywhere you looked in the garden there was something different to see. Graham West thanked them for opening up their garden to us and also Andrew Maloy for bringing along his vrieseas. Graham also thanked Margaret and Robert Flanagan for hosting us in December.
Our Whakatane trip is set down for 12th-13th March. There are a few seats left on the bus so anyone interested should contact Margaret Kitcher; cost is $105 per person for the bus and motel accommodation, and members can buy their dinner at the Slippers Restaurant. Graham reminded members to sign the register at each meeting or they will miss out on the raffle and the draw for plants, also to wear their badges. The raffles were won by Jenny Gallagher, Cara Lisa Schloot and Joyce Fox.
Next Meeting: Sunday 6th March at 1.30pm at Pat Lawson’s, 30 Swan Crescent, Pakuranga. After our meeting, plant sales and raffle we will proceed to Madeleine and John Yolland’s at 7 Riverina Avenue, Pakuranga.

Bay of Plenty Bromeliad Group
– Jo Elder
Our March meeting will be held at the TYPB Clubrooms 9th March 2011 12.30pm. Our (short) AGM will be held at the beginning of the afternoon. and then we will continue with our general meeting.
Our speaker will be Andrew Maloy, his topic ‘Vrieseas’. Andrew hybridizes beautiful vriesea plants; he will have many plants for sale and will be able to answer your questions. Don’t miss this!
Plant of the Month: Vriesea. Garden visits for March 16th begin at 10am.
1. Sharon Foxon, 37 Te Hono St, Maungatapu; 2. Margaret Washer, 30 Te Wati St, Maungatapu; 3. Anne Stacey, 27 Te Wati St, Maungatapu

Hawke’s Bay Bromeliad Group
– Judy Newman
Our normal meeting date had to be cancelled because of very heavy rain so we were delighted when the next Sunday dawned nice and fine. We started off at Helen Garland’s garden at Haumoana, keen to see where she was planting all the dozens of bromeliads that she has bought on trips! On a relatively small section they were there among all sorts of other treasures, some of which I have not seen for years. Unfortunately Helen herself was in hospital but she was keen for us to have a look.
We then headed back towards the village to visit Margaret Price. We saw the front garden, which was not a very big area with mainly roses but then when we went around the back and what a surprise. A very large garden, again with lots of treasures and a very big area devoted to vegetables. Margaret is a new member so is only starting her collection of broms. She told us that she does all the garden herself, including the lawns. Left us feeling exhausted.
Our trip to Tauranga was discussed and everyone was disappointed to hear that our wonderful bus driver will not be available that weekend. Anna also talked of the combined plant societies’ open garden day in March where we will have a display and sell plants.


Competition Results:
Neoregelia: 1st Neoregelia ‘Medallion’

Wade Smith; 2nd Neoregelia ‘Bullseye’


Judy Newman; 3rd Neoregelia ‘Peppermint Twist’ – Julie Greenhill

Miniatures/small: 1st Neoregelia ‘Babe’


Julie Greenhill; 2nd equal Neoregelia ampullacea x punctatissima – Margaret Bluck and Cryptanthus bivitattus – Judy Newman; 3rd Tillandsia capitata ‘Yellow Rose’– Noel Newman

Other Species: 1st Vriesea fenestralis – Margaret Bluck; 2nd Vriesea ‘Komet’


Julie Greenhill; 3rd xNeophytum ‘Burgundy Hill’ – Judy Newman


Next Meeting: 27th February. Visits to members’ gardens.


‘Surviving’ cyclone Yasi in Cairns

W
e’re sure all our members and readers have been concerned about the welfare of our bromeliad friends in Cairns. The monster category five cyclone Yasi hit on the night of February 2. It crossed the coast at Mission Beach between Cairns and Townsville with estimated wind gusts of 285 kilometres an hour. Cairns itself escaped major structural damage but there has obviously been widespread and serious damage to all vegetation.
Dave Anderson was in touch with Lynn Hudson of the Cairns bromeliad society very quickly to express our New Zealand concern and this is what Lynn had to say about Yasi…


 

2011 Bromeliad


A few words say it all
– Photo by Andrew Devonshire
S

aturday morning 9.00am and the hype was on. Members checking out their show plants in anticipation of that elusive major prize on the trophy table. This year those prizes were well shared amongst the exhibitors. What a show… what colour… absolutely fantastic!
Amazing quality of plants…and it seems to get better each year. There are more plants on the New Zealand hybridizers table each year.
Actually, my intention isn’t to rave on about the show, but to personally thank all those members who donated plants for the conference table. Because of your generosity the table was a great success which returned over $1,000. This will go towards our ‘Cool Broms’ conference in 2013.
Well done everyone.
Totara Pete

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc
Bromeliad Journal – March 2011 issue


CONTENTS 
President’s Page – Jocelyn Coyle  4 
Bromeliad Society February meeting news – Dave Anderson  5 
Society March garden rambles  6 
Fiesta 2011 – trophy and class winners photos… photos …colour  7 
Good advice for new collectors – John Catlan  11 
Flower induction and inhibition in bromeliads – Peter Paroz  12 
Andrew Steens… a hybridiser revisited – Andrew Devonshire  13 
Pollinating neoregelias – JAGA  16 
Society officers, subs and Journal directory  19 
Group News  20 
More Fiesta colour – Andrew Devonshire  24 

The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand
COMING EVENTS

Please see the Group News section starting on page 20 for details, venues and times
of group meetings.
MARCH 20th Society garden rambles in Auckland
– see page 6 for details. 22nd Society AGM and monthly meeting at Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm. Monthly choice competition: Billbergias. John Lambert will show a DVD on his recent visit to Mt Coot-tha botanic gardens in Brisbane. 27th Northland Group meeting


APRIL
3rd South Auckland Group meeting 13th Bay of Plenty Group meeting 17th Eastern BOP Group meeting 26th Society monthly meeting at Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm. Monthly choice competition: Aechmea orlandiana and cultivars. There will be a panel discussion on getting plants ready for winter and a short talk on genera starting with the letter ‘A’ (We’ll be focusing on the ‘obscure’ genera, not aechmea.)

FRONT COVER: Fiesta 2011 was a personal triumph for Poppy Fuller from the Far North, when she scored the most points overall in the show. It’s fitting that we feature Poppy’s beautiful Neoregelia ‘Yin’ on our cover – this plant was first in the extremely competitive Neoregelia Foliage class. Photo by Andrew Devonshire. See back cover for more of Poppy’s great plants.

PRESIDENT’S PAGE

I
would like to welcome all our new members who have just joined the Society, I hope you enjoy the Journal and can attend our monthly meetings. Don’t be shy – just ask if you need to know anything. We were all new members once.
We have just had another successful Fiesta despite the hot summer that has been a bit harsh on some of our plants The show plants and arrangements on the tables were just great and even seem to be getting better each year. (Even the Aussies that were here were impressed!). The trophy for most points has left Auckland and gone north to Poppy Fuller. She says she will be back next year to ‘wipe the pants off us again’. Watch out Poppy, the challenge is on.
A huge thanks to our committee, and the many helpers who put in the time and effort to make this a smoothing running and successful Fiesta. Over $7,000 profit was made and this helps us to cover our expenses for the year and be able to produce an interesting and colourful Journal.
Aspecial thanks to Andrew Devonshire who has produced all the excellent colour photos from the Fiesta for printing in this issue.
At our February monthly meeting Nigel Thomson gave a wonderful talk and presentation of his experiences with bromeliads and life ‘Out of Africa’ to Australia. Many thanks Nigel and we will expect another one when you come back to NZ.
Our March 22 meeting is our AGM. Come on, don’t think ‘how boring’. I am sure we will get through that part of the meeting pretty quick. The current committee are all prepared to stand again, but we are always looking for new blood to join us and nomination forms will be available on the night. There will be the presentation of show trophies from the Fiesta and John and Agatha Lambert will be showing us a video of highlights from their visit to Mt Coot-tha Botanic gardens in Brisbane (see the article and photos in February Journal).
In April a few members from NZ will be heading across the Tasman to attend the bromeliad conference ‘Broms on Arafura’ to be held in Darwin. I have spent time in Darwin and know what the weather can be like so hope it’s not too hot while we are there.
Don’t forget our garden ramble this Sunday 20th March, all details are on page 6. I hope to see you then or on Tuesday night 22nd March at our AGM.
Jocelyn

Bromeliad Society February Meeting News – Dave Anderson
J
ocelyn welcomed everyone including many prospective members who had come along after the Fiesta that was held the previous weekend. Jocelyn thanked those members who had worked at the Fiesta. Peter Waters said that plant sales were about the same as last year; plant prices were lower but there were more plants sold and door entries were up 11%.
Peter Waters once again took us through the Show and Tell plants. A plant wanting a name was first up that Peter identified as Aechmea comata var makoyana a lovely albomarginated species which always sets pups that are a most attractive pink. Unfortunately the pink colouration disappears as the plant matures, however it still remains an attractive plant. Next Peter had a plant flowering for the first time in NZ namely Neoregelia sanguinea. This medium sized plant has green leaves that develop a beautiful red centre when in flower. It is closely related to the species Neoregelia macwilliamsii and compacta but is not stoloniferous as these latter species are. A Tillandsia yunckeri with a flower spike some 300mm high was brought in for display with the owner saying that he had waited six years for it to flower. The leaves on the plant virtually changed colour from green to red overnight. Wanting a name was the species Vriesea flammea that has white flowers. This plant is not to be confused with the hybrid vriesea that has been in NZ for some decades masquerading under the same name. The latter plant has yellow flowers. Next for display another of Skotak’s hybrids Neoregelia ‘Dorothy’
– as Tropiflora said, “A beautifully marginated cross of concentrica grown into a massive specimen – boldly albomarginated leaves heavily marked with dark purplish brown blotches and banding –”. Lastly two forms of Aechmea nudicaulis var aequalis that have been in NZ for a number of years. The name aequalis refers to the scape bracts being of almost equal length and spaced evenly along the scape cf. other varieties and forms of nudicaulis where the scape bracts are bunched below the inflorescence. The two forms shown here (var aequalis) had different coloured leaves with the one with the green leaves and silver banding incorrectly named as the cv ‘Silver Streak’. Please refer to Baensch’s book for the true ‘Silver Streak’ and note the scape bracts under the inflorescence!
Jesse Liley won the special raffle prize. This month the door prizes went to Peter Coyle, Genneth Marshall-Inman, and John Mitchell.
COMPETITIONS
Open Flowering: First was John Mitchell, with x Hohenmea ‘Karamea Shannara’ that had most attractive pinkish/red leaves – a plant that had come from Maureen Green. Second was David Goss with Aechmea pectinata – always a beautiful plant when in flower with its rosy leaves and deservingly won plant of the month. Also in the competition were
Cont’d P6 Cont’d from P5 – February Meeting News
Neoregelia ‘Chili Verde’, ‘Bills Gift’, ‘Garnish’, ‘Bird Rock’ and Vriesea ospinae var ospinae. Open Foliage: Peter Coyle was first with Quesnelia ‘Tim Plowman’ – a much sought after species that people like to grow into clumps. Second was Don Brown with a Vriesea ‘Vistarella’ that has a stunning pink colouration to the leaves when grown in high light. In the competition were Aechmea orlandiana ‘Ensign’; Neoregelia cruenta x concentrica, ‘Painted Delight’ and Quesnelia ‘Tim Plowman’. Tillandsia: David Anderson’s Tillandsia ‘Creation’ was first with second going to John Mitchell’s Tillandsia multicaulis. There were also on the table Tillandsia caput-medusae, cardenasii, fasciculata, filifolia, flabellata, latifolia, multicaulis, hondurensis, mallemontii, reichenbachii, tectorum and ‘Victoria’. Neoregelia: First was Peter Coyle with Neoregelia ‘Tartan Princess’ and Peter Waters was second with Neoregelia ‘Velox’. In the competition were Neoregelia ‘Felix’, ‘Blushing Tiger’ x ‘Norman Bates’, ‘Rise & Shine’, ‘Gunpowder’, ‘Aussie Dream Glorious’ and ‘Yellow King’. ‘Black Knight’, ‘Christmas Cheer’, ‘Manoa Beauty’, ‘Painted Delight’, ‘Rosy Morn’ and ‘Yellow Delight’.
Plant of the month – Neoregelia concentrica hybrids: First was Peter Coyle with Neoregelia ‘Roseo Striata ‘ x concentrica whilst second went to Chris Paterson with Neoregelia ‘Meyendorffii’ (albomarginata). In the competition were Neoregelia ‘Lorena’, ‘Termite’, ‘Skotak #1’ and ‘King of Kings’.
The Plant of the Month went to David Goss with Aechmea pectinata. Congratulations to all the winners.
NEXT MEETING: AGM followed by the General Meeting on Tuesday 22nd March.
NB The 22nd of March is the 4th but not the last Tuesday in March.


2011 Bromeliad

2011 ANNUAL SHOW TROPHY WINNERS


Best Aechmea Peter Coyle (Aechmea orlandiana ‘Ensign’)
Best Billbergia Judy Graham (Billbergia vittata ‘Domingos Martins’)
Best Guzmania Bev Ching (Guzmania ‘Amaranth’)
Best Neoregelia Peter Coyle (Neoregelia ‘Chili Verde’)
Best Tillandsia Lynette Nash (Tillandsia duratii)
Best Vriesea Rhonda Maloy (Vriesea ‘Waihi Dawn’)
Best Bromeliad Arrangement Poppy Fuller
Best Artistic Arrangement Peter Waters
Most Points of the Show Poppy Fuller
Champion of the Show Lynette Nash (Tillandsia duratii)


2011 ANNUAL SHOW CLASS WINNERS
Class 1 – Aechmea BloomingClass 5 – Guzmania
1st Poppy Fuller Aechmea fasciata 1st Bev Ching Guzmania ‘Amaranth’
(variegated) 2nd Bev Ching Guzmania danielii x 2nd Judy Graham Aechmea ‘Madge’ ‘Peacockii’ 3rd Judy Graham Aechmea caudata 3rd Peter Waters Guzmania danielii x
‘Melanocrater’ ‘Peacockii’

Class 2 – Aechmea FoliageClass 6 – Bromeliad Species
1st Peter Coyle Aechmea orlandiana 1st Poppy Fuller Aechmea haltonii ‘Ensign’ 2nd Peter Waters Aechmea correia-araujoi 2nd Peter Waters Aechmea nudicaulis var 3rd Peter Coyle Quesnelia marmorata capitata ‘Tim Plowman’ 3rd Agatha Lambert Aechmea bromeliifolia (rubra) Class 7 – Neoregelia Blooming
1st Peter Coyle Neoregelia ‘Chile Verde’ Class 3 – Billbergia2nd Jocelyn Coyle Neoregelia ‘Bird Rock’ 1st Judy Graham Billbergia vittata 3rd Poppy Fuller Neoregelia ‘Red
‘Domingos Martins’ Romance’ 2nd Alan Cliffe Billbergia ‘Envy’ 3rd Peter Waters Billbergia ‘Domingos Class 8 – Neoregelia Foliage
Martins’ x ‘Sangre’ 1st Poppy Fuller Neoregelia ‘Yin’
2nd Peter Coyle Neoregelia ‘Painted Class 4 – CryptanthusDelight’ 1st Luen Jones Cryptanthus ‘Zebrinus’ 3rd Peter Waters Neoregelia ‘Blushing 2nd Luen Jones Cryptanthus ‘Arlety’ Tiger’ x ‘Norman Bates’ 3rd Lester Ching Cryptanthus ‘Glad’
Class 9 – Nidularium
1st Poppy Fuller Nidularium fulgens 2nd Peter Waters Nidularium altimontanum 3rd Judy Graham Nidularium rutilans
Cont’d P8 Cont’d from P7 – 2011 Annual Show Class Winners
Class 10 – Tillandsia Small Blooming
1st Lester Ching Tillandsia mallemontii 2nd Lynette Nash Tillandsia mallemontii 3rd Win Shorrock Tillandsia kammii
Class 11 – Tillandsia Small Foliage
1st Lynette Nash Tillandsia ionantha ‘Druid’ 2nd Peter Coyle Tillandsia mauryana 3rd Bev Ching Tillandsia ionantha
Class 14 – Tillandsia Large Blooming
1st Bev Ching Tillandsia straminea 2nd Lynette Nash Tillandsia disticha ‘Major’ 3rd Peter Waters Tillandsia rotundata
Class 15 – Tillandsia Large Foliage
1st Lynette Nash Tillandsia duratii 2nd Poppy Fuller Tillandsia ‘Boozer-Pitt’ 3rd Win Shorrock Tillandsia tectorum
Class 16 – Vriesea Blooming
1st Poppy Fuller Vriesea racinae 2nd Peter Waters Vriesea racinae 3rd David Goss Vriesea ‘Sunset’
Class 17 – Vriesea Foliage
1st Rhonda Maloy Vriesea ‘Chestnut Rose’ 2nd Andrew Maloy Vriesea ‘Chestnut Snow’ 3rd Rhonda Maloy Vriesea ‘Lime Sundae’
Class 18 – Bigeneric or otherunlisted genus
1st Andrew Devonshire
Dyckia marnier-lapostollei
x ‘Charlot’ (silver) 2nd Andrew Devonshire
Dyckia marnier-lapostollei
x ‘Charlot’ (dark) 3rd Lester Ching Quesnelia marmorata ‘Tim Plowman’
Class 19 – Miniature bromeliad
1st Andrew Devonshire Neoregelia ‘Golden Pheasant’
2nd Peter Coyle Neoregelia ‘Cougar’ 3rd Andrew Devonshire Neoregelia ‘Phoenix’
Class 20 – Variegated bromeliad
1st Jocelyn Coyle Neoregelia johannis ‘De Rolf’ 2nd Jocelyn Coyle Neoregelia ‘Tartan Princess’ 3rd Peter Waters Vriesea ‘Highway Beauty’ (albomarginated)
Class 22 – Novice Foliage
1st Cara Lisa Schloots Dyckia ‘Icicle’ 2nd Cara Lisa Schloots
Aechmea nudicaulis var cuspidata
Class 23 – Dish or tray garden ornovelty planting
1st Judy Graham 2nd Poppy Fuller 3rd Lynette Nash
Class 24 – Bromeliad arrangement
1st Poppy Fuller 2nd Peter Waters 3rd Lynette Nash
Class 25 – Artistic or floral arrangement
1st Peter Waters 2nd Peter Waters 3rd Lynette Nash
Class 26 – Decorative container
1st Poppy Fuller Neoregelia kautskyi 2nd Lynette Nash Dyckia marnierlapostollei 3rd Becky Cavit Neoregelia lilliputiana
Class 27 – Hanging container
1st Andrew Devonshire
Neoregelia ‘Ritzy Tiger’ 2nd Glenys Guild Neoregelia ‘Pepper’ 3rd Peter Waters Neoregelia ‘Tiger Cub’ x
Class 28 – New Zealand Hybrid
=1st Andrew Devonshire Neoregelia ‘Golden Pheasant’ (A Devonshire)
=1st Rhonda Maloy Vriesea ‘Waihi Dawn’ (A Maloy) 3rd Andrew Maloy Vriesea ‘Chestnut Lime’ (A Maloy)
Class 29 – Original Bromeliad Artwork
=1st Noelene Ritson =1st Peter Waters 3rd Tony Mooney
Class 30 – Educational Display
1st Graeme Barclay


2011 Bromeliad

Photos by Andrew Devonshire


First in Neoregelia Blooming class and ‘Best Neoregelia of the Show’. Peter Coyle with Neoregelia ‘Chile Verde’.
‘Best Tillandsia’ and overall ‘Champion of the Show’. Lynette Nash with Tillandsia duratii.

‘Best Guzmania of the Show’. Bev Ching with First in Cryptanthus class. Luen Jones with Guzmania ‘Amaranth’. Cryptanthus ‘Zebrinus’.


First in Tillandsia Small Foliage class. Lynette Nash with Tillandsia ionantha ‘Druid’.


Good advice for new collectors
– John Catlan. This article is reprinted from John Catlan’s informative little booklet, ‘Bromeliads under the Mango Tree’. John and Genny Catlan have a nursery on the Gold Coast, at Jacob’s Well. The booklet is a compilation of lots of good, practical advice, based on notes prepared by John over many years for ‘Bromlink’, the newsletter of the gold coast Succulent and Bromeliad Society.
M
oney spent on the most expensive plants will not guarantee you the Gems of the Bromeliad World.
There are many ways of building up your collection but for the new converts to bromeliads, your first step is (usually) to race out and buy every different plant you can lay your hands on. When you have got this phase of collecting out of your system, stop and organise your bromeliad attack.


Evaluate what group of bromeliads are doing best for you and for a while concentrate on buying interesting plants that belong to this group.


If other types of bromeliads take your fancy, go read up on them. Go and see collections of these plants then try a few.


Make up two lists – first the plants ‘I must have’ and second ‘plants I would like to have’. Then take your lists to someone in your area who can point you in the right direction, someone who knows bromeliad growers and who goes to shows and collections.

The most important point of all. The most common plant if grown well will be a joy to own. The most rare and ‘best plant’ in the world if it looks like it is one step away from the compost heap will be very discouraging. Get out and ask at least three of the fanatical growers about your problem plant, then select your best option.


Learn to present your plants to the best effect within your collection


– landscaping, multi-planted in a pot, mounted, or as a hanging basket etc.
Taking home new plants.
Use broccoli boxes to carry plants home because they have no holes and therefore do not leak water all over your vehicle. When you place plants in your car boot, cover them with layers of newspaper to stop radiant heat from your boot lid burning the plants. If you’re in a hurry when you get home, stand the bromeliad pups loosely and upright in empty pots. Water well making sure the cups are full, then store in a very shady position until you’re ready to pot them up. These watering and holding instructions do not apply to grey leafed tillandsias. They will require a bright airy position and will do best if they are dry by sundown.


Flower induction and inhibition
in bromeliads – Peter R. Paroz
Reprinted from Bromeliad Society of Queensland ‘Bromeliaceae’ May/June 2010. (The article first published in ‘Bromeliaceae’ in September/October 1995. There are a number of references to recent studies, those should be read bearing in mind that the article was written in 1996).
O
ne of the unusual attributes of bromeliads is that they can be induced to flower by chemical agents. The earliest references mention the practice of using smoke from fires to induce flowering in green-house grown pineapples in the Azores Islands. In 1932, Rodriquez showed that it was the ethylene component of the smoke which was the active agent. Since then there have been many investigations into other active materials. There are numerous references in the BSI Journal to the use of A.N.A, Ethepon, and B.O.H for bromeliad flower induction. In commercial pineapple culture, A.H.A and Ethrel are used to induce flowering in the cultivars of Ananas comosus.
The usefulness of this procedure was limited because flowering could be induced, but there was no way to inhibit the natural flowering of the plant in a manner which allowed flower induction at a later time. In pineapples, A.N.A, which induces flowering at 10 ppm, effectively inhibits flowering at 100 ppm. and the duration of the inhibition is unpredictable and uncontrollable. Research has shown that the internally produced ethylene is the active agent which triggers the flowering mechanism.
Recent studies identified the biochemical pathways which produce this endogenous Ethylene. A recent paper by DeProft demonstrates the potential value of this new information, The test plants were one-year old seedlings of Guzmania lingulata var minor which were treated by pouring 10 ml of the solution, at the concentration nominated into the centre of the plants, and observed, in part for the first time to flower open and the number of plants which flowered. The results showed the complete inhibition of flowering by AVG and the induction or restoration of flowering by AVG. It also showed the substantial reduction in the spread of flowering in the treated plants.
The research results have implications for the hobbyist, the nurseryman or pineapple farmer because there is the potential to grow plants for flowering to a tight and predictable schedule.
March 22nd is our Annual General Meeting – followed of course by our normal monthly meeting. Put a note in your diary now. This is your chance to get more involved in your Society – have your say ask some questions – make some constructive suggestions – even put your name forward for the committee. We’re always looking for fresh faces and new ideas. Meeting time is 7.30pm at Greyfriars Hall in Mt Eden.


Andrew Steens… a hybridiser revisited

– Andrew Devonshire

A
ndrew Steens is a qualified horticulturalist, an author, and a fanatical bromeliad grower whose ‘Exotica’ hybrids can be found in many bromeliad collections, both here and overseas. Andrew has recently completed a major rewrite of his first book ‘Bromeliads for the Contemporary Garden’, which sold 20,000 copies throughout the world. That book is widely recognised as one of the best bromeliad books, but it goes back to 2003 and Andrew says there have been a lot of changes since then. The rewrite adds a number of species and cultivars, many of the original photos have been replaced, and about another 180 have been added.
With his book being released in New Zealand this March it seemed a good time to ask Andrew a few questions.
Have plants been a lifelong interest?
Yes. I was 5 when I started growing plants in my mother’s garden and by my early teens I had bought a small greenhouse with money earned from my paper rounds. From the start I had a fascination with tropical plants and foliage plants in particular, although over the years I have grown just about every type of plant I could get my hands on. My interest goes in cycles, at the moment I am a bit fanatical about fruit trees and veggies, but it only takes a new plant to set me off in a different direction. I’m definitely not a plant snob!
When did bromeliads first catch your attention?
The first bromeliad I noticed was an Aechmea ‘Royal Wine’ in 1978 at my grandmother’s house. I was only 13, and, noticing my interest,I was given a pup from this plant. At that time bromeliads were still largely unknown in Mt Maunganui and my collection grew very slowly at the rate of about one variety every six months or so. It was not until I happened upon mail order lists from the likes of Len Trotman and Maureen Green that my collection started to grow.
How long have you been growing bromeliads from seed?
In the early 1980s I became a member of the BSNZ. I was still only a teenager at the time, but within a short while I was looking to expand my collection with seed from the seed list. I recall my first success was with Acanthostachys strobilacea, which was very easy to grow. However it wasn’t till I started growing bromeliads as a business in the late 1990s that I started growing from seed seriously. I grew many thousands of bromeliads from seed, imported from South America or harvested from my own plants.
A special seed room was set up for this, with mylar covered walls, mist irrigation and racks of seed trays lit with artificial lighting. Germination rates from fresh seed were usually pretty good, but occasionally we lost quite a few seedlings from algae growth, until we learned how to control
Cont’d P14 13 Cont’d from P13 – Andrew Steens… hybridsiser revisited

this. Looking back, the quantities grown were substantial, for example we would do batches of 2–3,000 Vriesea hieroglyphica at a time.
You’ve developed some stunning hybrids, can you tell me how you got into breeding bromeliads, and who has been your biggest influence?
I came to breeding bromeliads almost by accident. Some of the seed that came from Brazil were labelled as various species, but once these were grown on it became apparent that the plants were probably of hybrid origin and were quite different to the hybrids that we were used to in NZ. In particular there were a number of huge, brightly coloured and red striped hybrids that obviously had Neo. johannis as one of the parents, some of these even had vibrantly coloured centres at flowering time. There were also some particularly well coloured Neo. carolinae hybrids. Once I had realised this, I also realised that I had a line of genetics that I could use to cross over just about any other neoregelia to form a whole new range of hybrids, different to what other breeders were producing.
Gerry Stansfield has been my biggest influence. He was very generous with his knowledge and I used to love talking at length with him about bromeliads. One of my biggest regrets is not having had the time to spend more hours with him and his bromeliads before he passed away. His knowledge of hybridising was quite encyclopaedic and had a depth to it that was almost without parallel.

What is it about these amazing plants that inspires you, and what are some of your favourite bromeliads?
The form and colouring of bromeliads just seems to trigger something in my brain. For some reason I just can’t get them out of my system, despite chopping and changing plant likes over the decades. I still get a thrill from seeing a beautifully grown bromeliad or a well set out garden of them. Neoregelias have the most variation in size, leaf colour and patterning out of all the bromeliads and I love the way they ‘glow’ in the garden. Neoregelia ‘Lambert’s Pride’ has been an excellent parent, giving some great patterning and colours to its progeny. I must admit I like the large neos a lot, like Neoregelia johannis, although they do take up a lot of room. Other than neos, aechmeas would be my next favourite, with their huge variation in flower colours and types. The tropical looking flowers of Aechmea tessmanii always attracts my attention, as does the huge Aechmea blanchetiana. Alcantarea imperialis (rubra), and Tillandsia guatemalensis plus its closely related species are also near the top of my favourites list… in fact I love all broms, almost without exception.
What advice would you give to anyone thinking of getting into breeding bromeliads?
Do something different, and specialise in a genus or species that others have not done much with, or that have been ignored for a while, then you’ll have a good chance of creating unique hybrids.

Neoregelia ‘Exotica Poison’
Andrew Steens…
Neoregelia ‘Exotica Pink Panther’
Neoregelia ‘Exotica Hot Pants’
Neoregelia ‘Exotica Limelight’


Neoregelia ‘Exotica Tinkerbelle’ Neoregelia ‘Exotica Leprechaun’
15

Pollinating neoregelias – Article and photos by JAGA

A little background…
While selling our new seed-grown plants at the Fiesta last month several interested people asked us how they could make their own. So that got us thinking that we should try and give an overview of the process. Anyone interested can also find a wealth of information on the internet and here is a link to one site: http://forums. gardenweb.com/forums/bromeliad/
then search under pollination.
We are going to do a future article on growing neoregelias from seed soon but to get seed you first have to start by pollinating some plants. This process is very easy and you can make as much seed as you like but be warned each flower can produce as much as 300 or so seed which converts to a lot of plants. Be very selective with what plants you cross, again the internet is a great source, another link, http:// www.fcbs.org/pictures.htm , this site shows most of the registered plants, with photo and the parent’s names. In an extreme example two skinny-leafed mostly green plants will not produce any thing worth keeping and considering the process from inception until you have a nice sized plant can take about 4 years make sure you use good plants. Look at plants that do very well in our conditions, plants that are well coloured, patterned and have good form, and we can’t stress this enough. We have also tried to use a species as one of the parents as this will make stronger plants and mostly these crosses have not been done. Also unless you have had a lot of experience, avoid crossing onto plants that ‘self’. What is meant by this is plants that self seed. Some examples are Neoregelia ‘Break of Day’, ‘Mandela‘, ‘Nelson‘, ‘Clarise‘, ‘Blushing Tiger‘, ‘Marshall’s Select’, ‘Painted Lady’ to name a few. Also don’t bother crossing on to any albo-marginated plants as this will only produce white seedlings that quickly die.


Getting started…
So let’s get into it as the neoregelias are flowering now. You have your two plants selected and they are in flower, make sure the plant vase is drained of water, use a sponge if the plant is planted. Between the time of 9am until about 10.30am the flower for a neo is ready to accept pollen.
Step 1: Using stainless steel tweezers carefully remove the 6 anthers that cover and surround the stigma from the plant to receive pollen, ‘the seed parent‘. (image 1). This can be quite tricky, especially if the flowers are a long way into the plant, practice a few times and only use pollen onto stigmas that are not damaged. The removed anthers contain pollen that can be used to pollinate another plant so if you intend to do this, place them in a container so the wind doesn’t blow them away. If you wish to use them on a plant that hasn’t yet flowered they can be stored by wrapping them with tin foil and placing them in a sealed container in the freezer where they can be stored for up to a year.
Step 2: Completely clean the tweezers so as not to contaminate a plant with the wrong pollen. Remove the anther from the ‘pollen parent’, place it between your forefinger and hold in place with your thumb nail, I apologise for my dirty nail – from potting plants, (image 2). Carefully scape off the pollen onto the end of the tweezers, holding the tweezers tightly closed.
Step 3: With the tweezers still closed use them to place the pollen on the top and sides of the ‘seed parent’ stigma, (image 3). If you are not satisfied repeat this step again and with smaller plants there is not much pollen so you will need to take pollen from several anthers.
Step 4: Carefully label the flower, we use a triangular piece of plastic cut from a yoghurt pot, 30mm long x about 3mm wide at the blunt end. Slide this gently past the stigma into the flower, the petals will close around the label. (image 4). The pollinated seed pods ovaries will swell up after several weeks and when ripe in about 3 months can easily be removed with your fingers. We will endeavour to have some images of this stage in the follow up article. Have fun.


SWAP

I would like to swap some bromeliads for the following plants:
1.
Aechmea orlandiana ‘Ensign’

2.
Neoregelia ‘Fosperior Perfection’

3.
Ananus comosus (variegated)


Please ph. Andy 09 521 5507,
Glendowie, Auckland,
Eastern Suburbs

We will publish Buy or Swap notices from members of the Society. Maximum 30 words. Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or post to: 14 Matanui St, Northcote,North Shore City.

 
PLANTS AVAILABLE NOW 
Neoregelias : ‘Dark Victor’, ‘Johannis’ x ‘Vulkan’, olens x ‘Manoa Beauty’,‘Nerissa’, ‘Camelot’, ‘Gympie Bingo’, ‘Mural’, ‘Jewellery Shop’, ‘Sweet Dreams’, ‘Magic Lantern’, ‘Great Oz’, olens x ‘Lamberts Pride’, ‘Top Marks’, ‘Africa’, ‘Hannibal Lector Clarise’, ‘The Governors Plea’, ‘Screaming Tiger’, ‘Blushing Tiger’. Vriesea ‘Highway Beauty’. Phone (09) 4168272, email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

89 Totara Road,Whenuapai
Please note in your diaries
– the fabulous, popular
‘BROMS IN THE PARK’
will be on again in 2011 on
Sunday 6th November.


OFFICERS


Patron: Patricia Sweeney Committee: Graeme Barclay 09-835 0358 President: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272 Don Brown 09-361 6175 Vice Presidents: Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451 David Cowie 09-630 8220 Secretary: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671 Chris Paterson 09-625 6707 Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616 Cultivar Registrar: Barry Uren 09-235 5244 Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114 Species Preservation: Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt, Barry Uren 09-235 5244
Len Trotman, Patricia Sweeney, Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366 Peter Waters Auditor: Colin Gosse Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616

MEMBERSHIP SUBSCRIPTION
New Zealand:

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00 discount if paid before the end of February). Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00 ($5.00 discount also applies as above).

Overseas:

AUD $30.00 Australia, US $30.00 United States and other overseas countries. Send all payments to the Treasurer, Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012.

CORRESPONDENCE

All general correspondence should be sent to the Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,
P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland, New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters or articles in the Journal are the contributors’ own views and do not necessarily express the views or policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc.


BROMELIAD JOURNAL
Deadline:
For all editorial and advertising, the first Tuesday of publication month

Editorial Committee
Dave Anderson Murray Mathieson Peter Waters

Regular Writers
Andrew Devonshire Graeme Barclay John and Agatha Lambert

Production
Murray Mathieson

Distribution
Dave Anderson All enquiries and contributions welcome, please contact any member of the editorial committee or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012 or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Display Advertising
Rates are: Full Page $60.00 Half Page $30.00 Quarter Page $15.00

‘Buy & Swap’
Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for members of the Society (max. 30 words). For advertising enquiries and material, please contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366 or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Group News
Far North Bromeliad Group
– Erin Titmus
We were grateful for large shady trees in Ian and Elaine Wright’s lovely mature garden as we met in February on such a hot humid day. The under planting of bromeliads tightly tumbling among an eclectic mix of leaf forms kept us peeking into various coves of plantings to see what would surprise us next. Thanks Ian and Elaine.
Rex welcomed us all and we quickly dealt with business of the day:
Spot Prizes of Neo. ‘Marble Throat’ (Avon Ryan) were won by Alistair Bibby and Audrey Kent.
Driftwood Pests: Colin Symonds shared his findings about a caterpillar that invades driftwood and eats the decaying wood along with any roots that it comes across on the way, e.g. tillandsias.
He urged us to inspect our own plantings for the presence of this pest. Look out for tiny sago-like pellets of excrement. Colin has not identified the culprit yet but thinks it is a moth with dark brown body and tan wings. It coats the pellets with a sticky goo and cements the entry point to fill the hole behind and block out other insects. Soaking in insecticide is ineffective as the coating waterproofs the tunnels. The best precaution is to try to ensure that the wood used for mounting plants is as sound as possible, preferably hard and dense pieces of timber. Since driftwood is one of the most used mounting woods those requirements are difficult to achieve, but try to avoid obviously soft timbers or ones with bark remnants.
‘Show and Tell’ began with two striking flowering plants:Orthophytum gurkenii and Pitcairnia flammea. This plant likes wet feet.
In the theme of the day, neoregelia, we saw the wide variety of form in this genus with stunning examples of tri-colours, bi-colours, stoloniferous plants, unique forms such as Neo. ‘Burnsie’s Spiral’ and plenty of Avon Ryan hybrids as yet unregistered.
Colin demonstrated how he made plant labels from narrow venetian blind slats. He tapes them together in a stack, measures, trims them with a band saw (or hacksaw) and drills a hole. Pencil labelling lasts well on these sturdy tags.
Next Meeting: 13 March we meet at Poppy’s Bromeliads, SH10, north of the roundabout Kerikeri. Visitors are most welcome – please contact Poppy on 09 407 9183 for more details.
Northland Bromeliad Group
– Lois Going
The February 27th meeting began with a visit to the long established garden of Gordon Marsh at Maungakaramea. Mature conifers, a water race and pond with aquatic plants, a wide variety of shrubs and perennials and some bromeliads were landscaped among large shady trees which made for a very pleasant ramble on a hot day.
We then adjourned to Maureen Green’s nearby for our meeting. Three new members were welcomed. Those of us who went to Fiesta had a most enjoyable day. We bought lots of plants and then had lunch at Eden Gardens.
It was agreed unanimously that the proceeds of our raffle be donated to the Christchurch earthquake relief fund. Afternoon tea was followed by a wander around Maureen’s garden and shade houses and of course more plants.
‘Show and Tell’
1st Eva Lewis --- Unnamed vriesea 2nd = Laura Maton, Neoregelia ‘Hot Gossip’, Maureen Green, Neoregelia ‘Princess Caroline Superb’, Lois Going, unnamed guzmania
Next Meeting: 27th March at the Quarry Gardens at 1.30 pm (also our AGM). A car boot sale prior to the meeting at 11.00 am.
South Auckland Bromeliad Group
– Marion Morton
It was a wet and windy day for our March 6 visit to two Pakuranga gardens. However, the sun came out as our meeting started at Pat Lawson’s property. Always one of our favourite destinations, her waterside garden is packed with interest whichever way you look. Pat makes full use of colour and texture in her garden plan and all her plants appear to be in the best of health. The raffles were won by Marion Morton and Herb Geange. After the meeting we went around to see Madeleine and John Yolland’s property. Their garden features a lovely shady stroll down to the Tamaki River. As well as lots of bromeliads they have a large collection of orchids. Scattered throughout the garden are examples of Madeleine’s delightful pottery.
The fruit and vegetable section was fascinating. John espaliers his fruit trees to make the most of limited space and the netting of his other produce keeps bird beak damage to a minimum.
Next Meeting: Sunday 3rd April we will assemble at the earlier time of 11am for our tour of Gellert’s Nursery at 593 State Highway 22, Karaka. Please bring a packed lunch for yourself. We will then have our main meeting at Margaret and Brian Kitchers at 13 Hamilton Drive, Waiuku. From there we will call in on Judy Graham at 10 Pono Place, Waiuku, finishing up with a visit to Norma Cook at 14a Kauri Drive, Waiuku.
Bay of Plenty Bromeliad Group
– Jo Elder
Our first meeting for 2011 held on February 9th was in the form of an Open Day for visitors and members. Two of our local newspapers gave us very good publicity and consequently we had 75 visitors and many club members. A beautiful display of bromeliads was set up by Gill Keesing with assistance from some of our members. This was the centre piece, with sales tables placed around the perimeter of the hall. The standard of plants was very good and the buyers and sellers had a great day.

Cont’d P22 21
Cont’d from P21 – Group News
During the afternoon Barry Jones gave demonstrations on how to remove pups from plants and how to pot etc. Barry was surrounded by people all afternoon!
Graeme Alabaster had put together a slide show of bromeliads and this was playing during the Open Day. A continuous afternoon tea was enjoyed by all. President Lynley spoke about our Club and about bromeliads in general. Jo Elder took a’ Question and Answer’ session. Many members had donated plants and these were given away as Lucky Spot Prizes and the raffles were drawn.
It was most gratifying to hear many of the visitors say that they had a most enjoyable day and would be coming back again next year. A big thank you must go to group members who worked so hard to make the day such a success.
Next Meeting: Wednesday 13th April @TYPB clubrooms 12.30pm. The speaker will be Andrew Steens and he will have some new hybrid neoregelias for sale. Plant of the month: Neoregelia.
Hawkes Bay Bromeliad Group
– Judy Newman
The garden visits this month started at Judy and Noel Newman’s Greenmeadows garden where the deck is rapidly disappearing under bromeliads. But there is still a narrow track to the front door! Quite a few plants are in ground with baskets hanging above in the trees.
Next it was Margaret Bluck’s Taradale garden where the majority of her plants are not under cover, proving that bromeliads can be grown here with minimal protection. Margaret also has a large collection of cactus and succulents.
Goodness, what is going on? For the second month in a row one of the garden hosts was in hospital! Ken Fern arrived home from hospital during the meeting. Elaine and Ken have come to live here from Queensland. A very pleasant setting for holding a meeting.
Anna discussed with the Group, arrangements for next month’s visit to Tauranga and people were asked to pay a deposit. It was decided there would be a nice early start from the Newman’s at 7.30am. ‘Not retirement time’ muttered Margaret! Also discussed were the open gardens as part of ‘Green Therapy’– the combined plant societies and clubs initiative. It had been decided by the organizer that all money collected would go to the Christchurch relief effort. Several people will set up a display and sell plants which hopefully will gain some new members for us.
Competition Results:
Neoregelia: 1st Neoregelia ‘Pink Champagne’ – Judy Newman; 2nd equal Neoregelia ‘Enchantment’

Colin Anderson and Neoregelia ‘Gold Fever’ – Wade Smith; 3rd Neoregelia ‘Rosea Striata’ – Ken Fern

Miniature/small: 1st Dyckia unknown


Yvonne Richardson; 2nd equalNeoregelia ‘Tess’ – Colin Anderson and a dwarf neoregelia on driftwood


– Denise Dreaver; 3rd Neoregelia ‘Blushing Tiger’ – Wade Smith
Variegated plants: 1st Neoregelia ‘Predator’ – Wade Smith; 2nd Neoregelia ‘Yellow King’ – Margaret Bluck and Neoregelia ‘Nellie Dutkowski – Gembreska’ – Colin Anderson; 3rd Neoregelia ‘Predator’ sport – Yvonne Richardson
Next Meeting: There will be no meeting next month as we will be in Tauranga. April will be our A.G.M. – venue to be advised.
Eastern Bay of Plenty Bromeliad and Orchid Group
– Alison Iremonger
A picnic lunch, held in the park-like gardens, with a view of the harbour, at Ross and Gail Fergusson’s home was the start to our February meeting. Approximately 40 members attended and were welcomed by Sue Laurent.
Sue discussed the agenda for the year. We will host the South Auckland group on a weekend garden ramble in March. Members were told of the ‘Broms in the Park’ to be held in Auckland in November. A demonstration was given by Ross Fergusson on ‘How to grow your own broms from seed’. This was most interesting and Ross had some seed on hand for members to take home and have a go. Pam and Trevor Signal demonstrated how to re-pot a moth orchid and a few tips on how to care for them. Barbara Rogers and Sue Laurent showed a selection of bromeliads that don’t mind growing in full sun, which is a help when you live in ‘the sunshine capital of New Zealand’!!! A lovely afternoon tea followed the sales table. Then it was time to wander around, and be inspired by all the hard work Ross and Gail have put in to their wonderful garden. Thanks to them both for being such great hosts.
Next Meeting: 17th April 2011.

The scene at a recent Eastern Bay of Plenty Group meeting. It looks great!Photo from Alison Iremonger.

2011 Bromeliad

Three more stunners from overall points winner, Poppy Fuller.

First Aechmea Blooming Class First Bromeliad Species Class
– Aechmea fasciata (variegated) – Aechmea haltonii

First Nidularium Class – Nidularium fulgens


 

BROMELIAD CONFERENCE

Elton Leme, Brazil Renowned bromeliad collector and author. Elton has found over 300 species – more than anyone alive. Botanists and bromeliad lovers come from far and wide to visit his home collection at Teresopolis, high in the hills overlooking Rio de Janeiro.
Jose Manzanares, Ecuador His beautiful books ‘Jewels of the Jungle’ are being published in four parts (with the first two published in 2000). They cover one of the richest bromeliad floras on earth. Ecuador, one of South America’s smallest countries contains over 450 known bromeliad species.
Michael Kiehl, USA He has been creating, growing and supplying wonderful bromeliads for over 20 years. His current collection at ‘michael’s Bromeliads’ Inc., venice, florida has around 2,000 varieties of broms.
Andrew Maloy, new Zealand Born in Scotland, he came to new Zealand in the early 1970s. He taught landscaping and in the 1980s he discovered broms and his ‘special thing’… vrieseas. now Andrew is considered new Zealand’s leading hybridiser of exotic leaf-patterned vrieseas – his ‘Kiwi Bromeliads’ thriving in our cooler growing climate.


4 star accommodation, business centre, pool, spa, gym and superb restaurant and bar facilities in a lovely relaxing garden setting just 15 minutes drive from Auckland International Airport and 15 minutes drive from the Auckland CBD. Sylvia Park, new Zealand’s largest retail and leisure venue is just an easy 500 metres walk away – open 7 days. There will also be special tours available for conference attendees and their partners. Details shortly.

Email us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. – Just type in ‘send us cool broms info’ and we’ll make sure you get all the latest conference news and all the ‘early bird’ offers.
The ‘Cool Broms’ bromeliad conference in 2013 is being organised by The Bromeliad Society of new Zealand Inc., Auckland, new Zealand. Conference Convenor: Peter Waters, 22 Half moon Rise, Half moon Bay, Auckland 2012, new Zealand. Email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc
Bromeliad Journal – April 2011 issue


CONTENTS
‘Cool Broms’ 2013 conference… early news to get you thinking 2 President’s Page – Jocelyn Coyle 5 May garden ramble information 5 President’s annual report to AGM – Jocelyn Coyle 6 Notes on Society finances 6 Bromeliad Society March meeting news – Dave Anderson 7 Buy & Swap 8 Poppy Fuller at home in Kerikeri – Erin Titmus 9 Go forth and multiply! – Julia Berney 12 Society officers, subs and Journal directory 13 Profile of Margaret Paterson, hybridiser – Andrew Devonshire 14 April in Cairns. Conference comment – Peter Waters 18 Group News 19 March garden ramble. Three unique Auckland properties – JAGA 22
The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand
COMING EVENTS

Please see the Group News section starting on page 19 for details, venues and times
of group meetings.
APRIL 24th Northland Group meeting 26th Society monthly meeting at Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm. Monthly choice competition: Aechmea orlandiana and cultivars. There will be a panel discussion on getting plants ready for winter and a short talk on genera starting with the letters ‘A’ and ‘B’. (We’ll be focusing on the ‘obscure’ genera, not aechmea etc.)
MAY
1st South Auckland Group meeting 1st Hawkes Bay Group meeting 11th Bay of Plenty Group meeting 18th Bay of Plenty Group garden visits 24th Society monthly meeting at Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden and Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm. Monthly choice competition: Red tipped broms, any genera. There will also be a conference auction.

FRONT COVER: In our March garden ramble our Society members were able to visit three truly unique Auckland gardens. Our front cover photo by JAGA features a glimpse of Tony and Delma Pell’s lovely lush tropical landscape at Farm Cove overlooking the Tamaki River. See more about our three lovely gardens starting on page 22.

PRESIDENT’S PAGE
H
i everyone, our AGM went smoothly and I am your president for another year. I look forward to working with the committee to be able to make our monthly meetings interesting and to bring some new topics for discussion. If you have any thoughts or ideas please I would like to hear them. We will try to bring new garden rambles as these are always popular.
Our garden ramble on the 20th March was a great success with three very different gardens to visit. It was a sunny Sunday and we had a great turn out of members. Many thanks to the garden owners. We have another garden ramble on the 1st May please check details listed in the Journal (below).
With winter just around the corner it is time to get our plants ready for the cold and even those frosts which seem to sneak up on us. Preparing for winter will be discussed at our next meeting.
If you feel like a day out helping to plant tulip bulbs at Eden Garden please give Enyth Good a call on 630 5219. We’re planning a working session for the end of May.
On Thursday April 7th I am off the Darwin for the Bromeliad Conference. They have had a lot of rain there recently but I am looking forward to the 30 degree temperatures. I hope we have something interesting to bring back to you all.
Don’t forget the ‘Cool Broms’ conference auction will be held at our May monthly meeting in Auckland so please check out if you have a plant that you would like to donate to help boost our funds.
Enjoy the Easter weekend and don’t forget our monthly meeting is the following Tuesday. See you then!
Jocelyn Coyle


Our president’s annual report delivered to the Society’s AGM, March 2011.
I
t is with pleasure that I present my annual report as president of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand.
Being president is not something I had ever planned to be in the Society, but when Kesson Sharp left Auckland in May last year I was suddenly it. I must admit that, after the initial shock, I have really enjoyed the last ten months. I remember saying to our editor, Murray Mathieson, ‘Murray, I can’t write reports.’ His reply was ‘write just as you would speak’, and I remember this every month when I sit down to write my monthly page for the Journal. Thank you Murray.
The Society has experienced another successful year. The Fiesta and Show was outstanding in terms of the number and variety of plants on the show tables, even though we have had a rather harsh summer. Our plant sales were good as were those at the spring sale in October. The conference sales table was also a great success.
Thanks to all those wonderful people who have opened their gardens to us. These rambles are always enjoyed as we love to explore other people’s gardens to see what they’re doing with their broms. I’m sure we all come away with some new ideas.
Tour and event planning and fundraising for our 2013 Auckland ‘Cool Broms’ bromeliad conference is on track and the speakers we already have in place and are planning will make it a conference you will not want to miss.
A very special thanks to all members who have written articles and taken photos for our monthly Journal. I’m sure everyone will agree we have a very interesting Journal to read each month. Thanks to Murray for putting it all together.
Last, but not least, a very big thank you to the committee. We all work amazingly well together and everything gets done without any hassles.
And, of course, thank you to all our members because without you we would not have a bromeliad society.
I look forward to being involved and working with you all for another twelve months.
Jocelyn Coyle
Notes on our Society finances:
For the year ending February 2011 we had total income of $28,234 (of which $11,526 or 41% came from show sales) and total expenditure of $28,240 ($3,818 associated with show sales). Basically, a satisfactory break even result.
Easily our largest item of expenditure was the production/despatch of our monthly Journal, at $20,713. Subscriptionstotalled $10,885 for the year – almost the same as the prior year – showinghow dependent we are on our good show sales result to make up the difference and balance the books.
As at 28.2.2011 we already have $7,391 put aside in a special ‘Cool Broms’conference fund for 2013.
From the financial statements presented by treasurer, Peter Waters, at the Society’s Annual General Meeting,March 22, 2011.

Bromeliad Society March Meeting News – Dave Anderson
T
he AGM was well attended. Jocelyn read her annual report before taking nominations for the executive and committee – see the elected members in this journal. Treasurer, Peer Waters, presented our annual financial statement, showing a satisfactory result for the year.
The general monthly meeting followed the AGM. As the seed bank is now defunct, (no enquiries over last few months), would people with fresh seed please bring it into the monthly meeting where it can be distributed to anyone interested in it. There has been a change of procedure at Eden Gardens because of OSH etc so that members are not allowed to work in the ‘Bromeliad Glade’. However, Eden Gardens would like people to help them plant out the tulip bulbs – please contact Enyth Good if you can help. Everyone thoroughly enjoyed the garden ramble this past weekend with another one being organised in Auckland’s eastern suburbs in early May – details in this Journal.
Peter Waters conducted the ‘Show and Tell.’ First up was a medium sized tillandsia plant requiring identification. The plant was in full flower with the soft leaves having a purplish/ red colour throughout. The head of the inflorescence looked similar to the typical Tillandsia capitata, the conclusion being that it might well be a cross of this species with Tillandsia velutina, this latter species giving the soft colours to the leaves. Following this and requiring a name was the species Edmundoa lindenii var rosea in full flower. See photo in Baensch’s book.
John Lambert then showed us a wonderful DVD of the Brisbane Botanic Gardens at Mt Coot-tha.
Jenine McGrath won the special raffle prize this month. The door prizes going to Andrew Devonshire, June Sly and Don Brown.
COMPETITIONS
Open Flowering: First was Peter Waters with Guzmania sanguinea -a very colourful species when in flower especially this clone which was the var tricolor that had lost its variegations. Second, was Alan Cliffe with Aechmea lueddemanniana ‘Alvarez’ – the variegated form of the species that has been in cultivation in NZ for many years and is quite hardy compared to many other aechmeas. In the competition were Neoregelia ‘Shelldance’, ‘Chili Verde’; Nidularium campos-portoi, procerum and Vriesea ‘Carlsbad’.
Open Foliage: First was Peter Coyle with Vriesea ‘2003’ – a plant similar to Vriesea ‘Snowman’ but with much whiter leaves – quite stunning. Second was Mark Van Kaathoven with Neoregelia ‘Rosy Morn’ – an old favourite that always colours up well at this time of the year. In the competition were two forms of Aechmea orlandiana – one with light and the other very dark
Cont’d from P7 – March Meeting News
coloured leaves, Aechmea ‘Fosters favorite favorite’; Neoregelia ‘Royal Hawaiian’; Vriesea ‘Kandy Curls’, ‘Crimson Vista’ and an Andrew Maloy hybrid that had attractive linear variegations along the colourful leaves.
Tillandsia: David Anderson’s Tillandsia roezlii in flower was first – a species from Peru and second was Alan Cliffe with Tillandsia multicaulis. On the table were Tillandsia caput-medusae, crocata, brachycaulos, hondurensis and the always popular tectorum.
Neoregelia: First was Peter Coyle with Neoregelia ‘Gold Painted’ – a most attractive highly coloured plant. Peter Coyle was also second with Neoregelia ‘Love Letters’ – both from Margaret Paterson’s stable. In the competition were Neoregelia ‘Devroe’, ‘Aussie Dream’ A1, lilliputiana x ‘Riens Pride’, ‘Red River’ and ‘Tiger Cub’ x ‘Regelia’.

BROMELIAD CONFERENCE
We’re asking members to consider donating a special plant for the Society to auction at our May general meeting. All the proceeds for our ‘Cool Broms’ conference fund.
The plant can be any genus – pup or full grown – the only proviso being that it’s something members will really want to bid for!
In the past most of the plants donated for these special auctions have come from committee members. It would be nice if we could spread it around a bit this time! Thanks.
Monthly Choice – Billbergia: First was John Mitchell with Billbergia ‘Hallelujah’ – always a stunner when well grown, Peter Coyle was second with Billbergia ‘Party Pink’ – this cultivar has a lovely pink colouration to the leaves. The other plants in the competition were Billbergia ‘Envy’, ‘Brazen’, (decora x distachia var maculata) x ‘Domingos Martins’, ‘Kalibah’, ‘Golden Joy’, ‘Baton Rouge’ x horrida var tigrina, ‘Strawberry’, ‘Domingos Martins’ x (‘Domingos Martins’ x amoena x minor), ‘Dulce’, amoena R L Frazier x ‘After Glow’ and ‘Pink Panther’.
The Plant of the Month went to Peter Coyle with Vriesea ‘2003’.
Congratulations to all the winners.
NEXT MEETING:
General Meeting Tuesday 27th April at 7.30pm.

Wanted

French Tillandsia book:
‘Les Tillandsia et les Racinaea’
by Roguenant
please contact Wilma 07 5422243 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
We will publish Buy or Swap notices from members of the Society. Maximum 30 words. Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or postto: 14 Matanui St, Northcote, North Shore City.


We visit Poppy Fuller in Kerikeri
In our April Journal we reported on the Show results at Fiesta 2011 and we saluted the success of the Far North’s Poppy Fuller, who claimed two trophies, one for the ‘best bromeliad arrangement’ and the other for the ‘most points of the show’. In addition, Poppy won no less than seven individual classes. We felt our readers would like to know a little more about Poppy… how she got started and what drives her passion for bromeliads. Maybe we’ll even pick up a hint or two on how to grow such wonderful plants.
Thanks to Erin Titmus for doing this short profile and also for her interesting

Cont’d from P9 – Poppy Fuller

Poppy Fuller…

Floral art stand with miniature neos
Living art


Some of Poppy’s favourite Aechmea orlandiana varieties


10
Poppy of Mohaka – Article and photos by Erin Titmus

I
f you have grown broms a while, or you live in the north, then the words bromeliad and Kerikeri will automatically spring to mind another word – Poppy. Such is her enthusiasm for bromeliads in the north and beyond. If you have yet to meet Poppy, then let me introduce you …
Poppy grew up in the gardens of her wider whanau in a little place called Mohaka, situated in northern Hawke’s Bay. There were large vegetable gardens, stone and berry fruit crops and magnificent flower gardens. She remembers that when she was about nine years old she told friends, ‘When I grow up I’m never having gardens – just concrete and lawns.’ Yeah right.
Her first bromeliad, Aechmea pimentivelosoi, was a birthday gift over thirty years ago. It was not ‘love at first sight.’ It took another 16 years for her to realise that she could not kill them! You see, when Poppy and Alan moved to Kerikeri in 1985 water was very limited and the soil around the house area was poor. She learned that bromeliads, succulents and cacti were the answer for her harsh growing environment. By 1996 Poppy was smitten and had a little collection but no idea how or where to grow them until she met Vilima Geddes and saw her wonderful plants. Through Vi, Poppy was introduced to the Northland Bromeliad Group, met other locals, and began to widen her collection by selling-on bromeliad pups at markets throughout Northland. She also started floral art classes and slowly learned how to enhance the presentation of bromeliads.
Poppy and Alan’s commercial nursery started spontaneously when she had the opportunity to buy bromeliads from three top growers: Irwin Lawson, Avon Ryan and Andrew Steens. It has mushroomed since those 2008 beginnings and Poppy has travelled widely to promote bromeliads, both as landscape plants and through demonstrations in floral art.
Displays feature many of Poppy’s floral art works. She calls them ‘living art’ as the stoloniferous mini neoregelia and the small tillandsias that she uses each grow and develop their own art form over time.
And her favourites? Of course she loves all bromeliads, especially those hard to find and, therefore, often expensive plants. Poppy still really enjoys Aechmea pimenti-velosoi and has a soft spot for Aechmea orlandiana varieties. She considers Vi as ‘Queen of orlandianas’ and several plants have come from her. Among the neoregelias Poppy favours N. ‘Amazing Grace’ and N. ‘Maggies Pride.’
Following her outstanding success with her first entries in the Fiesta show this year you may well ask if she intends to enter in 2012. ‘Umm, this year could be a hard act to follow. I’ve got until September to think about it…’ We hope you do Poppy and look forward to seeing your lovely plants and artwork again.

Go forth and multiply!
Is this the future for rare/endangered bromeliads also?
This is a reprint of an article by Julia Berney which first appeared in ‘The West Australian’ newspaper, Perth WA, in 2000, at the beginning of the King’s Park Wildflower Festival. It highlights the new ways scientific research is speeding up the process of saving rare plants. The article has been reprinted in ‘Bromeletter’
– the newsletter of The Bromeliad Society of Australia.
A
rapid reproduction technique which should become a vital tool for saving rare plants is making significant progress in the hands of King’s Park and botanic garden scientists.
Restoration ecology is a field which focuses on restoring populations of rare plants and creating habitats by putting back a suite of original species that have been lost through land disturbance. Many of these species are difficult to multiply by conventional means, such as germinating seeds or taking cuttings and, until recently at King’s Park, the only means of propagating shoots from them was plant tissue culture.
Now somatic embryogenesis promises even better results. The technique itself is not new; it has been used on cereals and conifer species. To date, King’s Park has had success with native rushes and some native heaths. Somatic embryogenesis entails persuading distinct embryos to form. They look similar to, and develop in the same way as the normal embryos that seeds contain. The difference is that somatic embryos can be generated from cells on a variety of plant tissues, from leaves to callus. The latter is the kind of scar tissue that develops where a plant has been wounded, for example after a graft on a rose bush trunk. It is even possible to cause somatic embryos to bud off a normal seed embryo. Chemical growth regulators are used to trigger the reaction.
For King’s Park researchers, merely being able to trigger somatic embryogenesis is only their first step. The aim now is to optimise the procedure to make it an efficient means of commercial propagation. This involves mass production and, importantly, synchronised production where the embryos all form simultaneously and grow and mature at the same rate.
The best method of achieving this is putting callus materials into liquid culture. King’s Park research scientist, Tissa Senaratna explains, ‘The problem with having just a solid lump of callus sitting on top of a jelly medium is that the cells touching the jelly get the signal to begin the process much earlier than the cells that are further away. But if you run good, crumbly callus in liquid culture, it forms a soup of individual cells which enables you to increase the rate of somatic embryogenesis many times and, as all the cells get bathed in the liquid, the embryos all develop at the same time.’

OFFICERS


Patron: Patricia Sweeney Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616 President: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272 Committee: Graeme Barclay 09-835 0358 Vice Presidents: Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451 John Blanch 09-534 0605
Don Brown 09-361 6175 David Cowie 09-630 8220 Secretary: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671 Chris Paterson 09-625 6707 Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616 Cultivar Registrar: Barry Uren 09-235 5244 Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114 Species Preservation: Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt, Barry Uren 09-235 5244
Len Trotman, Patricia Sweeney, Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366 Peter Waters Auditor: Colin Gosse

MEMBERSHIP SUBSCRIPTION
New Zealand:

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00 discount if paid before the end of February). Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00 ($5.00 discount also applies as above).
Overseas:

AUD $30.00 Australia, US $30.00 United States and other overseas countries. Send all payments to the Treasurer, Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012.
CORRESPONDENCE

All general correspondence should be sent to the Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,
P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland, New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters or articles in the Journal are the contributors’ own views and do not necessarily express the views or policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc.

BROMELIAD JOURNAL
Deadline:
For all editorial and advertising, the first Tuesday of publication month
Editorial Committee
Dave Anderson Murray Mathieson Peter Waters
Regular Writers
Andrew Devonshire Graeme Barclay John and Agatha Lambert
Production
Murray Mathieson
Distribution
Dave Anderson All enquiries and contributions welcome, please contact any member of the editorial committee or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012 or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Display Advertising
Rates are: Full Page $60.00 Half Page $30.00 Quarter Page $15.00
‘Buy & Swap’
Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for members of the Society (max. 30 words). For advertising enquiries and material, please contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366 or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Margaret Paterson says…
‘Give hybridising a go!’ – Andrew Devonshire

This month I have the pleasure of profiling Margaret and Bill Paterson who live at Gympie, some 160 kms north of Brisbane, Australia. They have a lovely large garden full of trees and shrubs, some of which have their trunks covered with tillandsias, with areas beneath the larger trees providing homes for aechmea, guzmania, neoregelia, vriesea, orthophytum, and other
genera.

M
argaret is well known to bromeliophiles. She gave a talk at the 2003 Australasian Bromeliad Conference in Auckland, and her stunning hybrids can now be found in many collections. Margaret estimates she had done around 600 neo hybrids, some 200 tillandsia hybrids and many cryptanthus hybrids to date.
While Margaret is known for her bromeliads, Bill is known for his orchids. He has been an orchid judge for many years, and he grows orchids on selected benches in the shade houses, with his spare plants spread right through the garden growing on trees and on rocks. Bill produced their first book, ‘Bromeliad Hybrids: For my own Satisfaction’, which focused on Margaret’s neoregelia hybrids. Bill is now working on photographing and assembling their second book which will be about Margaret’s hybrids of other bromeliad genera.
STARTING OuT…
From an early age, Margaret was fascinated by the Pineapple Lily (Billbergia pyramidalis) and Queen’s Tears (Billbergia nutans) which were growing in her parent’s garden. Her plant collecting started with succulents, and when she had a shade house built for her, she began collecting all sorts of plants. In 1963, Margaret met Don ‘Colonel’ Patterson and his wife Del from Coffs Harbour. Don and Dell were founding members of the Bromeliad Society of Australia, they had a good collection of bromeliads, and it was from this collection that Margaret was able to source many plants.
She has always enjoyed growing all types of plants from seed, she loves to watch plants develop, and after many years of her tender loving care, she takes great pleasure in seeing them mature and flower for the first time.
It was in 1984 when Margaret first started hybridising neoregelias. Initially she just wanted to see if she could in fact breed her own bromeliads, and she was very pleased with the results, as that first batch of hybrids turned out to be quite special. She called them her ‘Red Planet’ series, and they were a bright red right from when they were pups. This was when most available neos were quite plain and only coloured when they matured and blushed naturally. This early success encouraged Margaret

Margaret Paterson
Vriesea ‘Gympie Green Waves’
Neoregelia ‘Jocelyn’
Neoregelia ‘Shirley Kay’


Neoregelia ‘For Grant’
Vriesea ‘Sweet Red’


Part of tillandsia nursery. Tillandsia ‘Victory’

Tillandsia grow-on section. Tillandsia ‘Kandanga’
16
to do more, a lot more! She says that it was a steep learning curve, as in those days few people had any experience with neoregelia hybrids, and many plant people did not even know what bromeliads were. Margaret experimented with many different neos and it took her years of trial and error to build up her knowledge of the plants that make good parents and what traits they pass on to their progeny. Her Neoregelia ‘Jewellery Shop’ has proven to be a particularly good parent, giving bright plants in shades of yellow, gold, orange, and red.
When deciding on plants to grow on and indeed register Margaret usually selects her neo hybrids based on the following criteria: Brightness; Colour; Leaf shape; Conformation . Her criteria is altered slightly to suit the different genera, but generally speaking the hybrid has to be an improvement on both parents to qualify.
Cryptanthus were among her first bromeliads to be collected and are still a firm favourite. She enjoys growing them and has learned to grow them successfully by experimenting with her own hybrid seedlings. Her most recent cryptanthus hybrids were an attempt to create mottled green plants and she has been extremely pleased with the results.
When Margaret started hybridising tillandsias she had only heard of a couple of tillandsia hybrids and did not know anyone who had actually tried hybridising this genus. It was a challenge, as everything had to be learned as she went along. It was a slow process, very slow, as tillandsias take a minimum of around 8 years and up to 15 years or even more to mature and flower! Margaret’s enjoyment is in just watching them grow, and now after many tillandsia hybrids she has some idea of what one might expect when using different parent plants. Margaret currently has thousands of tillandsia seedlings of different crossings growing on and she is now waiting to see the results of the first flowerings.
GROWING hINTS…
Seedlings are grown in one end of a closed shade house to protect them in winter as temperatures can get down as low as minus 4°C at times. It is also convenient to watch their development and to check for pests and disease in this position.
One fact that Margaret discovered early in growing bromeliads is that they respond well to fertilising. Most people used to say that you should not use fertiliser on bromeliads. From years of experimenting Margaret has learned how much to give the different genera, especially neos. A healthy neo’s leaves will shine whereas one grown in hard conditions will typically have a dull appearance. This is all part of the enjoyment of growing plants… experimenting… making mistakes and achieving results to your own satisfaction. In addition to her neoregelia, cryptanthus and tillandsia hybrids, Margaret has hybridised a few other genus, including aechmea, some flowering vriesea, some foliage vriesea and even some orthophytum. These
Cont’d P18 17 Cont’d from P17 – Margaret Paterson
will all be featured in her next book which is currently a work in progress. Margaret says that Bill has been a tremendous support, and without his encouragement she could not have achieved the results that she has. Their love of plants has been passed on to both of their sons. Margaret is sorry (read happy!) to say that one son has been bitten by the ‘bromeliad bug’, and he is growing a variety of bromeliads, and also beginning to hybridise several different genera.
IT’S FuN…
She says that anyone who enjoys watching plants grow from seed and


Darwin Bromeliad conference, April…
a quick note from Peter Waters
A small contingent of New Zealanders attended the Australian Conference in Darwin. The Coyles from Auckland, Simmonds from Tauranga, Purdies from Wellington and Jeanette and I were present and enjoyed a wellorganised event, with a range of speakers, featuring Dennis Cathcart with three entertaining and informative talks and Harry Luther.
The venue was the Holiday Inn in downtown Darwin and the 174 attendees would have made the small Northern Territory Bromeliad Society very happy with their efforts. We did some active promotion of our own Conference in 2013 and had veryencouraging results.
In the next Journal we will have a few photos.
has plenty of patience, should give hybridising a go. The end results can be very rewarding. There will always be failures along the way, and these will need to be discarded but the process is quite a lot of fun. There is much information available now, especially on the internet, to help anyone who is keen. Margaret has been learning about the process for 30 plus years, and she is still learning, and still having fun. So give it a try, there is nothing to lose!
Thanks Margaret and Bill. I’m looking forward to seeing manymore of your bromeliad hybrids, and eagerly await your second book!

Group News
Far North Bromeliad Group
– Erin Titmus
Large shady trees were the order of the day again as we met at Poppy and Alan’s. We enjoyed wandering the large garden, browsing treasures in the shade houses and viewing the display of award-winning plants. Thanks for your wonderful hospitality, yet again Poppy.
Rex welcomed us all, including six new members and a large contingent of the Northland group who joined us to greet our special guest, Andrew Steens. We took a minute’s silence to remember those in Christchurch and Japan who had lost friends, loved ones and property. Our profit from the day’s activities, $150, was donated to the Christchurch Red Cross Appeal.
Guest Speaker: Andrew showed us a plant that had been rejected at Fiesta as it showed symptoms of a virus. From this he developed a most interesting talk on the effects of viruses – some of them good -and how to grow healthy plants overall. We were reassured that a virus cannot be transmitted by airborne means.
Show and Tell: This month we saw a large range of miniature neoregelias along with some stunning small neos. From the skite table we were introduced to N. ‘Keri Poppy,’ a very large neoregelia bred by Irwin Lawson
(N. ‘Pink Champagne’ x N. Amazing Grace’). It’s a stunner with the size of the former and the bold striping of the latter. Arleen’s Portea petropolitana was in full flower as was Peter’s Aechmea ‘Reginald’. This plant had stunning variegation on top of the leaves with a rich red underside. It was auctioned later and reached a FNBG record of $80 for a plant. David’s multi-ponga stand planted with small neos was close behind, selling for $75.
Next Meeting: 10 April we meet at the home of Maureen Green, Maungakaramea. Visitors are most welcome – please contact Poppy on 09 407 9183 for more details.
Northland Bromeliad Group
– Lois Going
The 27th March meeting held at the Quarry Gardens was also our AGM. President Jan presented her report, highlights of which were the bus trip to Auckland to visit Peter Waters’ collection, and the Lester Ching and Pat Lawson gardens; and the visit from the South Auckland Group. The financial report showed that we had been able to subsidise several events and it was decided that the annual subs. should remain the same. All of the officers were returned unopposed. Prior to the meeting some members had held a car boot sale which was open to the public.
Members who went to the Far North meeting reported on Andrew Steens’talk and bought his new book for our library. Various potting mixes and fertilising bromeliads were discussed. It was decided to retain just one general open category for the competitions as there are not enough members participating to have a number of categories.

Cont’d P20 19 Cont’d from P19 – Group News
Competition: 1st Sylvia Boswell –
Neoregelia ‘Perfection’; 2nd Eva Lewis


Neoregelia ‘Brazilia’; 3rd Lois Going


 unnamed guzmania


Next Meeting:
April 24th at 1.30 pm. at Minnie Whitehead’s, 727 Otaika Valley Road.
Bay of Plenty Bromeliad Group
– Jo Elder
Numbers were down for our March meeting which opened with the AGM. President Lynley read her annual report, nominations for executive and committees were accepted, and it was pleasing to see some new committee members included. We also have three members outside committee who look after the library, teas, new members, visitors, attendance and raffles.
Lynley introduced our guests, Andrew and Rhonda Maloy. Andrew spoke about his association with the ‘Weekend Gardener’ magazine; and hybridizing vrieseas. They brought along wonderful plants for purchase and others to show. They grow their plants in granulated bark, 7mm down to the fines. They have discovered that pups removed from the mother plant will root well if stood in pumice. When potting the plants the soil should be a little acid and a good fertilizer is Osmocote. The raffle winners were I. Hammond, J. Morris,
W. Fitzgibbons, I. Pirani and D. Pirani.
Plant of the Month: Vrieseas. On the table were, Vriesea ‘Nova Princess’,‘Vistarella’ saundersii x platynema, ‘Waihi Dawn’, ‘Red Chestnut’.
‘Show& Tell’: Catopsis berteroniana, Alcantarea nahoumii, Neoregelia ‘Dr. Carl’, Neoregelia tristis x carolinae
Competition Plant: 1st Vriesea ‘Sunset’,

Jo Elder; 2nd Nidularium ‘Chantrieri’,


Isabel Clotworthy; 3rd Neoregelia ‘Hot Gossip’ – Gill Keesing. Also tabled Neoregelia ‘Kahala Sunset’, Neoregelia ‘Meyendorffii’ (variegated)


Tillandsia Competition: 1st Tillandsia straminea – I. Clotworthy; 2nd T. tectorum (small) – Jo Elder; 3rd T. bandensis – J. Elder. Also on the table T.califanii, ‘Pink Cascade’.
Next Meeting: 11th May. At TYPB Clubrooms Sulphur Point at 12.30pm. Shirley Sparks will speak about the Quarry Gardens. Plants of the month will be Nidularium and Canistropsis.
Garden Visits: 18th May 10.00am
1. Danny Begley, 203 Darraghs Road, Otumoetai; 2. Tom & Heather Slee, 6 Hinewa Road; 3. Jo Elder, 4 Hinewa Road, Otumoetai.
South Auckland Bromeliad Group
– Marion Morton
Our March weekend tour of the “Sunshine Capital of NZ” was a great success. Sue Laurent and our good friends in Whakatane hosted us brilliantly and our thanks go to them. Our coach was brand new, state of the art and a smooth ride even though we got back to Auckland rather late!
We had a brilliant hot day for our April meeting commencing at Gellerts Nursery in Karaka.
We then proceeded to Margaret and Bryan Kitcher in Waiuku for lunch and our main meeting. Their lovely garden is a lot more developed since our last visit and the display of their pottery was most impressive.
The next garden that we visited was Norma Cook’s. Norma has worked hard on her garden which had nothing there when she moved in. She had to battle wind and frost and lost some of her prize bromeliads. However, she has managed to battle the elements and her bromeliads were looking very good. We then visited the garden of Gail Anderson which was a first for most of us.
Gail has a lovely, compact garden with a variety of bromeliads, succulents, and palms, and a great view of the water from the back of the property. Finally we called in on Judy Graham. This was also a first for most of us and as was to be expected the garden is immaculate and her choice of plants is stunning. She has worked wonders in the short time that she has been in the property. It is obvious that she enjoys her garden and the plants were in perfect condition. We recognized a few elements from her previous garden for example the ponga lion and monkey.
The raffles were won by Norma Cook, Cara Lisa Schloots, Pauline Ashton, Lisa Schloots and Marion Kitcher.
Next Meeting: 1:30pm Sunday, 1 May 2011 at the Auckland Botanic Gardens, 102 Hill Road, Manurewa when we will have our Annual General Meeting. Members are requested to bring their favourite plant for discussion.
hawkes Bay Bromeliad Group
– Judy Newman
Our long weekend trip to Tauranga took the place of our normal monthly meeting. We left by bus early on the Friday morning stopping first near Taupo to visit Lava Glass for morning tea where we watched some coloured glass being made – fascinating. After our next stop on the Lake Rotorua waterfront for lunch we headed off to Tauranga stopping at two nurseries, where quite a bit of retail therapy took place, and then visiting a lovely private garden. Unfortunately it was raining but when did that stop keen gardeners?
It was still raining a bit the next morning but it certainly was not cold. We decided that during or just after rain was the best time to view bromeliad gardens as the colour in the leaves really shone and they looked more spectacular than usual. We visited six lovely gardens during the day, all very different, but had to pass on the Te Puna Quarry Gardens as it was too wet. However we found an interesting collection of small shops where we browsed (and spent, again!). Next day we visited three more very nice gardens before heading home. Oh how I wish we could grow bromeliads right out in the open like that. We stopped at the waterfront in Rotorua again where we had the added bonus of the Sunday market. We arrived home in daylight (hurray) tired but happy with all we had seen and purchased. Many thanks to our hosts in Tauranga for sharing their gardens with us, we did appreciate it.
Next Meeting: May 1st at The Beacon, 11 Ormond Rd, Napier at 2pm. This will be our AGM.


In March we visited three truly unique
gardens – Article by JAGA

T
he weather was just fine and members turned up in droves. First up was Tony and Delma Pell’s lovely property at Farm Cove overlooking the Tamaki River. Their Mediterranean style home features a sundrenched courtyard with a sparkling pool bordered with a lush tropical landscape. Every bit of available garden space was filled with colourful bromeliads between amazingly well grown cycads, palms and other foliage plants. Away from the courtyard, the rear of the house overlooks the Tamaki River providing a stunning outlook. We saw that there was quite a large area of lawn there which could perhaps be turned into bromeliad gardens in the future! The other side of the house features a footpath lined with bromeliads and colourful foliage plants providing another delightful access back to the street.
The next garden was Mark and Tamsin Woodard’s stunner in Half Moon Bay. The couple are friends of the Coyles. Although not members of Society, they kindly opened their garden for our ramble. Mark’s passion for plants range from cacti and aloes to bromeliads and bonsais. These plants were showcased in their masterfully landscaped property. The front yard features eye catching and vicious looking cacti. Then one is lead through to a side courtyard featuring an elliptical pool framed by specimen aloes, ponytails and foliage groundcover of bromeliads and succulents. Then on to backyard with the magnificent display of plants set in a stunning landscape of cascading decks and rock pools. A prime collection of bonsai adorned the lower deck, while colourful bromeliads, aloes and cycads drew the eyes up the cascading backdrop. A large aloe in flower provided an amazing show.
Last, but not least, we ventured into Peter and Jeanette Waters’ property, also in Half Moon Bay. This is the holy grail for bromeliad collectors and a great opportunity for members to see the largest collection of species and hybrids in New Zealand. This is like a treasure trail as you have to go through several plastic and shade houses accommodating all the different collections. Among all these is a collection of rare hohenbergias and other more unusual genus, a collection of billbergias so vast that it is almost impossible to walk through to view, an amazing collection of miniature neoregelias, rare imported neoregelias, and an enormous collection of stunning foliage vrieseas. If you manage to tear yourself away from the collections you will be rewarded by a lovely landscaped garden at the rear featuring many more amazing specimen bromeliads, especially many Neoregelia carcharodon varieties. All the plants showed brilliant colours as they get plenty of sunshine and a Neoregelia carcharodon ‘Rainbow’ on the deck was especially stunning.
So another great ramble was enjoyed by all. Many thanks to the owners for opening up their garden for our viewing pleasure.
Mark and Tamsin Woodard… Tony and Delma Pell…

24


Peter and Jeanette Waters… Mark and Tamsin Woodard…

JUNE 2011
VOL 51 NO 6
JUNE 2011
VOL 51 NO 6
• Off the beaten track at Kerry Tate’s Australian garden
• Gerry Stansfield… a hybridiser who inspired others
Vriesea ‘Tiger Tim’ is in the foreground in this
photo in Kerry Tate’s garden. Photo JAGA.

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc

Bromeliad Journal – June 2011 issue


CONTENTS
President’s Page – Jocelyn Coyle 3
To bid or not to bid – Peter Coyle (‘Totara Pete’) 3
Bromeliad Society May meeting news – Dave Anderson 4
Growing tips for beginners (Part 2) – Graeme Barclay 6
Librarian’s corner – Noelene Ritson 9
Buy & Swap 9
A profile of Gerry Stansfield, hybridiser – Andrew Devonshire 11
Society officers, subs and Journal directory 14
Group News 15
A trip to Kerry Tate’s garden – JAGA 18

The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and
do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand

COMING EVENTS

Please see the Group News section starting on page 15 for details, venues and
times of group meetings.

JUNE genera starting with the letters ‘E, F
26th Northland Group meeting and G’.
26th Hawke’s Bay Group meeting
28th Society monthly meeting at JULY

3rd

Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden South Auckland Group meeting
and Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm. 13th Bay of Plenty Group meeting
Monthly choice competition: Bi-17th Eastern BOP Group meeting
generics. There will be talks by Chris 26th Society monthly meeting at
Paterson on the Tepuis (the steep sided, Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden
table topped mountains found in south and Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm.
eastern Venezuela and in Guayana) and Monthly choice competition: Broms
by Peter Waters on unusual bromeliad with longitudinal stripes (any genus).

FRONT COVER: John and Agatha Lambert took the ‘hippy trail’ and braved
some narrow winding Australian back roads to visit Kerry Tate and view her
‘away from it all’, colourful bromeliad haven. Read about their adventure and see
some great photos, starting on page 18. Kerry Tate’s Vriesea ‘Tiger Tim’ is our
front cover photo. It’s a cultivar of Vriesea ospinae gruberi. Photo by JAGA.


PRESIDENT’S PAGE

H
H
i everyone, isn’t it amazing, as
you read this we have already
passed the shortest day of
the year.

I always look forward to this happening
as I feel we are half way through
winter and looking forward to longer
warmer days ahead, but honestly we
can’t really complain about winter so
far. The grass is still growing fast and
furious and Peter keeps waiting for
the ground to dry out a little bit so he
can mow the lawns. Life has got to be
about more than watching the weather.

Our ‘Cool Broms’ auction in May
was very successful, many thanks to
all those involved… everyone who
donated plants, the auctioneer and of
course, the buyers!

Could I please make a request for
members to wear their name badges to
monthly meetings. Our meetings are a
social gathering and it certainly helps
when we all have our name badges
on, I leave mine in the glovebox of the
car so I don’t forget it. I don’t know
about you but sometimes my memory
takes time to kick in. A clipboard will
be passed around at the June meeting
so please put your name down if you
require a name badge.

Don Brown will be taking my place
to chair the June meeting as I will be
sailing across the Tasman to Sydney
for a few days, I hope we have calm
seas. Take care, wrap up, keep warm
and healthy.

Jocelyn Coyle

To bid or not to bid…


L
L
ast month’s meeting was also
‘Cool Broms’ conference
auction night. This is an event
that I really enjoy, it is not only a
night where we have a good time
but it’s also an important part of
Society fundraising for the upcoming
conference. I would particularly like
to thank all those members and non
members who donated the plants and
books. In all we had 25 lots to auction.

Before the meeting I sat down with one
of our senior members and asked him
which plant he would like to bid on. ‘I
can’t afford any of those plants’, was
his reply, to which I said, ‘well, you

never know’. At the end of the night
he went home with a plant he had been
after for a few years, and also a big
smile on his face.

When I’m asked what price a particular
plant went for I can’t remember. That’s
not my job. I just love doing the
auction, making some of you smile
and, most of all, helping to make the
auction a success. Thanks everyone for
your bidding and being such a good
crowd. Wait until the next auction and
maybe you too will take home a good
plant!

Totara Pete


Bromeliad Society May Meeting News


– Dave Anderson
P
P
resident Jocelyn welcomed
everyone and spoke about the
2013 Australasian Conference to
be held in Auckland with the proceeds
of tonight’s auction of donated plants
going into the fund. The auction held
later in the evening was a great success
with over $1,300.00 being collected
from the 26 donated plants. Jocelyn
said that we are always looking for
articles for the Journal so on these
winter nights try and put pen to paper
and tell us about your plants.

Peter Waters took us through ‘Show and
Tell’. There were only two plants on the
table, the first for display was a Tillandsia
complanata with approximately a
dozen red flower spikes emanating
from the lower leaves. A medium sized
plant with soft thin green leaves which
produces its inflorescences in the leaf
axils and hence does not stop growing
after flowering with a small stem
developing in time. The second plant
brought in for naming was identified
as a Nidularium amazonicum with its
red/bronze colouring to the undersides
of the leaves. Sometimes the plant is
misnamed as the species Nidularium
innocentii; however amazonicum has
greenish/white petals compared to the
white petals of innocentii.

Peter Coyle was our auctioneer for this
month’s plant sale with all proceeds
going into the 2013 Conference Fund.
And what a magnificent job Peter did!!
Peter Waters then gave a talk on unusual
genera of bromeliads with the letters
starting C and D. First up was Catopsis

– a genus that has about 18 species and
belongs to the tillandsioideae subfamily.
They have soft green leaves with many
species having a white chalky film
on the lower surface. There are only
4 or 5 species of this genus in NZ.
Connellia, a genus of 6 species related
to the Navias many of which grow on
the tepuis in Venezuela. Cottendorfia
florida, a genus with a solitary
species quite spiky also belonging
to the Pitcairnioideae subfamily.
Deinacanthon urbanianum another
genus with a solitary species that looks
similar to a Puya. Disteganthus has two
species and Disteganthus lateralis is
similar to an Aechmea but with lateral
inflorescences. Deuterocohnia - a genus
of about 14 species, 4 of which were in
the now defunct Abromeitiella genus.
Some of these species that only grow
2.5cm high can look quite spectacular
when grown into a large clump. Dyckia
a genus of some 140 species – see the
article in the May journal.

Peter Coyle won this month’s special
raffle prize and immediately auctioned
it off giving the proceeds to the
conference fund. The door prizes went
to Laura Gosse, Donna Cramond and
Andrew Maloy.

COMPETITIONS

Open Flowering: First Alan Cliffe with
Billbergia ‘Poquito Mas’ – a smallish
plant with heavily white spotted green
leaves. It has an intense red colouration
to the inflorescence. The parents of
‘Poquito Mas’ are ‘Poquito Blanco’
x ‘Fantasia’; the hybrid being made
in 1985. David Goss was second with
Aechmea racinae – a clump of seven


plants in flower. A charming species
with soft glossy green leaves and a
bright yellow and red flower panicle
that hangs as a pendulous stem. Despite
coming second this plant was voted
‘Plant of the Month’ which it deserved.
Also in the competition were Aechmea
purpureorosea, Nidularium ‘Leprosa’ –
a cv. of Nidularium rurilans, procerum,
‘Stripes’ a cv. of Nidularium procerum
that has very distinct longitudinal red
stripes to the leaves regardless of light
conditions; Neoregelia ‘Roseo Lineata’
and Vriesea ‘Golden Legend’.

Open Foliage: Peter Coyle was first with
a Vriesea ‘Yellow Wave’ – NZ, seedling
from hieroglyphica with yellowish
tinge, 75cm diameter, Glyph Group.
Second was Don Brown with Vriesea
‘Chestnut Wave’. In the competition
were Billbergia ‘Domingos Martins’
x ‘C’est Bon’, ‘Simply Irresistible’;
Neoregelia ‘Jeffery Block ; Vriesea
hieroglyphica hybrid, ‘Dark Knight’ x
‘Snowman’ and ‘Pacific Blush’.

Tillandsia: Lynette Nash was first
with Tillandsia crocata; a wonderfully
mounted huge clump with a great many
highly perfumed flowers. Second with
a Tillandsia punctulata also in flower
was John Mitchell. Other plants on the
table were Tillandsia comarapaensis,
streptophylla, stricta, tectorum and
recurvifolia.

Neoregelia: First Peter Coyle with
Neoregelia ‘Gespacho’ x ‘Alkazar’ and
he was also second with Neoregelia
‘Goldilocks’ x a variegated Neoregelia
cruenta. Also in the competition
were Neoregelia carolinae (black) x
carcharodon, ‘Blood Plum’, ‘Empress’,
‘Gold Lotto’ , ‘Chiquita Linda’ ,

‘Lamberts Pride’ x ‘Alkazar’ and ‘First
Prize’.

Named Monthly Plant (Red tipped
broms. any genera): First was Peter
Coyle with a Vriesea ‘Candyman’ -
gigantea x platynema var. variegata;
that inherits the pink colours and leaf
tips from the latter species. He was
also second with the lovely species
Neoregelia ‘De Rolf’. In the competition
were Aechmea orlandiana, ‘Mirlo’;
Neoregelia cyanea, ‘Strawberry Lace’,
‘Chili Verde’, ‘Red Macaw’, ‘Exotica’
and xNeotanthus ‘Firefoam’.

The Plant of the Month went to David
Goss with Aechmea racinae.

NEXT MEETING: Tues 28th June.



Growing tips for beginners – Part 2


– Graeme Barclay
W
W
e’re following on from
Part 1 in May where
we covered the general
growing requirements for the common
bromeliad genera. In Part 2 we now
look at the basics of getting started in
the garden or greenhouse.

1. Acclimatisation and light
While most bromeliads are often
extremely adaptable, a common
mistake that is often made is to bring
home a plant or cut off a pup and put
it straight into an environment it is not
used to. This often causes the plant
to go into shock, fade/burn/elongate
its leaves, or flower prematurely,
regardless of whether it is a young
pup or a mature specimen. Always
try to find out what conditions it was
growing under before you got it. A
brom taken from a warm, sheltered
greenhouse will normally not survive
very well if planted immediately into
a cold, wet and windy garden…a bit
like us really! If you wish to have it
positioned in a much sunnier or windier
spot, make sure you acclimatise it
slowly over a few months by giving
it gradually more outdoor time/sun/
wind before planting. However, any
pups that emerge from the mother
plant in the new environment, will
normally be able to handle the new
conditions much better than mum did

– remember they are quite adaptable!
Finding the correct light levels for

each of your bromeliads in order for
them to look their best cannot be over
emphasised. This is often a trial and
error process that may take months
or even years, depending on your
growing environment. A general rule to
remember; more light = more warmth
= better colour and better form. Most
broms love warmth and humidity, so
experiment positioning them in places
where they can handle as much light
and sun as they can take, without
scorching or bleaching the leaves and
drying out. Conversely, placing most
broms in full shade areas will often
cause the plant to lose any red/orange/
yellow colours or patterning, reverting
to longer strappy green leaves that
often look nothing like what it’s
supposed to look like! (see the two
photos next page). This can be very
disappointing (especially after paying
good money for a special plant), so
use shade with as much caution as
planting in sunny areas. Remember the
first point from Part 1 … ‘Learn your
plant’s specific growing requirements
before you start’.

2. Growing media
Almost all bromeliads like a very free
draining, or ‘loose’ growing media.
Do not plant them in clay or heavy/
waterlogged top-soils, as they are
likely to suffer and rot at the base. Any
fine bark or pumice based ‘potting’
mix is ideal to use – often sold in 40
litre bags from garden centres. The


key is to ensure any bagged mix does
NOT contain high levels of nitrogen
slow release fertiliser, as this can cause
the plants to grow excessively soft and
strappy. However, a small amount of
3-6 month slow release fertiliser in
potting mix is normally fine for most
broms and will give pups a good start.

A good tip to make your potting mix go
further, is to add in other media such as
30% to 50% of the volume in; pumice
sand, peat, coarse river sand, coarse
gravel, scoria, larger bark chips and
broken pieces or balls of polystyrene.
Broms are not that fussy what you
use…and remember, no-one can see
inside your pots! The ratios of media
in your mix can vary – there are no set
rules – as long as they help make the
mix porous, allowing sharp drainage,
reasonable airflow and drying ability
around the roots.

3. Planting and potting
Most bromeliads do not need roots to
be formed when they are planted. They
will develop good roots over time if the
mix is free draining, they are watered
and not knocked around or stressed.

GARDEN PLANTING – Dig a 5-6
inch wide and deep hole for smaller
plants and 6-9 inches for larger plants.
If the soil is heavy clay etc, use a steel
rod or garden fork to make a few 4-6
inch deep drain holes in the bottom of
the hole. This will aid draining water
away from the base of the plant after
heavy rain/excessive watering. 3/4
fill the hole with your free draining

potting mix (as explained above),
insert the plant into the mix and press
the mix firmly - not tightly - around the
plant on all sides. Take care to ensure
the plant is NOT positioned too deeply,
as excess moisture and pressure can
cause basal rot. Fill the rest of the
hole around the plant and use larger
bark pieces, pebbles or small stakes
if necessary to keep the plant stable
in any wind etc. Alternatively, a good
tip is the whole pot the plant is in can
either be partially or fully buried in the
ground. This allows easy removal and
repositioning at a later date if desired.

POTTING – Choose a pot big enough
to house a mature plant of the type you
are potting. Put around 1 inch deep of
larger media (chunky bark, polystyrene
chips, scoria etc) in the bottom of the
pot to ensure good drainage so the pot
and roots will never sit in any water.
Pot the plant in the centre of the pot
as above (as high as possible without
it becoming unstable). Two or three
thin bamboo skewers are great for
holding young pups upright in the pot
until they form their roots and can
stand on their own. Another good tip is
to also put a layer of smaller bark (or
pebbles) around the top of the potting
mix to prevent moss growth and weed
growth and help retain moisture in hot
weather.

TREE AND ROCK MOUNTING –
Many Bromeliads are also epiphytic
(will grow well in trees) so they do
not need any soil at all. These can
simply be tied on with wire, strips of
elasticised ribbing material or simply

Cont’d P8


Cont’d from P7 – Growing tips for beginners

glued, nailed or stapled through or
around the woody part of the base
(stolon) onto the tree or rock. However,
DO NOT fix them to or allow them
to touch any tanalised timber fences,
trellis, decks or oil painted surfaces, as
the chemicals used in these are highly
toxic to most bromeliads and can kill

them. Always ensure the plant base is
stable and doesn’t move in the wind. It
will then normally put out new roots,
helping it attach more securely.

Next month we will finish by looking at
removing pups, watering and fertilisng
and disease and pest control.


Neo.
‘Dexter’s Pride x concentrica
– showing good form and
colour postioned in high light.


Another Neo.
‘Dexter’s Pride’ x concentrica
– grown in full
shade only 3 metres away from the other, with no colour and
strappy leaves.


Librarian’s corner – Noelene Ritson


A
A
reminder that some of the
Australian and American
Society newsletters and
journals have been put into mixed
folders and are available for you to
borrow. They contain interesting and
practical information and articles
which can be adapted to suit your
growing conditions. Many of the plants
in the photographs are not available
here but we can dream can’t we? And
our own hybridisers are always doing
their best to satisfy our ‘cravings’.

Many of you have bought copies of
John Catlan’s ‘Bromeliads under the
Mango Tree’, a little book that contains
an amazing amount of useful, practical
information and lots of quotes to make
you laugh – like ‘to err is human; to
blame the plant is even more human.’
We have a copy of ‘Bromeliads under
the Mango Tree’ in the library.

John is a regular writer for ‘BromLink’,
the newsletter of the Gold Coast
Bromeliad and Succulent Society
and some of those publications are
included in the library folders, so you
can easily read more of John’s articles.
I always enjoy reading ‘Bromeliana’
published by the New York Bromeliad
society and edited by Herb Plever.
I’m always fascinated to read how
Herb grows his broms on the 8th floor
of his New York apartment. In one of
his articles he wrote that he had put
35 wick watered potted plants on the
terrace for summer but as he said,
‘Of course, I still have 3 rooms of
broms inside the apartment.’ Now that
is real dedication (or obsession?).

I think of my collection spread around
my 1/5 acre garden – do they need full
sun – semi shade or full shade? My
plants certainly don’t get the tender
loving care that Herb’s plants get, but
I love them just the same and I can’t
imagine my garden without them.

I just don’t win any prizes at the
show!


WANTED TO bUy:

Quesnelia edmundoi
var. rubrobracteata,
Aechmea orlandiana cultivars
‘Pickaniny’ and ’Black Beauty’,
Vriesea ‘Galaxy’,
Billbergia ‘Domingos Martins’.


John blanch 027 251 6323 or
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

WANTED TO bUy:

French Tillandsia book,
‘Les Tillandsia et les Racinaea’
by Rougenant


Wilma 07 5422243 or
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

WANTED TO bUy:

Vriesea ‘Golden Legend’ and
Vriesea ‘Vista’


Phone Peter (09) 4168272

We will publish Buy or Swap notices from
members of the Society. Maximum 30 words.
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or postto: 14 Matanui St, Northcote, North Shore City.


Bromeliad Cultivar
Registry online

An up-to-date version of the Bromeliad
Cultivar Registry (BCR) developed
by Geoff Lawn (BSI Registrar) in
conjunction with Eric Gouda and Derek
Butcher is available online. Type the
following URL into your browser:

http://botu07.bio.uu.nl/bcl/bcr/


This online version of the BCR will be
continuously updated, so you can keep
track of the latest registered cultivars.

Don’t forget to save the URL into your
‘favorites’.

Please don’t forget
to wear your
nametags at our
monthly Society
meetings

It’s a social occasion and it
makes it all so much easier –
especially for those of us with
failing memories! If you’ve
lost your nametag a clipboard
will be passed around at the
June monthly meeting and you
can put your name down
for a new one. THANKS.

Tillandsias from Guatemala… available now!
We have imported new stocks of:
juncifolia scaposaseleriana fuchsii
magnusiana velutinacaput-medusae butziiionantha junceatricolor melancrater
Totara Waters
89 Totara Road
Whenuapai
Phone (09) 416 8272

Gerry Stansfield inspired many local
hybridisers – Andrew Devonshire

No series on bromeliad hybridisers would be complete without featuring our own
Gerry Stansfield. I started planning this series of articles just over a year ago,
and Gerry was to be the first person profiled. Unfortunately he was not well at the
time, and I now regret not being able to write this article before he passed away.
This series on bromeliad hybridisers has really been a tribute to Gerry, as thanks
to his dedication, commitment, and willingness to share his knowledge, he has had
a major influence on each of the local hybridisers profiled.

G
G
erry developed an international I first met Gerry back in 2002 at his Te
reputation in the bromeliad Atatu home. This was about the time I
world, building up a vast was just getting started in bromeliads,
knowledge from collecting, and and Gerry was advertising bromeliads
breeding plants over a period spanning for sale in the ‘Trade and Exchange’.
more than forty years. He was a regular At that stage I didn’t know a neo from
speaker at the monthly meetings, and a vriesea, but Gerry was very patient
he wrote many articles for our Journal with me, and took the time to show me
(and a good number were reprinted in around his vast collection. After about
overseas bromeliad newsletters and an hour, and with my mind spinning
journals). with information, I came away with a

new appreciation for these plants, and
A few of his other achievements were: of course such were Gerry’s sales skills


Founding member of the Bromeliad that I also came away with many more
Society of New Zealand. plants than I had intended to buy!

Editor of the Society’s Journal from
2002 to 2004. Gerry encouraged me to come along

Manager of the Society Seed Bank to the Society meetings, and it was
from 1999 to 2004. few months later that an opportunity

New Zealand Registrar for the BSI came up. I had a work function in the
from 2001 to 2010. Mt Eden area which was coincidently

In June 2008 at the 18th World on the fourth Tuesday of the month, so
bromeliad conference in Cairns I decided to drop into the bromeliad
he was presented with a bromeliad meeting… just to check it out. By
cultivar registration award to chance, Gerry was speaking that evening
celebrate his plant breeding, on hybridising and seed raising. I had
naming of new cultivars and his grown different plants from seed, so the
encouragement of other New concept of growing bromeliads from
Zealand breeders to register their seed really interested me, and based
hybrids. on the prices of bromeliads it seemed

In March 2010 he was made a life a good way to build up a collection…
member of the Bromeliad Society of besides, Gerry made the process sound
New Zealand. so easy!
Cont’d P12 11


Cont’d from P11 – Gerry Stansfield, hybridiser

Thanks to Gerry’s enthusiasm and
encouragement over the next few years,
I became fascinated with the entire
hybridising and seed raising process.
Now, after raising many thousands of
bromeliads from seed, I’ve been able
to create and name a few of my own
hybrids.

Gerry also inspired my interest in
creating variegated neos. I have always
liked the variegated neos, and I think
good variegation can definitely add
a distinctive feature to plants, so the
prospect of creating my own had real
appeal. Years ago Gerry wrote an article
for our Journal dealing with variegation
in bromeliads, and part of the article
focused on how to make variegated
neo hybrids. I think I must have read
that section so many times that I had it
virtually memorised word for word! In
the article Gerry described how he had
tried to create his own variegated neo
hybrids using plants like Neoregelia
carolinae tricolor, and the variegated
form of Neoregelia ‘Meyendorffii’,
however he did not have much success.
From his correspondence with Chester
Skotak and R L Frasier, he was able
to get them to reveal some of their
secrets on how to create a variegated
mother plant that could produce a good
percentage of variegated seedlings.
Based on this, Gerry went on to make
a variegated plant that he subsequently
registered as Neoregelia ‘Midas
Touch’, so called as it would pass on
the “Midas touch”, or in this case the
‘variegated touch’ to a high percentage
of its seedlings. From this plant he
created many nice variegated hybrids,
including ‘Little Charmer’, ‘Destiny’,
‘Pink Star’, and of course ‘Stargazer’.

A search of the BCR shows that Gerry
registered over 80 of his own hybrids,
and he named many more. Neoregelia
‘Carnival’ is just one of his impressive
neo hybrids. It’s a lovely large
marmorated plant he made from ‘Pink
Champagne’ and ‘Sharlock’.

While Gerry is probably best known for
his neo hybrids, he also made a number
of crosses with aechmea, billbergia,
nidularium, and vriesea. In addition,
he created a few interesting bigenerics,
including his xCanmea creations of
‘Wild Leopard’ and ‘Wild Tiger’.

Gerry had a true passion for these plants
from Bromelioideae, Pitcarnioideae,
and Tillandsioideae, the bromeliad
sub-families that he so often, and so
eloquently pronounced. A couple of
his favourite comments still ring in my
ears each time I see bromeliads on the
show table…with a twinkle in his eye
he’d say… ‘I’d love to get my hands on
that’ or ‘That’s a beauty, I’d love to play
around with that’.

Gerry inspired in many of us an
enthusiasm for hybridising, and he left
all of us a lasting legacy with his many
bromeliad hybrids. Thanks Gerry.

References:

Journal of the BSNZ January 2005 Vol
45 No. 1; Spotlight on our Members,
Gerry and Margaret Stansfield by
Alan Cliffe.


Gerry Stansfield, hybridiser

xNiduregelia ‘Sensation’. Photo courtesy of John Mitchell. Vriesea ‘Mystic Charm’


Neoregelia ‘Golden Touch’ Neoregelia ‘Red Glitter’

13


OFFICERS


Patron: Patricia Sweeney Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
President: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272 Committee: Graeme Barclay 09-835 0358
Vice Presidents: Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451 John Blanch 09-534 0605
Don Brown 09-361 6175 David Cowie 09-630 8220
Secretary: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671 Chris Paterson 09-625 6707
Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616 Cultivar Registrar: Barry Uren 09-235 5244
Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114 Species Preservation:
Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt, Barry Uren 09-235 5244
Len Trotman, Patricia Sweeney, Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366
Peter Waters Auditor: Colin Gosse

MEMBERSHIP SUBSCRIPTION

New Zealand:

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00 discount if paid before the end of February).
Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00 ($5.00 discount also applies as above).

Overseas:

AUD $30.00 Australia, US $30.00 United States and other overseas countries. Send all payments to
the Treasurer, Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012.

CORRESPONDENCE

All general correspondence should be sent to the Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,

P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland, New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters or
articles in the Journal are the contributors’ own views and do not necessarily express the views or
policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc.
BROMELIAD JOURNAL

Deadline:

For all editorial and advertising, the first
Tuesday of publication month

Editorial Committee

Dave Anderson
Murray Mathieson
Peter Waters

Regular Writers

Andrew Devonshire
Graeme Barclay
John and Agatha Lambert

Production

Murray Mathieson

Distribution

Dave Anderson

All enquiries and contributions welcome, please
contact any member of the editorial committee
or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise,
Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012 or email:
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Display Advertising

Rates are:
Full Page $60.00
Half Page $30.00
Quarter Page $15.00

‘Buy & Swap’

Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for
members of the Society (max. 30 words).
For advertising enquiries and material, please
contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366
or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Group News

Far North Bromeliad Group

– Bevlyn Bibby
Forty two members gathered at Eric and
Glen’s expansive eight acre Ohaeawai
garden in May. This old missionary land
was once part of George Clark’s farm.
Eric and Glen have been at Ohaeawai
for 15 years. Eric has 96 varieties of
miniature neos – and we were able to buy
some of these treasures. The collection
of approx 500 bromeliads from Vi
Geddes have been taken to Rex’s for
sorting, cleaning and repotting. Thanks
Rex and David. Some plants will be kept
for future raffles. Members interested in
purchasing at reasonable prices should
contact Rex.
On the ‘Skite table’ Joy Johnson showed
an excellent Aechmea ‘Blue Rain’.
Several of us acquired this DeRoose
hybrid when it came out about three
years ago. Also there was Hohenbergia
correia-araujoi. The chocolate and
silver striped leaves make it a good
potted specimen.

‘Show and Tell’ – The letters O and P.
Ochagavia carnea. Native to Chile
(and Juan Fernandes Island), clustering,
spiny rounded leaves (like a cactus), has
just finished flowering, deep rose pink
floral bracts with lavender flowers and
pronounced yellow stamens.
Orthophytum: several examples of
this genus from the high cool rocky
faces in Brazil. Grow as pot plants like
succulents, some soft and pliable, some
with vicious thorns. Examples shown
included – O. saxicola, O. disjunctum,

O. sucrei and O. vagans.
Pitcairnia: several examples from
this very big, and very diverse genus.
The 300 odd species widespread in
nature – from Central America, south
to Argentina, along the Peru Coast and
even in Africa. Specimens included the
spiky P. heterophylla ,P. flammea (not
as good as the Pyne’s specimen) and P.
atrorubens.
There were a number of Puya, and Portea
specimens growing in the garden. So big
and spiky, they could only be viewed
from a distance.
Next Meeting: 12 June at the home of
Mary Campbell, Waipapa West. Visitors
are most welcome – please contact
Poppy on 09 407 9183.

Northland Bromeliad Group

– Lois Going
Our May at the painting studio at
Reyburn House in the Town Basin had
a very good attendance with several new
members. The competition was well
supported:

1st

Joy Barnes – Neoregelia ‘Fosperior

2nd

Perfection’; – Jan Mahoney –
Neoregelia ‘Royal Hawaiian’; 3rd = Eva
Lewis – a neoregelia hybrid; Freda Nash

– Guzmania ‘Indian’.
Andrew Steens was our speaker and
his main theme was taking pups off
bromeliads. Andrew advocated pulling
pups off where possible, rather than
cutting, as he feels there is less likelihood
of infection if the pups come off at a
natural break point. He also talked about
fertilising, diseases such as rot and scale,
and the use of a fibre medium to strike the
pups. A very informative talk, and most
advantageous for our newer members.
Next Meeting: 26th June at 1.30pm at
Helen Cuff’s, 14 Cypress Gardens Place,
Onerahi. Members are encouraged to
bring plants for sale from now on unless
the meeting is held at the home of a
major grower.

Eastern Bay of Plenty Bromeliad &
Orchid Group

– Alison Iremonger
A mass of stunning vrieseas and
alcantareas at our May meeting at
Matata made a wonderful sight. 27
members attended and Andrew and
Rhonda Maloy were our speakers. They
brought a collection along to show and
to sell. Andrew’s talk was interesting
and informative. The foliage colours
on Andrew and Rhonda’s plants ranged
from cream and green, to pink and red
tinges. Sue Laurent thanked Andrew and
Rhonda and then reminded members of
our two upcoming trips, one to Tauranga
and one to Auckland.
Next Meeting: 17th July at the
Professional Real Estate rooms and a
bromeliad in an unusual container is our
challenge.

South Auckland Bromeliad Group

– Marion Morton
After an appalling week of weather the
sun shone for our June meeting and a
very good crowd. We were sorry to hear
that Graham West was unable to attend
as he had not long come out of hospital
following a mild heart attack, and is now
recovering at home. We all wish him a
speedy recovery,

Hawi Winter gave an entertaining
PowerPoint presentation of the 600
odd photographs taken during our trip
to Whakatane in March. Roy Morton,
who ran the meeting, thanked him for
doing such a fantastic job. If any of our
members would like to purchase a DVD
please contact Margaret Kitcher. They
are $10 each. The raffles were won by
Marion Kitcher and Gwen Marvin.

Next Meeting: Sunday, 3rd July at the
Auckland Botanic Gardens at 1:30pm.
Our guest speaker will be Win Shorrock
who will talk about tillandsias.

Bay of Plenty Bromeliad Group

– Jo Elder
President Lynley welcomed 37 members
and one visitor to the meeting. Our guest
speaker was Shirley Sparks on the Te
Puna Quarry Park. The 32 hectare quarry
was on crown land and was worked from
1902 until 1970. It was closed for 20
years and became overrun with creepers,
feral plants and animals. Shirley, who
lived nearby, was the instigator in
forming the Quarry Gardens in the 1990s
and with the help of volunteers made it
the beautiful area that it is today.
One of our group members, Audrey
Hewson, was presented with an award
for her years of helping in the quarry.
Audrey has helped to form and maintain
the orchid area. Two other members,
Lynley and Alec Roy, have worked
tirelessly to plant and keep the bromeliad
area in good order.

Plant of the month: Nidularium and
Canistropsis. We had a very good display
of these plants, some of which were

Nidularium procerum, rutilans, fulgens,
innocentii var. striatum, purpureum,
innocentii var lineatum, terminale,
regeloides, ‘Nana’

1st

Competition: Neoregelia ‘Rosea

Striata’ – Jo Elder; 2nd Vriesea ‘Chestnut
3rd

Wave’ – Jo Elder; Cryptanthus
‘Cascade’ – Gill Keesing. Also tabled
were Neoregelia ‘Exotic Velvet’and
Aechmea orlandiana (purpurea),
Aechmea ‘Ensign’ which was in perfect
condition, (well done Graeme Alabaster
this is not an easy plant to grow well).


Tillandsia: 1st Tillandsia stricta – Audrey
Hewson; 2nd Tillandsia ionantha stricta
– Jo Elder; 3rd Tillandsia scaposa –
Bertha Schollum. Also tabled, Tillandsia
tenuifolia, guatemalensis, araujei,
tectorum, crocata, caput-medusae x
capitata.

Elizabeth Bailey had a plant that
was thought to be Neoregelia ‘Royal
Hawaiian’.
Next Meeting: July 13th in the TYPB
Clubrooms at 12.30pm. Our guest
speaker will be Peter Waters. Plant of the
month: Aechmeas. No garden visits this
month.


It is with much sadness that we inform
members of the recent death of Kevin
Schollum. Kevin was a long-standing
member of our Bay of Plenty Bromeliad
Group and he will be sadly missed by
all. We extend our sincere sympathy to
Bertha and family.

– Jo Elder
Hawke’s Bay Bromeliad Group

– Judy Newman
Again with a large number of members
present the need for a roomier venue was
discussed. Committee members had been
to inspect a couple of halls and reported
their findings to members. One member
suggested one of the local intermediate
schools.
The talk for the day, by Colin Anderson,
was about the cold hardiness of
bromeliads. He had brought along
his lovely clump of Abromeitiella
brevifolia to illustrate how the plant
grew in a very tight mound to protect
it from the cold. Very much like some
of our native Raoulia. A discussion
on frost cloth followed pointing out
that the gap between the plant and the

cloth was important. It was also shown
how important rocks and stones were
for keeping plants warm in our cooler
climate.
Some members brought along plants
they grew out in the open which were not
affected by some frost. These included
several different Aechmea recurvata,
Fascicularia bicolor, Dyckia and an
unknown Vriesea. (By the way have
other members seen the huge clumps of
Fascicularia bicolor in the rock gardens
at the Dunedin Botanic gardens?) Other
plants shown would take cold as long as
they had trees protecting them.
An outline of the programme for the the
year, including a day trip to Holts Bush
near Tutira in the spring, was presented.
The thousands of daffodils should be
spectacular under the trees which were
planted many, many years ago.

Competition:

1st

Neoregelia: Neoregelia ‘Empress’

– Grace Smith; 2nd equal Neoregelia
‘Perfection’ – Wade Smith and
Neoregelia ‘Red Flecks’ – Judy
Newman; 3rd equal Neoregelia Hannibal
Lector ‘Clarise’ -Yvonne Richardson
and Neoregelia ‘Sheer Joy’ – Ken Fern
1st

Miniature/small: Abromeitiella

2nd

brevifolia – Colin Anderson;
Tillandsias on driftwood – Judy
Newman; 3rd Neoregelia lilliputiana -
Margaret Bluck
Aechmea: 1st equal Aechmea fasciata
‘Primera’ – Pieter Franklin and Aechmea
orlandiana ‘Reverse Ensign’ – Grace
Smith; 2nd Aechmea nudicaulis ‘Silver

3rd

Streak’ – Wade Smith; Aechmea
recurvata – Yvonne Gilbertson

Next Meeting: 26th June 2pm at St John
Hall, Taradale. Discussion is Australian
plant breeders and their plants and the
competition is plants with variegated
foliage.


A trip to Kerry Tate’s garden – JAGA


T
T
ravelling to the ‘Land down
Under (or Up Over)’ we took
a hippy trail in northern New
South Wales, starting out at Byron Bay.
We travelled to Terania Creek and The
Channon district, passing through the
infamous Nimbin (google it!) along
narrow, winding back roads.

We passed through lush picturesque
countryside (accentuated by recent
heavy rains) and Kerry’s only directive
was to look for a green letter box,
which we found hidden in the trees.
This was important as our GPS only
got us to Terania Creek Road.

Kerry’s place is a bromeliad haven
surrounded by semi-cleared rainforest
and the ever-running creek. You will
not find a manicured lawn here, or
the organised arrangements of pots
and theme gardens. Kerry is an artist
of several disciplines, and her garden
is a work of art – dazzling colours
and textures created by bromeliads
mounted on trees, and understory
plantings (some amongst untamed
grass). There is enough variety of
bromeliads here to thrill the most hard
core collector, and enough artistry to
delight the most critical eye.

Some of the items that thrilled
us included a luscious clump of
Vriesea ‘Tiger Tim’, exotic looking
hohenbergias, and a substantial
collection of Neoregelia carcharodon
hybrids. Some of the eye candy
includes a brightly coloured clump of

Aechmea ‘Xavante’ mounted on a tree
and a composition featuring Aechmea
‘Friederike’ variegated, Aechmea
orlandiana and Billbergia sanderiana
along a tree branch. Indeed, the
tree-mounted bromeliads provide a
spectacular aerial display of colour and
form. Kerry has successfully mounted
many different genera on numerous
trees, including foliage vrieseas.

Bromeliads are also accommodated
in a shade house and a polycarbonate
green house – coined ‘The Space
Shuttle’ by Kerry. The shade house
is large (about 7m x 14m) with
bromeliads lovingly cared for on
steel mesh bench tops. Well-grown
Margaret Paterson neoregelia hybrids
and an amazing Vriesea ‘Zapita’ are
in residence. The green house also
provides shelter to the more delicate
and tropical bromeliads such as the
ethereal Vriesea ‘White Cloud’ and
several Platyaechmea varieties.

Kerry is totally passionate about
bromeliads, and has an incredible
amount of knowledge relating to the
history and habits of every plant. Time
stands still when bromeliad addicts
get together in a place that is full of
bromeliads. As a result, we had to
drive back to Byron Bay in the dark,
along the narrow, winding tracks – and
yes, it was well worth the ‘trip’!

Many thanks to Kerry, Brad and their
daughter Julia for welcoming us into
their piece of bohemian paradise.


In Kerry Tate’s garden – photos by JAGA
Kerry Tate in her garden.
Neoregelia ‘Macho’ Aechmea ‘Xavante’
In Kerry Tate’s garden – photos by JAGA
Kerry Tate in her garden.
Neoregelia ‘Macho’ Aechmea ‘Xavante’
19


In Kerry Tate’s garden

– photos by JAGA
Aechmea chantinii (probably – itwould need to flower to be sure!)


Vriesea ‘White Cloud’ and Vriesea
‘Sunset’

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc
Bromeliad Journal – May 2011 issue
CONTENTS
President’s Page – Jocelyn Coyle 3 Bromeliad Society April meeting news – Graeme Barclay 4 About our library – Noelene Ritson 5 ‘Broms on Arafura’… a perspective on the Darwin conference – Peter Coyle 6 Growing tips for beginners (Part 1) – Graeme Barclay 7 A new direction for dyckia, with Chanin Thorut – Andrew Devonshire 9 ‘Cool Broms’ 2013 conference. Register your interest 14 Pre-winter chores in the garden – Gerry Stansfield 15 Bromeliads and cold – Dave Anderson 16 Wrapping up for winter – Jo Elder 17 Society officers, subs and Journal directory 18 Group News 19 Easy to grow nidulariums add colour – Peter Waters 22 Wittrockia ‘Leopardinum’ – Peter Waters 24
The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand

COMING EVENTS
Please see the Group News section starting on page 19 for details, venues and times of group meetings.
MAY JUNE 22nd Northland Group meeting 5th South Auckland Group meeting 24th Society monthly meeting at 8th Bay of Plenty Group meeting Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden 28th Society monthly meeting at and Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm. Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden Monthly choice competition: Red tipped and Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm. broms, any genera. There will also be a Monthly choice competition: conference auction. Bi-generics. 26th Hawkes Bay Group meeting
FRONT COVER: This month, thanks to Andrew Devonshire, we ‘change pace’ and focus on dyckias, specifically the amazing and exotic dyckia hybrids of Chanin Thorut. Chanin is a xeric bromeliad authority who lives in Bangkok, Thailand. See the article and all the great photos, starting on page 9. All the dyckia hybrids on the front cover are yet to be named. (Photos by Andrew Devonshire).


PRESIDENT’S PAGE
H
i everyone, I have just spent two sunny days in the garden and the only drawback has been that the entire garden is under a huge blanket of leaves thanks to the neighbours’ 54 poplar trees that are planted almost on the boundary. I tend to forget how much I hate this task that goes on for months and also how bromeliads just love catching leaves in their cups.
On Sunday 1st May we had another great garden ramble. The weather was a bit windy but it didn’t stop the hardy members coming out. The two gardens we saw were full of interesting and unusual plants, thanks guys for sharing your gardens with us, it’s always a treat to see something different and I even came away with a few plants tucked under my arm.
We all enjoyed the ‘Broms on Arafura’ conference in Darwin and I am sure we came away with something to think about. I really enjoyed the presentation ‘To feed or not to feed’ by Nigel Thomson, which has made me think that maybe we don’t feed our broms enough. Nigel, if you are coming to NZ please make it a meeting night and maybe you can show our members your presentation?
At our May meeting we’re having our ‘Cool Broms’ conference auction, so bring along some money and sit back and relax and get ready to bid on some plants. If you have a plant you would like to donate please contact Peter Waters and you can also bring some plants along for the conference sales table. You can now register your interest online in attending the conference. Don’t be shy – put your name down we have quite a few people (mainly Aussies) on it already… email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Cheers for now – see you on the 24th May at our monthly meeting.

Jocelyn Coyle
Special thoughts…

I know that our members will join with me in expressing our sympathy to two staunch Society members who have recently lost loved ones. To Alan Cliffe, in Auckland, who has lost his wife, Jan, and to Erin Titmus, in the Far North, who has lost her son, Blair, we send special thoughts of love and support.
Jocelyn

Bromeliad Society April Meeting News

– Graeme Barclay

J
ocelyn welcomed everyone including a number of new members and visitors, which was great to see. Jocelyn also reminded members that we have discontinued the seed bank due to lack of use. However if anyone has bromeliad seed they wish to share, please bring it to the next meeting and she will notify members at some point during the evening.
Peter Waters once again took us through the “Show and Tell” plants. First up was a large clump of a yellow miniature neoregelia wanting a positive identification. There had been some confusion that it was originally sold as Neoregelia ‘Nugget’, however Peter identified it as Neoregelia ‘Pauciflora Yellow’ which is a probable hybrid
– and quite different to the species pauciflora. Secondly, an aechmea also wanting a name from the orlandiana complex. It appeared smaller than a normal orlandiana with thinner, black tipped leaves, though Peter suggested it could either be fosteriana or a form of the common orlandiana x fosteriana hybrid known as ‘Bert’. There is also a smaller version of this cross known as ‘Little Bert’, which could also be a possibility. Lastly a medium sized dark red vriesea and also unidentified by the owner. It was shade grown but still retained an attractive crimson flush, quite possibly the old Hummel hybrid Vriesea ‘Carlsbad’, but we could not be sure.
We then had Peter Coyle give a brief talk and show seedling samples of a neoregelia hybrid he had made with smithii x ‘Cheers’ as the seed parent and ‘Yang’ as the pollen parent. It was very interesting to see the variation in size, shape, spotting levels and colour in the seedlings – some look as though they might be “keepers” in another year or two. Chris Paterson then led a discussion on ‘Preparing Broms for Winter’ where some useful tips were passed on regarding; light levels, positioning in the greenhouse and garden, cleaning and dead-leafing plants, fertilising strategies, spraying, using frost cloth and ‘Thermo Max’ spray. A very worthwhile talk for all, with winter on the horizon.
This month’s door prizes went to Tony Mooney, Jocelyn Coyle and Delma Pell.
COMPETITIONS
Open Flowering: First was John Mitchell, with a very large clump of the stoloniferous Nidularium camposportoi that had numerous heads in flower and looked stunning. Second was David Goss with Edmundoa lindenii var. rosea – a beautiful plant with its large pink petalled flower sitting prominently above the leaves. Also in the competition were Aechmea ‘Foster’s Freckles’, Billbergia ‘Hazy Purple’, ‘Golden Joy’ and a lovely cascading clump of Orthophytum sucrei. Open Foliage: Peter Coyle was first with Vriesea ‘Candyman’ – the beautiful pastel pink centered hybrid that is always a talking point. Second was Jocelyn Coyle with Neoregelia ‘Tartan Princess’, one of the ‘Aussie Dream’ siblings that had attained great colour, markings and a nice size. Also in the competition were Neoregelia ‘Empress’, Aechmea ‘Bert’, Billbergia ‘Beadleman’, Vriesea splendens, ‘ Midnight Splendor’, ‘Galaxy’, ‘Tiger Tim’, ‘White Mystic’ and a ‘Kiwi Hybrid’ with unusual dark purple markings. Tillandsia: Lynette Nash’s Tillandsia disticha (major) was first, superbly mounted on driftwood and looking brilliant, with second going to Peter Coyle’s Tillandsia caput-medusae x brachycaulos. There were also on the table Tillandsia brachycaulos, punctulata and crocata (large form). Neoregelia: First was Graeme Barclay with a compact and brightly marked Neoregelia ‘Break Of Day’ and Peter Coyle was second with a very nice new import from Australia Neoregelia ‘Cooloola Dazzler’. In the competition were Neoregelia ‘Love Letters’, ‘Gympie Bingo’, ‘Hot Gossip’, ‘Torch Dancer’, ‘Gunpowder’, ‘Manoa Beauty’, ‘Sweet Nellie 11A’, ‘Lucky Seven’ and ‘Hannibal Lector (variegated)’
Plant of the month – Aechmea orlandiana and cultivars: First was David Goss with a very nice Aechmea orlandiana (dark form) that had very defined markings and contrasting colours, whilst second went to Peter Coyle with a lovely specimen of the albomarginated Aechmea ‘Ensign’. Also in the competition were two more forms of orlandiana, ‘Bert’, ‘Pickaniny’ and another ‘Ensign’.
The “Plant of the Month” was shared first equal, with the Coyles taking it out – Peter with Vriesea ‘Candyman’ and Jocelyn with Neoregelia ‘Tartan Princess’. Congratulations to all the winners.
NEXT MEETING: Tuesday 24th May. Please remember your spare pups for the conference donation table.


Please use our Society library… we have a great selection for you to borrow
– Noelene Ritson, librarian

H
i everyone, just a reminder that we have a great library of books. Some of the more expensive books are kept in the reference section but remember, you are able to borrow these also if you have been a member for one year.
All books should be returned the month after being taken out, particularly the reference books, as members often come to look at books in this section at our monthly meetings.
And, even if you don’t want to take any books out you are welcome to come and browse and have a chat about books or to swap stories about the ‘highs’ and the ‘lows’ of growing broms. Remember, I can’t wander around the hall to talk to you – I can’t leave the library.
I hope to see you at the library corner at our next monthly meeting in Auckland!


Hosted by NT Bromeliad Society Inc.


A perspective… from ‘Totara Pete’
O
ur trip to ‘Broms on Arafura’ the 16th Australasian Bromeliad Conference was a total success. We arrived in Darwin (also known as the ‘Top End’) on the afternoon of the 7th April and went straight to the registration counter, joining a huge contingent of bromeliad ‘nutters’ or should I say ‘enthusiasts’ of our wonderful hobby. Actually, the highlight of the conference was meeting up with many friends that we only see every other year at these events. There were 174 delegates and all this was organised by a handful of Top End people, a bromeliad society that has about 34 members. Congratulations on a great conference!
There were four couples from NZ and that’s not bad considering the distance to travel. The small competition of show plants was very interesting with nice plants and the display was OK, and, knowing how many people organised the whole thing, I for one think they did well. The sales area was, as usual, the most popular place to be with lots of excellent plants on offer, many that we don’t see in NZ. There was a very good line-up of speakers, all good. Garden tours, good. The rare plant auction was very entertaining and included a couple of plants I would have loved to have in my private collection.
Fantastic restaurants up and down the main street, really good. I was told no more than 100 words so had better stop!
Long Grass
One of my very close friends, who was with us in Darwin, was most interested in speaking to some of the indigenous (aboriginal) people and by hook or by crook the opportunity came up while waiting at the bus stop. Our friend spoke with a young lady and extracted all the interesting information she wanted. The young lady told her she was 24 years old and lived with her sister and also revealed that she was a grandmother, she gave birth to a daughter at 12 years old who in turn also gave birth at 12 years old. Her father is a Long Grass. And, what is a Long Grass? It turns out that a Long Grass is a person who lives and sleeps in the park.

Growing tips for beginners – Part 1
– Graeme Barclay

F

or our recent 2011 Fiesta Show and Sale in Auckland the committee prepared an information flyer for those ‘new to broms’, outlining basic cultivation information for the common genera, information about Society and an invitation to attend a Society meeting for a free practical demonstration on ‘Growing Bromeliads’. We had fifteen people come along to the meeting, with all attendees learning something, and with most subsequently joining the Society.
I thought it would be useful to publish this cultivation information, in the Bromeliad Journal, in three parts. I’ve expanded a little on the beginner’s growing tips presented at the meeting demonstration.
GETTING TO kNOW YOUR NEW BROMELIAdS
The first step to growing great bromeliads is to identify what type (genus) of bromeliad you have, as some types require specific treatment and position in the garden or greenhouse to flourish and look their best. Below are some groups of the common genera available in New Zealand and what conditions they generally like.
NOTE: This is a general guide, so if possible always ask the seller or an experienced Bromeliad Society member what conditions your specific plant likes and stick to them, as there are some variations to these rules for specific plants. It’s also good to research online.


Neoregelia/Aechmea/Billbergia/ Quesnelia/Wittrockia/Portea

Thick, stiff, spiny, darker or deep red coloured leaves = generally will handle very bright light/minimal shade to full sun.


Soft, thin leaves, small/no spines = generally requires dappled/semi shade, protection from midday summer sun.



Free draining mix, very minimal or no fertilizer for best colour, keep centre cup and leaves and soil well watered in warmer months, drier in colder months. Many types are frost hardy, though overhead protection is advised to prevent marking.


Generally like bright light, much better suited to outdoors than indoors. Most types suitable for epiphytic tree mounting.

Vriesea/Alcantarea/Tillandsia (Green Leaf Forms)

Stiff or plain green/grey/dark red colouring to leaves = generally will handle very bright light/minimal shade to full sun.


Patterned leaves = generally requires dappled/semi shade, protection from midday summer sun.


Free draining mix, fertilize in warmer months for larger size, keep centre cup and leaves and soil well watered in warmer months, drier in colder months. Keep roots moist, not dry or soaking wet (cause of browning lower leaves and leaf tips).


Cont’d P8
Cont’d from P7 – Growing tips for beginners
• Generally like bright light, better suited to outdoors than indoors. Vriesea and Tillandsia suitable for epiphytic tree mounting if desired, Alcantarea best planted in the ground or on / around rocks. All must have frost protection.

Tillandsia (Grey Leaf Forms – ‘AirPlants’)

Do not plant in soil – should be glued to driftwood/cork/trees/rocks/hanging baskets etc. (not tanalised fences).


Many do not require any specific watering/fertilizing to grow – good air movement, rain and humidity is enough. However, some are sensitive to cold and DO require regular spray misting and/or feeding. Information from the seller and research is advised for all varieties. Most types are suitable for both indoors and outdoors.

Nidularium/Guzmania/Cryptanthus
• Soft, thin leaves, small/no spines = requires dappled/semi or full shade and protection from direct summer sun.

Free draining mix, fertilize in warmer months for larger size, keep centre cup and leaves and soil well watered in warmer months, drier in colder months. Keep roots moist, not dry or soaking wet (cause of browning lower leaves and leaf tips).


Suitable for both indoors and outdoors. Generally not recommended for epiphytic tree mounting.


dyckia/Orthophytum/Puya

Stiff, spiky leaves, most will handle full sun and frost.


Like very free draining mix and large pots. Fertilize in warmer months for larger size, and keep soil well watered in warmer months, drier in colder months. Keep roots moist, not dry or soaking wet (cause of browning lower leaves and leaf tips)


Must have very bright/direct light for best colour, better suited to outdoors than indoors.


Next month we will look at the basics of pup removal, potting mix, planting, light and shade.

We’re asking members to consider donating a special plant for the Society to auction at our May general meeting. All the proceeds for our ‘Cool Broms’ conference fund.
The plant can be any genus – pup or full grown


– the only proviso being that it’s something members will really want to bid for!
In the past most of the plants donated for these special auctions have come from committee members. It would be nice if we could spread it


BROMELIAD CONFERENCE around a bit this time! Thanks.


A new direction for Dyckia
– Article by Andrew Devonshire. Photos are by Chanin Thorut (in Thailand) and Andrew Devonshire (in New Zealand).
Andrew continues his series on bromeliad hybridisers with a ‘visit’ to Bangkok in exotic, tropical Thailand to look at the comprehensive dyckia collection of xeric bromeliads authority, Chanin Thorut.
C
hanin Thorut who lives in Bangkok, has had a life-long love of succulent plants but, even though he could have his pick of the many stunning bromeliads that grow exceptionally well in Thailand, he has overlooked the colourful neoregelia, and the flamboyant guzmania to focus his attention on xeric bromeliads.
It all began many years ago when cactus and succulents caught Chanin’s attention, when he was just 13 years of age. Since then, while he has always been interested in exotic ornamental plants, especially the rare and the unusual, his plant collecting focus has changed many times. Ferns featured for a time, before he moved on to African violets, then episcia, and then begonia. During a phase when he was growing hoya, Chanin imported over a hundred varieties, many of which are still traded in Thailand’s plant markets. Through the International Hoya Society, Chanin was also able to introduce many species of hoya into America. Orchids became a focus when Chanin was working as a journalist for a natural history publication, as he was often on expedition in Thailand’s tropical rainforests. He studied the native orchid species, primarily bulbophyllum, and he actually discovered three new species of endemic orchids. Collections of the fascinating caudiciforms, a group of plants with fat stems, or exposed succulent roots were to follow, along with the large agave and yucca.
About seven years ago, Chanin realised he had run out of space for these large succulents. By chance, a friend brought him some dyckia from America. These had been sourced from Dutch Vandervort, Bill Baker, Michael Kiehl and Dennis Cathcart. Chanin says… ‘It was love at first bite’ and he has never looked back. Chanin’s xeric bromeliad collection now includes encholirium, deuterocohnia, hechtia, puya and orthophytum. But it is definitely the dyckia that dominate, and Chanin would have one of the largest collections of dyckia species and hybrids outside South America. Over the last five years Chanin has created some five thousand of his own dyckia hybrids. He has also been experimenting with bigenerics, and was the first hybridist to cross xDyckcohnia ‘Conrad Morton’ back to other dyckia. He has recently crossed the highly prized Encholirium horridum with many of his own hybrid dyckia.
A couple of people have had a major influence on Chanin’s plant breeding. One is Chanin’s good friend, Hawaiian hybridiser Lisa Vinzant. Lisa is always willing to give helpful hybridising advice, support, and motivation. The other is Bill Baker, a great idol of Chanin’s. Bill Baker was the guru of dyckia hybridising, and he has left a legacy of amazing dyckia, including
Cont’d P10
Cont’d from P9 – Chanin Thorut
the stunning ‘Brittle Star’ which is still rated as one of the best and the most sought after dyckia hybrids.
While Chanin’s primary hybridising focus is on dyckia, he has dabbled a little in breeding with deuterocohnia, orthophytum, and cryptanthus. Years ago, Chanin imported over forty varieties of cryptanthus into Thailand, and his recent cryptanthus hybridising has resulted in a number of good plants, some of which have been named and registered.
For his dyckia hybridising, Chanin generally prefers using species such as platyphylla, brevifolia, and marnierlapostollei as they tend to produce compact, wide leaved plants with nice symmetrical rosettes. Dyckia macedoi, and Dyckia beateae are two other favourite species. Striated markings are a fascinating feature that can develop in macedoi hybrids, while beateae will often pass on its prominent spines. The dyckia hybrid ‘Charlot’, which Chanin named after a close friend, has proved to be a very good parent plant, as it will produce a high percentage of seedlings that show red or maroon colouration. Chanin has also done many crosses with the unusual fan-shaped Dyckia estevesii, but to date most of the resulting hybrids have turned out to look clumsy and unsymmetrical. There has been one notable exception, using the pollen from Dyckia estevesii, Chanin made a cross with xDyckcohnia ‘Conrad Morton’ and created a magnificent red plant, with the estevesii fan shape that he has named ‘Red Dragon’.
Chanin is meticulous with his hybridising, planning and recording each part of the process. Once he has done the initial work, his philosophy is to just let mother nature do her job, then he will select the best…and with a laugh, he says… also find the proper place for the rest!
Variegated bromeliads are relatively common in most bromeliad families, but for some reason they are very rare in dyckia, therefore the ‘Holy Grail’ of dyckia hybridising is to create variegated dyckia hybrids. Chanin recently paid over USD$500.00 for Dyckia ‘Dakota’ as it is one of the only variegated dyckia available, and it is his goal to some day develop one of his own.
There is a bright future for dyckia hybridising as plant collectors are always seeking something new, and dyckia are starting to be noticed. Thanks to the efforts of talented hybridisers, interesting new dyckia hybrids are becoming available and are appealing to a wider range of bromeliad growers who are now treating them as feature plants in their collections.
Dyckia are also starting to be used as showcase plants for xeric garden design, just as the likes of agave, aloe and echeveria are now. Currently in Florida, there is a surge of interest in using dyckia for landscaping. Many are quite cold tolerant, some will even handle light frost.
Chanin’s hope is that more people will try growing this intriguing group of plants… but he adds a note of caution… gazing into the rosettes of dyckia is mesmerising… beware, before you know it, you’ll be hooked!


11


Chanin Thorut…

Dyckia ‘Dark Prince’ (D. ‘Charlot’ x D. Dyckia ‘Choco Baby’ (D. platyphylla xmarnier-lapostollei var. estevesii ). D. marnier-lapostollei ).

Dyckia ‘Mystery’ (D. marnier-lapostollei A hybrid of D. platyphylla x D. marnierwith unknown pollen parent). lapostollei.

A hybrid of D. macedoi x D. beateae. Dyckia ‘Blue Cloud’ (D. platyphylla x
D. brevifolia ).

Chanin Thorut…


Dyckia ‘Miracle’ (D. ‘Charlot’ F2).
Chanin with Dyckia ‘Dakota’.

A hybrid of D. macedoi x D. platyphylla.
Dyckia ‘Autumn’ (D. ‘Charlot’ F2).
A hybrid of D. platyphylla x D. marnierlapostollei.


Dyckia ‘Moonstone’ (D. platyphylla x
D. marnier-lapostollei ).
13


Auckland, Friday 15 – Monday 18 March 2013


elton Leme, Brazil


 Jose Manzanares, ecuador


 Michael Kiehl, USA


 Andrew Maloy, new Zealand


4 star accommodation, superb conference facilities and easily accessible – only 15 minutes drive from Auckland International Airport and 15 minutes from the Auckland CBD.
There will be seminars… a bromeliad show and plant displays… plant sales… a banquet and lots of social occasions… plus garden tours.
email us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. – Just type in ‘send us cool broms info’ and we’ll make sure you get all the latest conference news and all the ‘early bird’ offers.
ConferenCe Convenor:
Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon rise, Half Moon Bay, Auckland 2012

Winter approaches… same old ‘problems’… same old advice!
It’s that time of year again and we can’t do better than repeat some good advice from the late Gerry Stansfield and Dave Anderson that has been printed in the Journal in previous years. Take care of your plants!

Pre-winter chores in the garden and the greenhouse – Gerry Stansfield

A
round about this time we usually give out some advice to our newer members and perhaps a reminder to others, about the few things we should do before the onslaught of the cold winter months. There is one job we must do prior to winter, and it is extremely important to do it now rather than waiting for the usual spring clean up – dead leaf our plants.
Unlike in the spring and summer months, the dead leaves in the winter can and do start to rot and break down. This can very quickly turn to bacteria and viral infection. You might say, ‘How does that happen?’. Well, actually, we do know quite a lot about rotting vegetation. After all, that’s what composting is all about. However, the important difference between composting and dead leaves lying next to our bromeliads is that in composting we allow the temperature of the compost to rise dramatically which generally kills any pathogenic and viral bacteria, and leaves us with the lovely sweet smelling compost. This does not happen with our dead bromeliad leaves! How does this bacteria get into our plants? We do know that all bromeliads have trichomes, and we know that these trichomes are there to facilitate the absorption of water from rain and nutrients, and we also know that they are quite capable of absorbing matter from decaying vegetation.
It is well known that vectors (orcarriers) such as animals, insects, mites, aphids, nematodes, mealy bug, scale and the sucking or chewing type of slugs and snails etc, are all potential viral disease carriers, and by chewing and sucking at our plants they can and do pass on forms of infection that can attack the stomata pores of the leaves and of course also the stemcells. In particular, the sucking and chewing insects, that just love rotting vegetation, are extremely harmful to our beloved bromeliads.
By getting rid of the dead leaves we are helping our bromeliads to continue to grow and stay in a healthy condition.
If you have only a few bromeliad plants, this may not be a big job. But if you have a large collection, either in your garden, green house or shade house, then it is a much bigger job and should be planned. If your plants are in pots, then it is just a matter of lifting the pots, cleaning up the plant and replacing the pot. If you have planted in the ground, then it is more complex and perhaps you can do with the help of a kneeler or thick foam pad. We find the kneeler is ideal, and the handles allow you to easily hoist yourself up again. They are available from the Mitre 10 shops. Finally, when you have finished it is a good time to lay slug baits.

Bromeliads and cold – Adapted from an article by Dave Anderson, first published in our ‘Bromeliad’ Journal, September 2001.
T
he northern parts of New Zealand have a climate that allows the growing of a large number of bromeliads outside, all year round. Of course, additional protection needs to be given to those species that cannot withstand the occasional freezingnighttime temperatures through the five to six weeks of mid-winter.
Sometimes a series of milder winters has lulled a number of our members into a false sense of security, perhaps with the assumption that ‘global warming’is already taking effect. When winter reverts back to being one of the colder and wetter ones, with cooler nightly temperatures starting in late April, a drier than usual June with (for some areas) many ground frosts, followed by a cold and wet July and August. Some plants that have fared well growing outside for the last few years, have suffered badly and may even succumb. The northern New Zealand climate with winters usually cool and wet and summers warm and dryish are the opposite of the bromeliad’s habitat, which is mainly cool and dry winters and hot, wet summers.
Bromeliads, when subjected to frosts (dry cold) where the leaves have actually frozen, will suffer badly with the leaves spotting and turning brown over the following days. More tender bromeliad species will just rot out in the centre. Smaller pups attached to the parent plant are quite often protected from being frozen by the parentplant’s foliage and will keep growing, particularly when the weather turns warmer. Plants that have been subjected to cold rain and wind will initially appear to be growing satisfactorily. However, after a couple of months of the cold, wet weather, plants become debilitated and rot out in the centre. It could be that the plant’s roots have died, leaving it vulnerable to infection.
Several ways of minimising the damage from the cold and wet:
1.
Location – if possible, grow on north to north-east, sloping land that is frost draining.

2.
Shift the plants into a glasshouse (preferably heated) in the late autumn.

3.
Make use of solar sinks such as large rocks, brick and concrete walls that are able to warm up from the sun’s energy during the day and release the energy at night.

4.
Cover the plants with frost cloth (keeping it clear of the foliage) in the early evening if a frost is expected. There are various grades of frost cloth – the heavier the better. Where heavy frosts are likely to occur, cover the plants with corrugated cardboard before placing the frost cloth.

5.
Canopy – use the foliage of taller plants to ward off frost. One of the founder members of the Society grows many of his plants very successfully under citrus trees (hardy to -6°C)through the winter months.

6.
Grow the plants as epiphytes,suspended high off the ground where the temperatures on frosty nights do not drop below freezing.

7.
Be very careful fertilising plants. Do not give them nitrogen fertilisers from midsummer onwards, otherwise they tend to produce lush growth that is damaged in cold weather.

Wrapping up for winter

– Jo Elder

T
he cooler days have arrived and it is time to start placing our bromeliads in warmer spots in the garden and protecting them from frosts.
We are very fortunate in our garden which is situated on a northern slope and also has a large paved driveway and some gardens covered in stones. This helps retain warmth and therefore keeps away the frost. However, I still tuck more sensitive plants under eaves or elevate them. Others I take into the shade house, half of which is surrounded by shade cloth and the other half has an acrylic roof, but has lots of cold air blowing around it. This area of the shade house is where I keep my more cold sensitive tillandsias. They have always come through the winter quite well, but, last winter I discovered a new type of frost cloth. It is called “Microclima”. It is a transparent UV stabilized knitted fabric which is permeable to water and air and, if it is used out in the garden, does not have to be removed during the day as some other frost cloths do. It can be thrown directly over the plants. It has one edge hemmed which means it can be threaded over a wire to hang it up. This product is available in a 100 metre roll which one of our members purchased and kindly cut up into lengths for our Bromeliad Group members.

I wrapped the end of the shade house that has the acrylic roof on it in this cloth. The effect was wonderful, as it raised the temperature by several degrees and the tillandsias kept growing through the winter.
“Microclima” can be used in early spring out in the garden to place over seed beds and get those veges away to an early start.

OFFICERS


Patron: Patricia Sweeney Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616 President: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272 Committee: Graeme Barclay 09-835 0358 Vice Presidents: Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451 John Blanch 09-534 0605
Don Brown 09-361 6175 David Cowie 09-630 8220 Secretary: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671 Chris Paterson 09-625 6707 Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616 Cultivar Registrar: Barry Uren 09-235 5244 Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114 Species Preservation: Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt, Barry Uren 09-235 5244
Len Trotman, Patricia Sweeney, Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366 Peter Waters Auditor: Colin Gosse

MEMBERSHIP SUBSCRIPTION
New Zealand:

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00 discount if paid before the end of February). Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00 ($5.00 discount also applies as above).

Overseas:

AUD $30.00 Australia, US $30.00 United States and other overseas countries. Send all payments to the Treasurer, Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012.

CORRESPONdENCE

All general correspondence should be sent to the Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,
P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland, New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters or articles in the Journal are the contributors’ own views and do not necessarily express the views or policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc.


BROMELIAD JOURNAL
deadline:
For all editorial and advertising, the first Tuesday of publication month

Editorial Committee
Dave Anderson Murray Mathieson Peter Waters

Regular Writers
Andrew Devonshire Graeme Barclay John and Agatha Lambert

Production
Murray Mathieson

distribution
Dave Anderson All enquiries and contributions welcome, please contact any member of the editorial committee or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012 or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

display Advertising
Rates are: Full Page $60.00 Half Page $30.00 Quarter Page $15.00

‘Buy & Swap’
Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for members of the Society (max. 30 words). For advertising enquiries and material, please contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366 or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Group News
Far North Bromeliad Group
– Bevlyn Bibby
It was an early start for most to reach Whangarei for the two garden visits before the meeting at Maureen Green’s Maungakaramea garden.
From 9.30 am Iris and Colin Symonds greeted members and escorted them round their immaculate garden. They have created numerous small rooms with well-groomed bromeliads, and orchids, both outside and in several shade houses. A real ‘gardener’s garden’, with a large variety of interesting plants. Then we visited Bev and Brian Hutchin’s garden nearby. Succulents and bromeliads are strongly featured, with stones, rocks and driftwood, dispersed among the plants. Pots and hand crafted sculpture, big and small add to the vistas in every direction in this perfectly manicured garden. Some members bought well-priced bromeliads too. Lastly, we went to our club meeting at Maureen Green’s large country garden at Maungakaramea. More than 30 members enjoyed the mild autumn weather as they explored the many bromeliad houses and displays and Maureen was kept very busy supplying members with ‘treasures off their wish lists.’ With wonderful mature plantings of trees and subtropical plants as a canopy Maureen’s garden was a delight.
David led our ‘Show & Tell’ discussion topic, nidulariums, and showed a selection of random crosses – some
N. lubbersii x N. fulgens. Others had N. innocentii in the parentage. Specimens showed a variation of flower colour, flower height above the vase together with variable leaf markings and spines.
Merle Bishop had a fine specimen of N.
longiflorum (of the ‘innocentii type’).
The auction had some enthusiastic
bidding – especially for Neoregelia
‘Predator.’ This beautiful plant, supplied
by Maureen, could well be a show
winner in the future.
Meetings: Visitors very welcome –
please contact Poppy on 09 407 9183 .

Northland Bromeliad Group
– Lois Going
Our April meeting was at Minnie and George Whitehead’s at Otaika Valley, a large property fringed by mature native bush. It was Easter but that did not deter a good number of members and the meeting was held on the veranda. We discussed the pros and cons and methods of fertilising various bromeliads. Achieving a balance is important and a build up of salts is to be avoided. Don and Pat Ogilvie had recently visited the Melbourne Flower Show at Carlton Gardens and described some of the exhibits. Competition: A pleasing number of entries resulted in 1st – Minnie Whitehead

Vriesea hybrid; 2nd – Maureen Green


Neoregelia ‘Royal Hawaiian’; 3rd = McGregor Smith – Aechmea fulgens var discolor ; Sandra Wheeler – unnamed guzmania After afternoon tea we wandered round the extensive garden with created ponds, a long drive with trees, shrubs and perennials, a gazebo built by George on the lawn, and many bromeliads naturalised on the bush fringes. There were several shade houses and also plants for sale – the energy of this octogenarian being an example to us all

Cont’d P20 19 Cont’d from P19 – Group News
Next Meeting: May 22nd at 1.30.pm. Reyburn House painting studio in the Town Basin. Speaker: Andrew Steens
Eastern Bay of Plenty Bromeliad & Orchid Group – Alison Iremonger
The April meeting was a Whakatane Garden Ramble. At 12.30pm, 35 people met at the expansive, sprawling garden of Maggie Dominick, Otarawairere Bay. Her home, built some 40 years ago, had a large selection of bromeliads dotted amongst her other shrubs, flowers and trees. Although cooler, the sun shone as we moved to a new garden planted by Natasha Jephson. Natasha’s mainly pebble gardens were planted with a variety of succulents, palms, bromeliads, lush cycads and ferns. Her garden looked manicured and well planned. We then visited an established bromeliad garden, previously owned by Rose and Kevin Magee, and now owned and well looked after by Betty and Brian Richards. Next was a wander through Paul Jarrett’s garden. He has continued to maintain this lovely garden, after the passing away of his wife Alison. Paul also had plants for sale. The final garden belonged to Rose and Kevin Magee. This newish ‘townhouse’ showed what can be achieved in a small space. The bromeliads in pots and in baskets on fences, looked stunning. We held our meeting there. Pam Signal was in the chair and we discussed a November trip to Auckland and a trip to the Clivia and Orchid Show in Tauranga in September. The topic was ‘Broms and orchids suitable for outside growing throughout the year’. Barbara Rogers showed us her ‘hardy’ bromeliads. Pam Signal had a variety of hardy Aechmea recurvata on display. The ‘Show & Tell’ was interesting.
Dene Hopcroft from Opotiki, showed her spectacular Alcantarea ‘Totara Orange’. Ross Fergusson showed seeds from the plant Bromelia pinguin, that had germinated. Ross shares information and is always generous in giving seeds to members. Wilma Fitzgibbons from Papamoa showed her Tillandsia capitata (red), a very showy plant. Pam Signal had two Cattleya orchids, one with deep pink flowers and white stripes (‘Maris Magic’) the other ‘Le Clar Hancock’ x’ Angel Walker’, with a large showy pink and mauve flower. The sales table was well stocked and an afternoon tea and chat was enjoyed. Next Meeting: June meeting at the Professionals office, Landing Road, Whakatane.


Bay of Plenty Bromeliad Group
– Jo Elder
We had a good turnout of members and two visitors at our April meeting. President Lynley reminded members that subscriptions of $15.00 per member or $20.00 per household are now due. Members were asked to please notify any change of email address. Lynley welcomed and introduced our speaker Andrew Steens who had brought along copies of his new book ‘Bromeliads for Connoisseurs’. He gave us an interesting talk and answered many questions on how to best grow and propagate bromeliads. One good hint was to elevate plants in the winter so that good drainage is maintained. Bromeliads do not like to be cold and wet for long periods. Last year’s competition winners were announced – Tillandsia section: 1st J. Elder, 2nd B. Schollum, 3rd. A. Hewson. Bromeliads other than Tillandsia: 1st G. Keesing, 2nd J. Elder, 3rd equal C. Chudleigh and B. Nalder. In ‘Show and Tell’ Wilma Fitzgibbons had brought along Catopsis berteroniana
Plant of the month for April: Neoregelia. Tabled were Neoregelia ‘Hot Gossip’ ‘Manoa Beauty’ kautskyi. ‘Kahala Sunset’ ’Yin’ ‘ Purple Tower’ and ‘Piccolo’. Andrew Steens said they were well grown plants and with more heat and good conditions many of them would grow a lot bigger. Competition: 1st equal, an unnamed Nidularium, Gill Keesing. 1st equal, Neoregelia ‘Yin’, Cushla Chudleigh, 2nd Neoregelia ‘Crimson Nest’, Barbara Nalder. Also tabled Neoregelia ‘Piccolo’, Margaret Mangos.
Tillandsia Competition: 1st T crocata, Bertha Schollum, 2nd T. xerographica, Wilma Fitzgibbons, 3rd T. pseudobaileyi, Wilma Fitzgibbons. Next Meeting: June 8, 12.30pm at TYPB Clubrooms, Sulphur Point. Roger Allan will discuss sprays that are suitable around bromeliads, also on the use of frost cloth. Plant of the month: ‘Aechmea’. No garden visits until further notice.

South Auckland Bromeliad Group
– Marion Morton
75 brave souls turned out for our first winter meeting at the Botanic Gardens, Manurewa. This was also our Annual General Meeting. Graham West was unanimously re-elected as President, and all of last year’s officers were re-elected for a further year. Following the AGM members were given the opportunity of showing us their favourite plant and providing information about it, after which Roy Morton auctioned off some of the plants. Next Meeting: 1:30pm Sunday, 5 June 2011, Auckland Botanic Gardens, 102 Hill Road, Manurewa. Hawi Winter will give us a DVD presentation of photographs taken at our recent weekend away at Whakatane.

Hawke’s Bay Bromeliad Group
– Judy Newman
At our April meeting, after our AGM, those members who had travelled to Tauranga talked of the trip and showed plants they had purchased. Quite a few of the photos taken over that weekend were on display. There were so many members present, plus three visitors, that we were bulging at the seams which means serious thought will have to be given to finding a larger venue. There were enough sale plants to keep everyone happy. It was decided that we will have to do some fund raising before we can do another trip away. Elaine Fern (an artist) had some people tricked and everyone highly amused by her competition entry. The undersides of the leaves of her ‘new’ variety of Aechmea recurvata were bright yellow and the upper surfaces lime green!
Competition:
Neoregelia: 1st Neoregelia ‘Stargazer’
– Grace Smith; 2nd Neoregelia ‘Kilauea Fire’ – Judy Newman; 3rd Neoregelia ‘Bobby Dazzler’ – Yvonne Richardson Miniature/small: 1st Tillandsia multicaulis – Judy Newman; 2nd Tillandsia fuchsia var. gracilis – Denise Dreaver Most colourful plant: 1st Vriesea ‘Solar Flare’ – Colin Anderson; 2nd Billbergia ‘Hallelujah’ – Noel Newman; 3rd Neoregelia ‘Ryan’s Red Beauty’ – Grace Smith’ Next Meeting: Sun 26th May. Venue to be advised.

Easy to grow nidulariums add a welcome touch of colour
– Notes and photos from Peter Waters

W
hile to some, nidulariums may seem to be rather uninteresting green plants, this is not always the case and they do have the advantage that they flower for a long time and whether in shade or partial sun they look much the same. They add a touch of colour to areas of the garden that don’t get much light, and they are possibly the easiest genus to grow. They like plenty of water and respond well to some fertilizer.
Nidularium atalaiaense
A beautiful reddish-orange leaved nidularium found in Rio de Janiero state of Brazil close to the sea. It is closely related to Nidularium fulgens with its blue petals. The primary bracts, which are the colourful short leaves surrounding the inflorescence are a rusty orange. It is very easy to grow and produces pups readily.

Nidularium altimontanum
Another very attractive plant with wine red leaves. Somewhat smaller than Nid atalaiaense, altimontanum has red petals and inhabits the Organ Mountains near Rio de Janeiro at about 1000 metres elevation, where it grows on the forest floor in dim light. It was first described in 1989.

Nidularium kautskyanum
This is another recent discovery, honouring its finder, the late Roberto Kautsky who came across it in Espirito Santo. It lives at about 1000 metres on the ground or the lower branches of trees. It is quite small and dainty with shiny green leaves and a translucent look about it. Pinkish primary bracts with dark blue petals.

Nidularium campo-alegrense
This is one of the white petalled nidulariums, with a compact inflorescence and scarlet red primary bracts. The sheaths of the leaves are distinctly lined which serves to distinguish it from Nidularium innocentii when not in flower. It grows south of Rio in Parana and Santa Catarina states at 700 to 1500 metres. Strangely a population has been found in Espirito Santo well north of Rio and a long way from its usual habitat.

Nidularium serratum
Named for its sharp teeth on the leaf margins, this is a close relative to Nid procerum although it does have wider and thicker leaves. It is fairly widespread from Sao Paulo to Espirito Santo. It can be terrestrial or epiphytic and grows from 200 to 1700 metres. The petals are sky blue with white margins.

Nidularium utriculosum
This is one of the older nidulariums first described in 1898. At that time it grew on Copacabana Beach in the city of Rio. Nowadays it has been totally banished from there but is still found well outside the city limits. Blue petals with longish red primary bracts.


Easy to grow
nidulariums…

23

JULY 2011
VOL 51 NO 7
• Geoff Lawn, BSI Registrar, on the registration of cultivars
• Peter Coyle on hybridising and having fun
Anne and Tom Stacey’s ‘tapestry of bromeliads’in Tauranga. Photo from Jo Elder.

Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc

Bromeliad Journal – July 2011 issue


CONTENTS

President’s Page – Jocelyn Coyle 2
Bromeliad Society June meeting news – Dave Anderson 4
Registration of bromeliad cultivars – Geoff Lawn 5
Anne and Tom Stacey ‘downsize’ in style – Jo Elder 8
Society officers, subs and Journal directory 11
Growing tips for beginners (Part 3) – Graeme Barclay 12
Spring Sale 14
Tillandsia ehlersiana… bizarre but beautiful – Dave Anderson 16
Chester Skotak’s new mini guzmanias – ‘Bromeliana’ 16
Group News 17
Peter Coyle on hybridising and having fun – Andrew Devonshire 21

The opinions expressed in articles or letters in this Journal are the contributors’ own views and
do not necessarily express the views or the policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand

COMING EVENTS

Please see the Group News section starting on page 17 for details, venues and

times of group meetings.

JULY
24th Northland Group meeting
24th Hawkes Bay Group meeting
26th Society monthly meeting at
Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden
and Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm.
Monthly choice competition: Broms
with longitudinal stripes (any genus).
Hawi Winter will talk about ‘Broms
on Walls.’

AUGUST

7th South Auckland Group meeting
10th Bay of Plenty Group meeting
14th Far North Group meeting
21st Eastern BOP meeting
23rd Society monthly meeting at
Greyfriar’s Hall, corner of Mt Eden
and Windmill roads, starting 7.30pm.
Monthly choice competition: Vriesea
platynema and cultivars.

FRONT COVER: This month we take a ‘peek’ at the delightful garden of Anne
and Tom Stacey at Maungatapu in Tauranga. As Jo Elder says in her article on
page 8… they have literally created a ‘tapestry’ of bromeliads. Thanks Jo for
sending us the story and the lovely photos.


PRESIDENT’S PAGE

Hi everyone, well I think my
cruising days are over. My
stomach was trying to tell me
something when it got a bit rough, but
we arrived safe and sound in Sydney
and spent two days there before flying
home to be greeted by a definite drop
in the temperature from when we left a
week earlier. The only bromeliad I saw
in Sydney was a guzmania for sale in a
shopping mall. It looked like it had been
dropped off the shelf a dozen times and
walked on a few times - no flower and I
was too scared to look for a price.

We have had our first frost as I can
see the cold damage on the tips of the
hibiscus plants.

I enjoy the colour that the flowers give
you in the garden into the early part of
winter. The aloes look amazing this year
but are a bit later than normal with their
flowering and they really attract the birds
to the garden. The tuis seem to disappear
over summer and it is really nice to have
them back.

New bromeliad discussion
group now online

Hawi Winter and Andrew Devonshire
are the managers of a brand new brom
site on Facebook called the ‘Kiwi
Bromeliad Group’. The emphasis
will be on New Zealand bromeliad
topics – new hybrids, technical
questions, plant photos etc.
If you are a member of Facebook

-go into Facebook and type KIWI
Bromeliad Group into the ‘search’
box. If you are not in Facebook,
Google ‘Facebook’ and follow the
simple instructions.
There are some interesting things
planned for the next few meetings but
if there is something that in particular
that you would like to learn more about
please let me or one of the committee
know. If anyone has any plastic name tag
holders at home that are not in use please
bring them along to the next meeting.

Please mark your diaries SPRING SALE
Sunday October 16th and BROMS IN
THE PARK Sunday November 6th.

Keep warm and healthy. See you on
the 26th.

Jocelyn Coyle

Two worthwhile books
available from the
Society NOW…

‘Bromeliads under the Mango Tree’

by John Catlan $15.00

A compilation of the many interesting and
informative notes and articles John has
published over many years in ‘Bromlink’,
the newsletter of the Gold Coast Succulent
and Bromeliad Society.

‘Bromeliad hybrids – for my own
satisfaction. Book 1. Neoregelias’

by Margaret Paterson $39.00

Margaret lives at Gympie, north of
Brisbane and she is the creator of many
stunning bromeliad hybrids.

These excellent books are available
for sale at Society monthly meetings or
contact our secretary, Dave Anderson
09 638 8671, email: davidandjoan@orcon.
net.nz to arrange delivery.


Bromeliad Society June Meeting News


– Dave Anderson
With Jocelyn away Don Brown
our Vice President chaired
the meeting. We had another
draw for a one year free subscription to
the BSI that entitles the winner to the
six bimonthly journals and membership
access to their website. The winner was
Christine Gleeson from the Far North.
Peter Waters took us through the ‘Show
and Tell’ plants. First up was Tillandsia
‘Wildfire’ – multicaulis x deppeana in
full flower, a beautiful hybrid made by
John Arden in 2000. Next was the species
Nidularium longiflorum, also in flower.
There are distinct ways of distinguishing
this species. The flowers of N. longiflorum
only emerge from the centre of the plant
with none from the surrounding bracts
that is the norm with other nidulariums.
The long flowers, (hence its name),
come to an oblique point whereas other
nidularium flowers are usually flat on
top. This species was previously known
by the names Nidularium innocentii
var wittmackianum and Nidularium
wittmackianum. For naming was a
Nidularium rutilans that has dark red
flowers. A vriesea hybrid had slight
brown marks on the ends of some leaves.
This can occur during the colder, wetter
weather so just keep it in as bright a light
as you can and do not fertilise. A small
grey leaved tillandsia was brought in for
a name – maybe one of the Argentinean
tillandsias, Tillandsia zecheri or friesii.
Lastly, a neoregelia that had been bought
from John Van Schie with a broad white
stripe down the centre of the leaves –
possibly the hybrid Neoregelia ‘Wango
Tango’.
Peter Waters gave a talk on unusual
genera with the letters starting E, F and
G. Edmundoa – Has four species and

belongs to the Bromelioideae subfamily.
They used to be known as Canistrums
with the species Edmundoa lindenii var
rosea being common in NZ collections.
Another seen here is the variegated
Edmundoa ‘Alvim Seidel’.
Encholirium – Approximately 33 species
that are quite similar to Dyckia – mainly
about 200mm in diameter, but none in
NZ.
Fascicularia – A single species
Fascicularia bicolor grows along the
Chilean rocky cliffs on the coast. It looks
prickly however the leaves are relatively
soft.
Fernseea – Only a couple of species
that grows at about 3,000 m altitude in
Brazil. Similar to Dyckia but flowers
from the centre.
Fosterella – Has 31 species and belongs
to the Pitcairnioideae subfamily.
Fosterella penduliflora is the only one
in NZ with soft, greyish green undulated
leaves about 300mm long.
Glomeropitcairnia – Has 2 species and
belongs to the Tillandsioideae subfamily.
Huge plants some 3m across growing
in the mountains in the West Indies
with constant rainfall. Seldom seen in
cultivation, neither plant in NZ.
Greigia – Has 35 species and belongs
to the Bromelioideae subfamily – large
spiny plants on the forest floor at an
altitude of 2,100-3,350m.

Chris Paterson then gave a most
interesting talk on bromeliads of the
Atlantic forest.

COMPETITIONS

Open Flowering: First John Mitchell
with Vriesea ‘Highway Beauty’
(albomarginated) – a most attractive


form of the named cultivar that has
albomarginated leaves instead of
the variegated ones. Alan Cliffe was
second with Aechmea ‘Ensign’ – always
attractive when grown well as this one
was. In the competition: Aechmea
weilbachii, ‘Bert’, recurvata ‘Kiwi’;
Billbergia vittata ‘Colores’; Neoregelia
‘Rosea Lineata’; Vriesea ‘Honeycomb’
and Vriesea ‘Happy Days’.

Open Foliage: John Mitchell was first
with a Dyckia marnier-lapostollei x
‘Charlot’. Second was David Goss
with Vriesea Tasman hybrid that had
similar colours to ‘Snowman’. In the
competition: Billbergia ‘Domingos
Martins’ x ‘C’est Bon’, ‘Simply
Irresistible’; Nidularium ‘Ruby Lee’;
Vriesea ospinae var gruberi, ‘Kiwi’
hybrid, ‘Tasman # 1003’ and ‘Sunset’ x
fosteriana.

Tillandsia: Win Shorrock was first
with Tillandsia imperialis; always
stunning when in flower. Second with a
Tillandsia stricta also in flower was John
Mitchell. In the competition: Tillandsia

complanata, lindenii, ionantha ‘Druid’,
punctulata and ‘Eric Knobloch’ (large).

Neoregelia: First Don Brown
with Neoregelia ‘Burnsie’s Spiral’
and second was David Goss with
Neoregelia chlorosticta ‘Marble
Throat’. In the competition: Neoregelia
‘Marshalls Select’, ‘Hannibal Lector’ x
punctatissima, ‘Dr. Oeser’ (variegated),
(carolinae x ‘Painted Lady’) x ‘Takemura
Princeps’ x ‘Meyendorfii’, ‘Fosperior
Perfection’, ‘Fairy Paint’ x chlorosticta
and ‘Jewellery Shop’.

Named Monthly Plant (Bigenerics):

First was David Goss with a xNeomea
‘Strawberry’. He was also second with
xNeotanthus ‘Firefoam’.


The Plant of the Month was shared - John
Mitchell with Vriesea ‘Highway Beauty’
and Win Shorrock with Tillandsia
imperialis.
Congratulations to all the winners.


NEXT MEETING : Tues 26th July.

Registration of bromeliad cultivars

– Geoff Lawn, BSI Cultivar Registrar, writing on the BSI website – www.bsi.org
Online Registration – This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

To register a cultivar select the form appropriate to the cultivar type:

• SPECIES – If the cultivar is a selected clone of a species
• HYBRID – If the cultivar is the product of a hybridization
• SPORT – If the cultivar is a stable mutation of an existing cultivar or species
General instructions

The sheer number of new introductions
has made the collector and grower
much more selective in what he is able
to collect and grow. Frustration has
occurred when a grower has attempted to
acquire a certain choice clone or cultivar

and received instead a plant with the
same name but of different character and
appearance. This happened because, in
the past, emphasis was placed on naming
the grex rather than the clone or cultivar.

Today the registration process of the
Bromeliad Society International is

Cont’d P6


Cont’d from P5 – Registration of bromeliad cultivars

concerned solely with registration of
named cultivars.

GREX is a term that means “seedling
batch” (all the plants resulting from
making a hybrid). More often than not
a GREX, especially one with complex
hybrids in the cross, will contain plants
differing significantly in appearance.
A CULTIVAR is an individual that has
been selected from a GREX because of
a particular attribute or combination of
attributes. It is clearly distinct, uniform
and stable in its characteristics, and
when propagated by pupping, retains
those characteristics because it is of
identical genetic makeup. Thus, when
a CULTIVAR is given a name and
distributed, one can be assured that all
plants with this name have the same
characteristics and uniformity. This is the
main reason why we register only named
cultivars, and with the cooperation of
every bromeliad grower, collector and
hybridizer, the confusion of the past can
be avoided. If the plants of a seedling
batch are all basically identical (as in
a true F1 crossing) and prove to retain
their characteristics through propagation
by pupping, then all the plants can be
registered under one CULTIVAR name.
The use of a GREX formula to identify
a parent is allowed on the Registration
Form but is frowned upon. Only one
plant of the GREX would have been
used in the breeding program and should
have been worthy of a name in its own
right!!

CULTIVAR GROUP replaces the
concept of Grex and covers all plants that
look similar irrespective of parentage. As
an example, in the Bromeliad Cultivar
Registry 1998 there are listed cultivars
of Neoregelia carolinae but we will
be going further than that and include

hybrids that have a look of Neoregelia
carolinae about them to form a cultivar
group. Because better known species
names are fairly static and are defined we
intend to use them as much as possible
thus Carolinae group or Concentrica
Group etc. As this develops it will mean
that enquiries can be made on look-alike
cultivars via this cultivar group code. It
may even develop that different genera
will have different solutions but each
must be simple and easy to understand.
SPORT is a visible asexual mutation. A
SPORT is acceptable as a CULTIVAR
provided it is reasonably stable. Although
rare in most CULTIVARS it generally
arises in the form of variegation. It is also
liable to change. Therefore, we will want
to know the identity of the plant whose
offset produced the mutation. There is
a much closer relationship between a
plant and its sport relative than in a grex
relationship and this link will be shown
in the Bromeliad Cultivar Registry.

CHOOSING CULTIVARS
TO BE NAMED

The most important decision you
must make before attempting to
register a cultivar is to satisfy yourself
that the cultivar is truly unique and
recognizable. Cultivars should be grown
through several cycles of pupping and
blooming to ensure that they are stable
and reproduce consistently. Another
reason for having the period of testing
is so that you have more than one plant
in existence. It would not be in the
interests of Registration if there were
only just the one plant and nothing to
propagate asexually when this dies.
“Recognizable” should mean that the
cultivar has unique characteristics which
allow it to be identified or recognised
without a tag, especially by someone
other than yourself. This decision is


yours to make and your best judgment
is required to prevent the registration of
large numbers of essentially identical
plants under different cultivar names.
For instance, if you make a hybrid grex
consisting of a variety of clones or
cultivars, selecting and registering only
the truly unique clone or clones is the
most appropriate way to proceed. The
next appropriate thing to do is to destroy
the balance of the grex.

PLANT DESCRIPTION

In many cases this will be minimal
because your colored photo will do this
for you but things like height and width
are essential. Indicate in the appropriate
space the plant or cultivar group your
cultivar most resembles. This makes the
Cultivar easier to visualize. A written
description of the feature or character
that makes the cultivar unique is also
required because this is a reminder to
the Applicant that the Cultivar they
are registering is clearly different. The
applicant may use the plant the cultivar
resembles as a reference. For instance,
Aechmea ‘Ensign’ may be described as
resembling Aechmea orlandiana but
having green leaves with white margins
suffused with red.

WHAT TO REGISTER

Any bromeliad cultivar may be
registered: a unique cultivar of a species
plant, a new, unknown or undescribed
species (eg. Neoregelia ‘Fireball’) or a
hybrid with unknown parentage. It must
simply fit the definition for cultivar as
described above.

PHOTOGRAPHIC RECORD or
CULTIVAR ‘STANDARD’

New cultivar registrations must be
accompanied by two or more photos
(preferably digital jpegs), slides or

prints. One photograph should show a
full frame overall view of the plant with
another showing the bloom as close-up
as possible. Either of these, or perhaps
another photograph, should show the
feature or character that makes the
cultivar unique. Watch to see that the
background is not busy and does not
detract from the plant.

INFORMATION UPDATE

The database into which the information
from the registration sheet is entered is
an open one which will allow updating,
adding additional information, or
changing data at any time. If you
learn anything further or get a better
photograph please let us know.

GUIDELINES FOR
CHOOSING NAMES

The cultivar name you choose should
follow the guidelines below:

1. On or after 1 January 1996, new
cultivar names must consist of no more
than 10 syllables and no more than 30
letters or characters overall, excluding
spaces and the single quotes which
indicate the cultivar name.
2. The name must not be in Latin, or
include botanical names and terms or
similarities to existing names which
might lead to confusion.
3. It is preferablenot to use abbreviations,
articles, numerals, arbitrary sequences
of letters, or terms such as “Cross”,
‘Hybrid”, “Grex” or words exaggerating
the merits of a cultivar which may
become inaccurate through introduction
of new cultivars.
If you have any questions or require
assistance, the Cultivar Registrar will be
happy to assist you.
Geoff Lawn, BSI Cultivar Registrar

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. – 31 Greenock
Avenue, Como WA 6152, Australia.

How Anne and Tom Stacey
‘downsized’… and did it in style – Jo Elder

Anumber of years ago, Anne
Stacey and her husband Tom
moved from a large country-
style garden in Te Puke to a small city
plot in Maungatapu, Tauranga.

Before moving, Anne had some time to
think about and decide which plants to
choose to take to the new, much smaller
garden. She decided on a tropical theme
and took bromeliads because she had
been told that Maungatapu never had
frosts. Alas, not true!

There was nothing much in the way of a
garden in the city plot so Anne decided


to start from scratch. She planted palms,
including a Queensland bottle tree that is
now providing the light overhead cover
that bromeliads love. Anne has stepped
the sloping ground from the roadside
back towards the house, she has laid
small paths and little pools and then
planted and planted. Anne wanted the
garden to look attractive when looking
down on it from the two storey house
and terraces.

After a number of years Anne has
achieved the effect of a tapestry of
bromeliads. The block retaining wall
alongside the driveway has also been
planted with bromeliads, orchids and
ivy. Behind the carport Anne has again
planted with bromeliads and orchids and
even though it is a very cold space it has
the appearance of a beautiful grotto.

Apart from the bromeliads from her
former garden Anne also transferred a
Graham Thomas rose which is tucked
away near the garage and some camellias
which form a hedge at the front of the
house.
Anne, a founder member of the Bay of
Plenty Bromeliad Group, was introduced
to the plants by her mother who knew
the former patron and co-founder of
our society, Bea Hanson.’ I went to visit
Bea and came home with a carload’,
Anne said. She describes her love of
bromeliads as a ‘disease’ and warns
new growers that once their plants start
multiplying they’ll probably catch the
bug too.

We’ll let the beautiful photos complete
the story!


Anne and Tom’s garden…


Anne and Tom’s
garden…


10


OFFICERS


Patron: Patricia Sweeney Scientific Officer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616
President: Jocelyn Coyle 09-416 8272 Committee: Graeme Barclay 09-835 0358
Vice Presidents: Alan Cliffe 09-479 1451 John Blanch 09-534 0605

Don Brown 09-361 6175 David Cowie 09-630 8220
Secretary: Dave Anderson 09-638 8671 Chris Paterson 09-625 6707
Treasurer: Peter Waters 09-534 5616 Cultivar Registrar: Barry Uren 09-235 5244
Librarian: Noelene Ritson 09-625 8114 Species Preservation:
Life Members: Dave Anderson, Patricia Perratt, Barry Uren 09-235 5244

Len Trotman, Patricia Sweeney, Editor: Murray Mathieson 09-418 0366
Peter Waters Auditor: Colin Gosse

MEMBERSHIP SUBSCRIPTION

New Zealand:

Ordinary membership NZ $35.00 ($5.00 discount if paid before the end of February).
Dual membership (same household) NZ $45.00 ($5.00 discount also applies as above).

Overseas:

AUD $30.00 Australia, US $30.00 United States and other overseas countries. Send all payments to
the Treasurer, Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise, Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012.

CORRESPONDENCE

All general correspondence should be sent to the Secretary, Bromeliad Society of New Zealand,

P.O. Box 108-168, Symonds Street, Auckland, New Zealand. The opinions expressed in letters or
articles in the Journal are the contributors’ own views and do not necessarily express the views or
policy of the Bromeliad Society of New Zealand Inc.
BROMELIAD JOURNAL

Deadline:

For all editorial and advertising, the first
Tuesday of publication month

Editorial Committee

Dave Anderson
Murray Mathieson
Peter Waters

Regular Writers

Andrew Devonshire
Graeme Barclay
John and Agatha Lambert

Production

Murray Mathieson

Distribution

Dave Anderson

All enquiries and contributions welcome, please
contact any member of the editorial committee
or send to Peter Waters, 22 Half Moon Rise,
Half Moon Bay, Manukau 2012 or email:
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Display Advertising

Rates are:
Full Page $60.00
Half Page $30.00
Quarter Page $15.00

‘Buy & Swap’

Listings in ‘Buy & Swap’ are FREE for
members of the Society (max. 30 words).
For advertising enquiries and material, please
contact Murray Mathieson ph (09) 418 0366
or email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Growing tips for beginners – Part 3


– Graeme Barclay
Following on from Part 2 in June’s
journal, where we covered light,
potting mix and planting, we
now look at the basics of removing
pups, watering and fertilising as your
broms mature.

REMOVING OFFSETS (PUPS)

Most bromeliads self-propagate by
producing offsets, commonly known
as ‘pups’from around their stem or root
areas. This normally happens when
they mature near or after flowering, as
they attempt to create offspring that will
continue to grow after the mother plant
slowly dies, post flowering. However,
it can also occur any time when the
plant is stressed or has a change in
environment that triggers the plant to
produce pups or flower before maturity.

Basically all pups can be removed
either by cutting or pulling them gently
off the mother plant. As a general rule,
wait until the pup is around a third
to half the size of the mother before
removing it. They will grow much
faster when still attached, so the longer
they are left on, the better. There are
four main types of pups you will have
to deal with as follows.

(a) Basal
If the pup is emerging from the basal
root area or inside one of the bottom
leaves, firstly remove the plant from
the pot or ground. If the pup is joined
to the root ball, remove any soil and cut
off the pup as close as possible to the

mother, trying to retain any small roots
that have formed on the pup’s base. For
pups that emerge within the lower leaf
axils, remove the leaves BELOW the
pup by splitting and pulling them to the
sides to expose where the pup joins the
mother. These types of pups often have
a natural ‘joint’ where the pup’s base
forms very close to the plant. If the
pup can be gently pulled downwards
and twisted without squeezing its
stem, it will often come off quite
easily without using a knife at all (see
following photos). However, this may
be difficult with very large pups that
are tightly connected to the mother. In
this case, a thin serrated knife or saw
can be inserted between the pup and
mother and a cut made down towards
the roots, taking care not to cut through
the stem of both mother and pup.

(a) Stoloniferous
If the pup has long, woody stolons,
they can easily be cut close to the
mother using secateurs, or a sharp
serated knife or saw. The stolons can
then also be trimmed further close to
the pup if required, before planting or
mounting.

(b) Axial
Some bromeliads form their pups
very high up the stem of the plant
in the central leaves close to the
inflorescence. These must be removed
with great care, also using a sharp knife
with minimal cutting into the stem
of the mother. Most of these plants
only produce one or two pups before


dying, so it sometimes best to leave the
pups in-situ, so they eventually grow
through the mother.

(c) Adventitious
Other varieties (mainly in the Vriesea
and Alcantarea genera) produce tiny
adventitious or ‘grass’ pups from the
basal area. This normally occurs when
the mother plant is very young and
sometimes these are the ONLY pups
the plant will have. Therefore, it is a
good idea to remove them when the
grass pups are quite small (between
8-12cm long) and grow them on as
you would a seedling in fine mix, with
regular water and fertiliser in a warm
and sheltered area.

The critical point to remember when
removing any type of pup, is NOT to
cut into or damage the soft white tissue
in the base or stem of the pup or the
mother, as this is the ‘live’ growing
tissue that forms roots and leaves.
Rotting and/or infection of the base or
centre of the plant is highly likely if
this occurs, or it may take a long time
to recover – so take extreme care!

WATERING

Most bromeliads like humidity and
moisture to grow well, so it is important
to look at their growing environment to
ensure they are getting regular water.
Broms growing in the garden will
normally only need watering during
hot summer months. Check the centre
cups and soil moisture each week to
ensure they are not dried out. Rain
during the cooler seasons is all they
will need to survive, so there is no need
to water them at this time unless direct

sun is drying them out. For broms in
pots, inside or in greenhouses that do
not get rain, again regular checking is
necessary and some prudent watering
may need to be done during the colder
months as well – but DON’T over do
it! Too much water in cold weather can
exacerbate fungal growth and promote
‘cold damage’ marks on the leaves. In
winter, keep water in the centre cups and
leaves to a minimal level and try to let
the pot soil dry out between waterings.

As a general rule, water each plant until
the cups and leaves just overflow and
water runs out the bottom of the pot.
Soil should be moist, but not soaking
wet and the pot should never sit in
water. One other thing to remember
in summer, is to run your hose well
before watering. The water in garden
hoses can get very hot in summer and
will badly scold and even kill broms.

FERTILISING

Fertiliser for bromeliads is a much
debated and complex issue, as it
can have such an huge effect on the
appearance of the plant – both good
and bad. Most broms grow perfectly
well WITHOUT applications of any
artificial fertiliser. Remember, the ‘tank’
types are well adapted to collecting
nutrients in their cups and leaf axils.
However, it is generally accepted that
some fertiliser does help young pups
grow roots and get well established

-and also helps maturing plants to
look their best. The trick is to find the
right methods and type of fertiliser for
your plants – as many of them have
different nutrient requirements and
growers have differing preferences
Cont’d P14 13


Cont’d from P13 – Growing tips for beginners – Part 3

as to how certain plants should look.

Without getting too complex, the more
fertiliser that is applied - the larger and
greener the plants will normally be.
The leaves will probably also be longer
and thinner, than if no fertiliser is used.
As a general rule, plants with soft,
green leaves respond well to fertiliser,
whereas shorter, darker/coloured
leaves will normally look better with
NONE at all. Therefore, look carefully
at your types of broms, the colours,
sizes and form they have – and decide
which ones would benefit from fertiliser
and which ones wouldn’t. One size
(amount of fertiliser) does not fit all !
If in doubt, ask an experienced grower.

The best method of fertilising for
beginners is to use 6-12 month slow
release pellets (eg; Osmocote). Select a
type which is medium/low in Nitrogen

(N) very low in Phosphorus (P) but
quite high in Potassium (K). Look
for the ‘NPK’ ratio, which should be
something like 14 : 4 : 24 (that is N=14
/ P=4 / K=24), where the ‘K’ ratio is
near twice that of the ‘N’. Simply mix
a small teaspoon of pellets into the soil
when planting a pup and from then
on a small teaspoon around the soil
surface each spring. This is normally
sufficient for most broms to look good
and grow well throughout the year.
The slow release method is less likely
to cause problems with form, colour
change and burning of the plant, than
if regular ‘foliar spray’ feeding is
undertaken. The foliar method is best
left for more experienced growers
or until you are sure how your plants
respond to fertiliser in your growing
environment.

Next month in Part 4 we’ll look
at controlling common diseases
and pests and protecting your
broms from the sun and frost.

Mt Eden War Memorial Hall
489 Dominion Road, Balmoral, Auckland
Open to public 10.00am to 3.00pm
SUNDAY OCTOBER 16th
Sellers – please contact Dave Anderson
as soon as possible to reserve your place.
Tel (09) 638 8671 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
It’s time to start getting those plants ready!

Growing tips for beginners…
removing vriesea pups

A typical vriesea
with lower leaves
removed, exposingthe pup.

Twist and gently
pull the pup awayfrom the mother
to remove.


Close up of the pupshowing new rootsintact and minimal
damage to the base.


This species is endemic
to Chiapas, Mexico and
is found growing on
rocks near woodland areas at
an elevation of 500-900m. It
is a most interesting looking
species with an amazing shape.
It is a relatively recent species -
the result of a hybrid swarm but
has established itself enough to
warrant species status. It is a
true pseudobulb.
A mature plant is from 20-30
cm with the leaves covered with
a dense tomentum of cinerous
trichomes. Hardy, prefers bright
light and likes being kept dry in
winter.
Tillandsia ehlersiana… bizarre but
beautiful – Dave Anderson
Tillandsia ehlersiana
Chester Skotak’s new mini guzmanias

Reprinted from The New York
Bromeliad Society newsletter
‘Bromeliana’, April 2011.

Chester Skotak’s work to
produce true miniature
guzmanias is proceeding
rapidly. Here are three of his
new minis, each of which is
less than 3 inches in diameter!
They will be shown at the 2012
World Bromeliad Conference –
being held September 24th-30th
in Orlando, Florida, USA.



Group News

Far North Bromeliad Group

– Bevlyn Bibby
Thirty nine members gathered at Mary’s
for our June meeting. The weather held
off raining so that we could explore her
large rambling garden. Mary has many
mature broms, as well as shade houses
full of orchids. Cryptanthus grow happily
on the floor of one of these houses.

Rex thanked Mary and welcomed back
Erin who thanked members for their
many kind messages. Rex also informed
us of Eric’s failing health, and that
Poppy has not been well. Colleen Frew
continues to be in care at a rest home.
Welcome to new members – Matt
Hennessy, Marilyn Williams, Dorothy
Rowe, Louise McGregor and Jeanette
Wilkin.

Spot prizes of Neoregelia guttata were
donated by Poppy. Pauline Sutherland,
Jacqui O’Connell and Audrey Kent were
the lucky winners.

Show: Combined with the Orchid Group

– at the Turner Centre 13th – 15th October.
Day 2 and Day 3 are for the public. We
plan to have 150 plants on display.
Show and Tell: David – Quesnelia
arvensis can be grown in full light, where
it will show banding or in the shade.
Flowers in October. Poppy showed the
red leaved form which is much rarer
(probably Quesnelia testudo). Colleen
– Aechmea recurvata var. benrathii –
thrives on neglect, bravely flowering
bright pink in mid winter. Rex –
Neoregelia ‘Perfection’ centre vase rot?
David suggests a drop of neat ‘Bravo’ in
the centre, which stops the mother dying

so that the pups will still form.

Jacqui showed plants of Vriesea ospinae
and V. ospinae var. gruberi and asked
how to get the pups off and still have an
attractive plant? The mother plant grows
up a long stolen with the pups at soil
level.

Poppy showed Aechmea ‘Mirlo’
(variegated form), renamed A. ‘Purple
Heart.’ Poppy’s mother plant was far
from attractive but throwing a beautiful
pup to reward her patience.

Next Meetings: 10th July we meet at
Trevor and Shirley Ross’, Skudders
Beach. 14th August we meet at Kingston
House, Kerikeri, with guest speakers
Peter and Jocelyn Coyle. Visitors are
welcome – please contact Poppy on
09 407 9183.

Northland Bromeliad Group

– Lois Going
A cold showery day saw a smaller
attendance at our May meeting at the
Onerahi home of Helen Cuff. Members
agreed that it was preferable to have
meetings indoors during the winter
months when possible.

Maureen Green gave us a talk about
how to distinguish between the different
species of bromeliads. She had brought
along several boxes of plants to illustrate
the differences and these were sold
afterwards. Sometimes species are so
similar they have to be dissected to be
sure of the correct identity.

Competition: 1st – Maureen Green

Cont’d P18 17


Cont’d from P17 – Group News

– Neoregelia ‘Hot Gossip’, 2nd –
Freda Nash – Tillandsia crocata, 3rd –
McGregor Smith – Aechmea ‘Mirlo’.
After afternoon tea we wandered round
the flat section which featured many
bromeliads, including some very large
specimens, and a great many in pots.
There were more in a small greenhouse
and some landscaped round a swimming
pool. Those under cover were pristine,
minus all the litter they collect in the
normal garden.

Next Meeting: Sunday 24th July at the
Reyburn House painting studio in the
Town Basin at 1.30pm. Colin Symonds
will be speaking and showing slides
about the Cairns bromeliad conference
and some of the gardens they visited.

South Auckland Bromeliad Group

– Marion Morton
After a long wet spell we had a nice dry
weekend for our July meeting with very
good attendance of over 75 members.
Graham West thanked Roy Morton for
running the previous meeting during his
absence, and also Hawi Winter for his
excellent presentation of photographs
taken of our Whakatane trip. Graham
also reminded members that we have
some very good books in our Library
and if members wish to borrow them
they should let Hawi Winter know and
he will make the necessary arrangements
to have them brought to the meetings.

Our guest speaker was Win Shorrock
who gave a very informative talk on
tillandsias and where they originated
from. She explained that tillandsias are
a relatively recent addition to the world’s
flora and have evolved from extinct
groups. The genus Tillandsia was named

in 1753 after a Finnish botanist Elias
Tillands. Win brought along a variety
of plants including Tillandsia stricta,
tectorum, bergeri, punctulata, crocata,
recurvifolia var subsecundifolia,
imperialis, butzii and usneoides to
discuss the conditions in which they
like to grow, how to cope with scale,
and the fertilisation of the plants. Win is
very well versed on the subject and very
interesting to listen to. Thank you Win.
The raffles were won by Hawi Winter,
Brian Small and Gail Anderson.

Next Meeting: Sunday, 7th August at the
Auckland Botanic Gardens at 1:30pm.
Our guest speaker will be Poppy Fuller
from Kerikeri. Her subject will be
bromeliad arrangements.

Bay of Plenty Bromeliad Group

– Jo Elder
At our June meeting Lynley spoke about
the passing of Kevin Schollum, and
that the funeral service for Kevin was a
commemoration of a life well led.

Roger Allan, spoke about sprays to
be used safely in our gardens. Roger
emphasised ‘Protection when Spraying
with Chemicals’ and the use of a mask.
He said that it is wise to use some form
of ‘Spray Fix’ to ensure that they stick
to the plants. Roger has discovered
that ‘Eco Oil’ is fine for bromeliads.
‘Diazanon’ works well to eradicate scale
and insects. ‘Confidor’ and ‘Calypso’
kill mealy bug. Roger mentioned that
systemic sprays move up the plant,
therefore it is wise to give good coverage
to the lower areas of plants or trees. For
the ‘dreaded’ scale that can attack lemon
trees, Roger advises mixing ‘Calypso’
and ‘Conqueror Oil’ together. Most


important of all is to keep good air flow
amongst plants and to have healthy
plants. Raffle winners were L. Roy, M.
Washer, R. Alan and I. Pirani.

Plant of the month: Aechmeas: 29 well
grown aechmeas were on display. Well
done members! Some of them were,

Aechmea correia-araujoi, blanchetiana,
‘Ensign’, ‘Inky’, winkleri, fendleri,
‘By Golly’, ‘Mirlo’ (variegated), ‘Jean
Mirkel’.

Competition: 1st Orthophytum gurkenii

– Jo Elder; 2nd Vriesea ospinae var
gruberi – Jo Elder; 3rd Neoregelia
‘Orange Crush’ – Graeme Alabaster.
Also tabled were Neoregelia ‘Royal
Pepper’, Neoregelia correia-araujoi and
Neoregelia ‘ Yellow King’.
Tillandsia: This month three members
were 1st equal Tillandsia tectorum – B.
Schollum; T. punctulata – A. Hewson;

T. ‘Houston’ x aeranthos – Jo Elder.
2nd equal T. guatemalensis (a very highly
coloured plant) – B and N Simmonds
and T. erubescens – Jo Elder. Also tabled
were T. ‘Paradise’, stricta var albifolia,
recurvifolia, crocata, stricta.
Next Meeting: 10th August at TYPB
Clubrooms Sulphur Point at 12.30pm.
Barry Jones will speak about raising
bromeliads from seeds and show some
hybrids he has made. Plant of the month:
Unusual genera and bigenerics. There
will also be a committee meeting at
11.30am.

Eastern Bay of Plenty Bromeliad
and Orchid Group

– Eunice Silvester
Our June meeting was very colourful and

interesting. Around 35 members gathered
at Professionals enjoyed entertainment
and education with members bringing
winter-flowering bromeliads in pots,
labelled flowers with corresponding pups
which were later for sale or raffle, and
coloured photos of their garden broms
in full flower. There was an enticing
display of vivid tillandsia, aechmea and
nidularium blooms, and delicate cattleya
and slipper orchids.

The competition was bromeliads
growing in unusual containers and
entries demonstrated great flights of
imagination and humour. Some of the
containers included pottery or ceramic
animals (or unintentional body parts),
a large ponga arrangement, a painted
bucket, an old meat mincer, a well
weathered beast skull, and a large
driftwood arrangement courtesy of a
recent storm/artistic husband and which
eventually proved the most popular.

Arrangements are being finalised for
our bus trip to ‘Broms in the Park’
in November. Our usual September
meeting will be replaced by a bus trip
to the Tauranga Orchid Show and the
National Clivia Show, which will also
include a clivia PowerPoint presentation.
There are garden visits planned as well
so it should be a great day.

Next Meeting: Sunday 21st August in
the Church Hall at 5 Mair St, Matata.
Well known bromeliad hybridiser/
author Andrew Steens will be guest
speaker and also bring plants for
sale. Plant of the Month: Neoregelia.
All visitors very welcome. For further
formation phone Maureen Moffatt,
07 322 2276, Sue Laurent 07 307 1323
or Ross Fergusson 07 312 5487.

Cont’d P20 19


Cont’d from P19 – Group News

Hawkes Bay Bromeliad Group

– Judy Newman
A good turnout of members enjoyed the
June meeting at our new venue. We will
miss Lynne’s lovely garden full of broms.
There was some talk about the group’s
rules, drawn up when we started, and the
committee will go over them and report
back to the members at the next meeting.
A first aid kit has been put together and
Margaret will look after this. Members
would like name tags to wear at every
meeting. Anna had brought along some
frost cloth from the garden centre where
she works. The South Auckland Group
will be visiting in January and members
were asked to put their ‘thinking caps’ on
and come up with some ideas to entertain
them. We had a lovely weekend last time
they were here.Grace and Wade Smith
gave a very interesting talk on Australian
bromeliad hybridisers and had quite a
few plants to illustrate their talk.

Competition:

Neoregelia: 1st Neoregelia ‘Picolo’ –
Grace Smith; 2nd Neoregelia ‘Rosea
Lineata’ – Julie Greenhill; 3rd Neoregelia
‘Radiant’ – Wade Smith.
Miniature/small: 1st Tillandsia capitata
–Wade Smith; 2nd Aechmea recurvata
– Linda Wong; 3rd Tillandsia stricta –
Pieter Franklin.
Variegated Plant: 1st Neoregelia ‘Van
Dourme’ sport – Grace Smith; 2nd
Neoregelia ‘Princess Grace Superb’ –
Margaret Bluck; 3rd equal Neoregelia
‘Aussie Dream’ – Wade Smith and
Neoregelia ‘Nellie Dutkowski-
Gembreska’ – Colin Anderson

Next Meeting: 24th July at St John Hall,
Taradale. The competition will be a plant
in flower.

Welington Tillandsia Study Group

– Andrew Flower
Our May meeting was at the home of
Lois and Merv Dougherty. Phyllis and
Bruce presented a glowing report on
the recent Australian Conference in
Darwin. Then, once the household dogs
had settled down, we reviewed a number
of tillandsias. T. disticha “major” was
flowering months later than the smaller

T. disticha, most of which were grown
locally from Peruvian seed. This so-
called “major” form is not officially
recognised, and has short stolons that
are not found on the smaller form.
T. wagneriana with four flower spikes
was quite spectacular, and we also
saw a number of flowering plants of
T. wagneriana x lindenii (hybridized
locally) that had broader spikes and
blue flowers about twice the size of their
mother.
These hybrids were all grown in a
heated tunnel house and were about
three times the size of some that were
grown out in a cold house. We compared
the inflorescence on a plant imported
from BirdRock Tropicals as T. sierrajuarezensis to a photo of T. violacea that
appeared on the cover of the BSI Journal
Sept–Oct 2010 issue, and the majority
thought they are the same species.
Alocal hybrid between T. erubescens and

T. bourgaei was flowering for the first
time. It is 40cm high with 8cm spikes
similar to T. bourgaei, and the pale green
flowers common to its parents. Other
flowering plants were T. ‘Houston’
(like an overgrown silvery T. stricta) T.
sphaerocephala and T. carminea.

PETER COyLE, ON HyBRIDISING:
‘Make sure you have fun!’

– Andrew Devonshire continues his series on hybridisers…
plant people with passion
The lush sub-tropical gardens
of Totara Waters, created by
Peter and Jocelyn Coyle, have
become a ‘must see’ of the Auckland
garden scene. With its exotic plant
combinations set off in landscaped
gardens, bromeliads are showcased to
perfection.

It was Jack and Toby Sparrow who
inspired Peter’s initial fascination with
plants about 30 years ago. Ever since
then he has been growing and collecting,
developing an eye for the exotic and
the rarities of the horticultural world.
In fact, Peter says any plant that is a
little unusual has always been a bit of
a trap for him. Peter has an obvious
passion for plants, plus he has the gift
of being able to combine his extensive
knowledge of plants with the ability to
landscape them for maximum effect,
and all this without any formal training
in horticulture.

Peter’s background is in the automotive
business. He initially started out
working as a panel beater, then his
natural sales skills were fine-tuned
when he moved on to be a ‘Licensed
Motor Vehicle Dealer’. Later he
became a partner in the Volkswagen
dealership ‘Autoland’, situated in
Newton. About 7 years ago he officially
retired from the automotive industry,
when he sold the automotive spare part
business ‘Mazspare’ that he had built
up in Rosebank Road, Avondale.

This allowed Peter to indulge his
passion for plants, and to focus his
attention on one particular family of
plants that were starting to become
an obsession… bromeliads. Peter
had already been growing a few
bromeliads for many years. When he
was first introduced to them they were
not readily available and the variety
was very limited. It was just over 10
years ago when Jocelyn and Peter
moved to their current location and
established the wonderful gardens
of Totara Waters. The property had a
huge glasshouse on it, and while this
was initially used for succulents and
agave, it only took a few years before
bromeliads started to take over. Peters
says that it was the colours and the
form of bromeliads that made them so
attractive, and this is when the brom
addiction really kicked in. Getting
to know people like Len Trotman,
Andrew and Rhonda Maloy entrenched
the brom addiction .

Peter was really inspired by Andrew
Maloy’s hybridising work and the huge
success he was having with vriesea.
Also, Peter had been to Australia and
had come across a few bromeliads
that took his eye, especially some of
their billbergia hybrids, so he thought
to himself, well… why not give
hybridising a go?

While Peter says his hybridising is just
for fun, he has already created some


stunning plants. His plant breeding
plans do not really include vriesea, but
one of his first hybridising successes
was the amazing Vriesea ‘Vistarella’.
This plant was judged ‘Best Vriesea’ at
the 2009 Fiesta. The plant was entered
by Andrew Maloy, who had grown on
the seed from Peter’s original cross.
Peter admits, ‘to be honest, I don’t
think I could have grown that show
plant the way he did.’

Another cross that Peter is very
pleased with was made using
Alcantarea imperialis (rubra) and
Alcantarea vinicolor, which he has
called Alcantarea ‘Totara Orange’.
Peter says he was lucky to have both
the parents flowering at the same time.
The imperialis (rubra) was a really nice
colour, if it had been just an ordinary
plant he probably wouldn’t have
bothered to use it. ‘Totara Orange’ is
the opposite cross to Andrew Maloy’s
Alcantarea ‘Red Ensign’, which is
another cracker.

Peter has also had good results with
his neoregelia hybrids. His favourites
to date are the eye catching Neoregelia
‘Totara Gold’ and Neoregelia ‘Totara
Blaze’. A cross from the parent plants
of ‘Bloodshot Eyes’ and ‘Clarise’ is
starting to show real promise, and he
has heaps of seedlings growing on
from other neo crosses.

Billbergia are Peter’s current
fascination, and he has already made
quite a few billbergia crosses. Peter
definitely likes the form of Billbergia
‘Domingos Martins’ and that’s the sort
of look he wants for his hybrids, but

his aim is to also get different colours
to come through. So far he has a lot
of seedlings and he doesn’t think it’s
going to be that easy to create his
perfect billbergia hybrid, but time will
tell. Peter thinks that billbergia have a
lot of potential, especially after seeing
the results Alan Cliffe has achieved.
Peter says they’re some of the best he’s
seen, and right up there with plants
bred in America and Australia.

Peter has observed Andrew Maloy’s
hybridising over the last few years,
and in his opinion, Andrew’s vriesea
hybrids are undoubtedly equal to, if
not, the best in the world. Peter has
seen many bromeliad hybrids imported
from the USA and Australia, and he is
sure that what we are producing here
is right up with the best. Hybridisers
like Chester Skotak are way ahead
with their neoregelia hybrids at this
point, but we are coming after them
fast! Peter says that compared to many
other countries, we are just spoiled
with some of the plants we are able to
buy.

Peter thinks it is great that lots of
members are having a go at hybridising.
His advice is to be very diligent in
your selection of parent plants. Don’t
cross plants just because they happen
to be flowering at the same time. Try
to have a plan and try to have a goal.
Also, speak to others who have been
successful, and find out what they’ve
done, and how they’ve done it. Peter
adds, ‘just don’t get too serious about
it, as it’s easy to get discouraged and
disappointed. If you make it a fun thing
you will enjoy it a whole lot more.’


Peter Coyle’s plants…


Neoregelia ‘Totara Gold’
Vriesea ‘Vistarella’
Vriesea seedlings
Neoregelia ‘Bloodshot Eyes’ x ‘Clarise’
Neoregelia ‘Totara Blaze’
Alcantarea ‘Totara Orange’

Peter Coyle’s plants…

Neoregelia ‘Marble Throat’ x ‘Little Dazzler’ grex

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